Udbina

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Udbina
Croatian Church built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
Croatian Church built in Udbina in honour of the people who died in the Battle of Krbava.
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
The Udbina municipality within Lika-Senj County
Udbina is located in Croatia
Udbina
Udbina
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 44°31′50″N 15°45′56″E / 44.5306°N 15.7656°E / 44.5306; 15.7656
Country  Croatia
County Lika-Senj County
Government
 • Mayor Ivan Pešut (HDZ)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,874
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Udbina is a village and a municipality in the Lika region of Croatia. It is an administratively part of in the Lika-Senj County.

Geography[edit]

The village is located in the large karst field called Krbava. The field has a small airport, the only one in Lika.

History[edit]

The Krbava field and Udbina itself was the location of a medieval bishopric and the Battle of Krbava field of September 9, 1493, where the Croats under ban Emerik Derenčin (Hungarian: Imre Derencsényi) and the Frankopans suffered one of the major defeats at the hands of the Ottoman Empire. She was managed by Ottomans between 1527-1699 and included at Sanjak of Lika in the Province of Bosnia.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Udbina was part of the Lika-Krbava County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

During World War II, Udbina was part of the Independent State of Croatia. In December 1942, the Croatian population was expelled from the town.[1][full citation needed][dead link] The Catholic Church of St. Nicholas was subsequently destroyed.[2]

The Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas (filial of the Church of the Holy Transfiguration of Mutilić) was destroyed in World War II.[3]

After the war the population became mostly ethnic Serb. Udbina had a football club named "Krbava".

Udbina was under control of the Serb forces during the Croatian War of Independence (1991-1995). The local airport was used as airbase for offensive operations against Croatia and Bosnia, in direct defiance of NATO's Operation Deny Flight. The airstrip was eventually disabled by a 39 aircraft-strong strike on 21 November 1994.[4]

The Catholic Church has built the Church of Croatian Martyrs in Udbina, to commemorate the town's role in the distant and recent history of the nation: the Battle of Krbava Field in 1493 and the recent war for independence in the 1990s.

Population/Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census, there were 1,874 residents in the municipality, of which 51% Serbs and 45% Croats.[5]

The settlements in the municipality are (census 2011):[6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]