Udaloy-class destroyer

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AdmiralVinogradov2009.jpg
Admiral Vinogradov underway.
Class overview
Operators:  Soviet Navy
 Russian Navy
Succeeded by: Project 21956
In commission: 1980
Planned: 15
Completed: 13 (including 1 Udaloy II)
Cancelled: 2
Active: 9
Laid up: 1
Retired: 4
General characteristics
Type: Anti Submarine Warfare Destroyer with Anti-Ship capabilities
Displacement: 6,930 tons standard, 7,570 tons full load[1]
Length: 163 m
Beam: 19.3 m
Draught: 6.2 m
Propulsion: 2 shaft COGAG, 4 gas turbines, 120,000 hp
Speed: 35 kt
Range: 10500 nm at 14 kt
Complement: 300
Sensors and
processing systems:
Radar:MR-760MA Fregat-MA/Top Plate 3-D air search radar and MR-320M Topaz-V/Strut Pair air/surface search radar
Sonar: Horse Tail LF VDS sonar and Horse Jaw bow mounted LF sonar
Fire Control: 2 MR-360 Podkat/Cross Sword SA-N-9 SAM control, 2 3P37/Hot Flash SA-N-11 SAM control, Garpun-BAL SSM targeting
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Bell Squat jammer
Bell Shroud intercept
Bell Crown intercept
2 x PK-2 decoy RL
10 x PK-10 decoy RL in later ships
Armament: Missiles:
• 8 (2 x 4) SS-N-14 Silex anti submarine missiles (2x4 SS-N-22 Sunburn ASCM in Udaloy II),
• 64 (8 x 8 vertical launchers) SA-N-9 Gauntlet surface to air missiles
• 2 x Kortik SAM (SA-N-11)
Guns:
• 2 x 1 100mm/70cal DP guns( 1 x 2 AK-130 130mm guns on Udaloy II)
• 4 x 30mm AA guns (4 x6 AK-630 CIWS 30mm gattling guns in Udaloy II)
Torpedoes and others:
• 2 x 4 553mm Torpedo tubes ( RPK-2 Viyuga/ SS-N-15)
• 2 xRBU-6000 anti submarine rocket launchers (2 x 10 RBU-Udav ASW RL in UdaloyII)
Aircraft carried: 2 Ka-27 'Helix' series helicopters
Aviation facilities: helicopter deck and hangar

The Udaloy I class are a series of anti-submarine destroyers built for the Soviet Navy, eight of which are currently in service with the Russian Navy. The Russian designation is Project 1155 Fregat (Frigate bird). Twelve ships were built between 1980 and 1991, while a thirteenth ship built to a modified design as the Udaloy II class followed in 1999. It complements the Sovremenny class destroyer in Anti-aircraft warfare and Anti-surface warfare operations.

Design history[edit]

The Project 1155 dates to the 1970s when it was concluded that it was too costly to build large-displacement, multi-role combatants. The concept of a specialized surface ship was developed by Soviet designers. Two different types of warships were laid down which were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau: Project 956 destroyer and Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship. The Udaloy class are generally considered the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance class destroyers. There are variations in SAM and air search radar among units of the class. Based on the Krivak class, the emphasis on ASW left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.

Udaloy II[edit]

Following Udaloy's commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities. The Project 1155.1 Fregat II Class Large ASW Ships (NATO Codename Udaloy II), Russia's only multipurpose destroyer, is the Russian counterpart to the American Arleigh Burke class ships.

The Udaloy-II is modified by the replacement of the SS-N-14 by the SS-N-22, reflecting a change in emphasis from ASW to anti-shipping, however, her standoff ASW capability is retained by firing SS-N-15 missiles from the torpedo tubes. Other upgrades and modifications include an improved self-defense capability with the addition of the gun/SAM CIWS systems.

Similar to Udaloy externally, it was a new configuration with the Moskit antiship missiles, a twin 130 mm gun, the Udav antitorpedo system and several anti-aircraft systems.

Powered by a modern gas turbine engine, it is equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry. The original MGK-355 Polinom integrated sonar system (with NATO reporting names Horse Jaw and Horse Tail respectively for the hull mounted and towed portions) on Udaloy-I ships is replaced by its successor, a newly designed Zvezda M-2 sonar system that has a range in excess of 100 km in the 2nd convergence zone.

The Zvezda sonar system is considered by its designers to be the equivalent of American AN/SQS-53 in terms of overall performance, though much bulkier and heavier than its American counterpart: the length of the hull mounted portion is near 30 meters. The torpedo approaching warning function of Polinom sonar system is retained and further improved by its successor Zvezda sonar system.

In 2006 the Northern Fleet's Project 1155 Udaloy I-class destroyer Admiral Kharlamov was reported to have been programmed for a planned overhaul and upgraded to the Udaloy II class.

In 2008 Admiral Chabanenko became the first Russian warship to transit the Panama Canal since World War II[2]

In April 2010 Severnaya Verf shipyard announced that the destroyer Vice-Admiral Kulakov, which had been abandoned since 1990, was being upgraded to the Udaloy II class and will resume patrolling in 2013.

The Kulakov is currently deployed in the Mediterranean Sea and its home base is Russia's Northern Fleet.[3][4][5]

Ships[edit]

 Name   Russian   Laid down   Launched   Commissioned   Status 
Udaloy I class (Russian type BPK - Large ASW Ship)
Udaloy «Удалой» (bold) 23 July 1977 5 February 1980 31 December 1980 Decommissioned in 1997, scrapped at Murmansk in 2002
Vice-Admiral Kulakov «Вице-адмирал Кулаков» after (Nikolay Mikhailovich Kulakov) 4 November 1977 16 May 1980 29 December 1981 Retired in 1991. Repaired, recomissioned in 2010, in service as of 2014
Marshal Vasilyevsky «Маршал Василевский» after (Aleksandr Vasilevsky) 22 April 1979 29 December 1981 8 December 1983 Removed from service
Admiral Zakharov «Адмирал Захаров» after (Semen Egorovich Zakharov) 16 October 1981 4 November 1982 30 December 1983 Caught fire in 1992 and scrapped
Admiral Spiridonov «Адмирал Спиридонов» after (Emil Nikolayevich Spiridonov) 11 April 1982 28 April 1984 30 December 1984 Decommissioned in 2001
Admiral Tributs «Адмирал Трибуц» (after Vladimir Filippovich Tributs) 19 April 1980 26 March 1983 30 December 1985 Caught fire in 1991, but returned to service. Serving with the Russian Pacific Fleet
Marshal Shaposhnikov «Маршал Шапошников» (after Boris Mikhailovich Shaposhnikov) 25 May 1983 27 December 1984 30 December 1985 In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet
Severomorsk «Североморск» (after Severomorsk) 12 June 1984 24 December 1985 30 December 1987 In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet
Admiral Levchenko «Адмирал Левченко» (after Gordey Ivanovich Levchenko) 27 January 1982 21 February 1985 30 September 1988 In service with the Russian Northern Fleet
Admiral Vinogradov «Адмирал Виноградов» after (Nikolay Ignatyevich Vinogradov) 5 February 1986 4 June 1987 30 December 1988 In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet
Admiral Kharlamov «Адмирал Харламов» after (Nikolay Mikhaylovich Kharlamov) 5 February 1986 4 June 1987 30 December 1988 In service with the Russian Northern Fleet
Admiral Panteleyev «Адмирал Пантелеев» after (Yuriy Aleksandrovich Panteleyev) 28 January 1988 7 February 1990 19 December 1991 In service with the Russian Pacific Fleet
Udaloy II class
Admiral Chabanenko «Адмирал Чабаненко» after (Andrey Trofimovich Chabanenko) 28 February 1989 16 June 1994 28 January 1999 In service with the Russian Northern Fleet
Admiral Basisty «Адмирал Басистый» after (Nikolay Efremovich Basistyy) 1991 Scrapped in 1994
Admiral Kucherov «Адмирал Кучеров» after (Stepan Grigorievich Kucherov) 1991 Scrapped in 1993

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Противолодочные корабли, Том III, часть 1, "Корабли ВМФ СССР", Ю.В. Апалков, Санкт-Петербург, 2005
  2. ^ "Russian ship enters Panama Canal". BBC News Online. December 6, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  3. ^ Kramnik, Ilya (11 December 2009). "Russian Navy's days could be numbered". Moscow: RIA Novosti. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Russian North Fleet destroyer to rejoin fleet after 18 years". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  5. ^ "Russian Naval Destroyer Moving to Mediterranean". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Media related to Udaloy class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons