|Elevation||632 m (2,073 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Latur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Udgir|
Udgir is a town with a municipal council in Latur District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is also the headquarters for the Udgir subdivision and Udgir Taluka. It is located very near to Karnataka Border. The town is famous for education and the Udgir Fort.
From 2001 to 2011 the population of Udgir Taluka rose from 263,989 to 311,457 for an increase of 17.98%. The female/male gender ratio worsened from 929 (females per thousand males) in 2001 to 911 (females per thousand males) in 2011. Literacy increased from 74.21% in 2001 to 85.78% in 2011. Udgir has an average literacy rate of 85.78%, which is higher than the national average percentage: male literacy is 91.59%, and female literacy is 79.43%. According to the 2011 census, Udgir has 13% population under 6 years of age. The main source of income here is agriculture and small scale industries. In addition to Marathi, Kannada is also spoken.
Udgir has a great historical significance. It has witnessed the war between the Maratha's and the Nizam's of Hyderabad which took place in 1761. The Maratha's led by Sadashivrao Bhau defeated the Nizam and the treaty of Udgir was signed. The fort of Udgir stands in all its glory speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40 feet deep trench as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces called Durbar halls and most importantly the Samadhi of Udagir Maharaj, which is 60 feet under the normal ground level. This is a place of great importance for the people of the region.
The Udgir city has a glorious historical background and is known for the well built fort from pre-Bahamani age. It is also famous for the historic Battle of Udgir between Maratha Empire, led by Sadashivrao Bhau who defeated Nizam in 1759 when the treaty of Udgir was signed. Marathas got a convincing victory in the battle of Udgir under the able leadership of brave warrior Sadashivrao Bhau. Later it prompted Peshwe (Peshwas) of Pune to promote/elevate and designate him as Chief Commander of the Maratha Army for the Third Battle of Panipat fought in 1761. Nevertheless it was part of Nizam until 1948 and State of Hyderabad between 1948 and 1956 before annexing to Bombay State with entire Marathwada.
Around Panchkrushi of Udgir city and the fort in particular, there are old observation points, buildings, and establishments [all well built& mostly Table Tops with special white clay (shadu=cement) and varieties of mixed stones] scattered over many kilometers, mostly on the hills in every directions. They were used by the military for protection and point of views, and are now used for a few resorts, rest houses, mahals (like small palaces); without exceptions those are disfigured and destroyed. This is something very serious to be looked into and taken care earnestly by the government authorities.
The fort of Udgir still stands in all its glory, speaking volumes about the Indian history and Indian culture. The fort is bounded by a 40 ft deep trench, as the fort is built at the ground level. In the fort are several palaces Durbar halls and the Samadhi of Udaygir Maharaj which is 60 feet under ground level. Udgir was named after the famous Hindu Saint Udagir Rushi. This is a place of great importance for the people of the region.
It is believed that the Udgir fort has a direct deep underground soorang (tunnel) connection with Bhalki and the Bidar Forts.
Udgir as an education hub
Situated in South East Maharashtra, Udgir Taluka has achieved remarkable development. It has introduced revolutionary study techniques for the intensely competitive 10th and 12th standard examinations. Udgir created academic history with many of its students topping the Maharashtra State merit list.
The town is an important commercial center for nearby villages. The cattle market of Udgir is known mainly on account of the Devani breed of Bull, which is not merely a graceful herbivore but an equally efficient friend of the farmer.
The main occupation of about 86% people of Udgir is agricultrue. Agriculture here is the best source of income because of vast agricultural land and sufficient water availability. The soil and vegetation of Udgir are related to the climate and the geology. The soil as a part of Deccan plateau is made up of black basalt soil. This type of soil is rich in humus. It is best suitaible for cultivation of cotton. The main source of water is being monsoon rains and other private water sources. The main crops that are cultivated are wholegrains including jowar, bajra, wheat, sorghum, mung, tur, urad, gram Soyabeans, sugarcane, Onions and other green leafy vegetables.
Udgir is famous in Latur District for its primary school education. It has many good Primary and Secondary schools. And many higher studies institutes & some other colleges like
List of important schools:
1. Vidya Vardhini High School,Udgir
2. Vidya Vardhini English School,Udgir
3. Al-Ameen High School,Udgir
4. Lal Bahadur Shastri Vidyalaya High School,Udgir
5. Deccan High School,Udgir
6. Shymlal Smarak Vidyalaya High School,Udgir
7. Sangram Smarak Vidyalaya, Udgir
8. Rajarshi Shahu Vidyalaya,udgir
List of Important Colleges :
1. Shivaji Mahavidyalay, Udgir
2. Maharashtra Udaygiri College, Udgir
3. Swami Vivekanand College of Information & Technology, Udgir
4. Government Veterinary & animal husbandary college, Udgir
5. Dhanvantari Ayurvedic college, Udgir
6. Maharashtra Udaygiri college of Engineering & Management, Udgir
7. Rajiv Gandhi Polytechnic College, Udgir
8. LalBahadur Shastri College of Polytechnic, Udgir
9. Hawgiswamy College of Arts, Science & Commerce, Udgir
10.Jamhoor High School & junier College, Udgir
11. Gnanodaya High School, Udgir
Udgir is well connected with rest of India mainly by Roads and Railways.
'Railways :" Direct trains are available to Udgir from Hyderabad, Aurangabad, Pune, Bangalore, Secundrabad, Latur, Nanded, Osmanabad, Shirdi, Kakinada and Tirupati. Udgir falls under the Divisional Headquarters of South Central Railway.
Roads : Udgir is 590 kilometres east of Mumbai (the state capital) by road. A 7 hours drive away from Aurangabad, 8 hours from Pune and 4 hours from Hyderabad. Maharashtra State bus services operate out of Udgir providing easy overnight connectivity with including almost every major city in Maharashtra.
Air : Nearest domestic airport is at Latur(65 km)from Udgir and another airport is at Nanded(120 km) from where daily flights for State Capital Mumbai are available. Nearest international and also another domestic airport to Udgir is at Hyderabad (210 kilometres).
In Udgir the main occupation of about 86% people is Agricultrue. Agriculture here is the best source of income because of vast agricultural land and sufficient water availability. The soil and vegetation of Udgir are related to the climate and the geology. The soil as a part of Deccan plateau is made up of black basalt soil. This type of soil is rich in humus. It is best suitaible for cultivation of cotton. The main source of water is being monsoon rains and other private water sources. The main crops that are cultivated here are wholegrains including Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Sorghum, Mung, Tur, Urad, Gram, Soyabeans, Sugarcane, Onions and other Green leafy vegetables.
A vast agriculture land is situated in and around Udgir in different villages. Cattles bred here are Buffalo, Cow, Ox'es, Poltry, Sheep, etc. As availability of plenty of milk and milk products a milk dairy was established in early 80's and soared a high in milk and milk products production. The dairy also emerged as an employment resource. Due to gradually low production, the dairy has a standstill nowadays.
Udgir is a good consumer market for vegetables and fruits due to its local vendorship, i.e. Easy availability from nearby farms.
Udgir due to good production of whole grains and dal have many small scale mills situated in and nearby udgir.
Presently, the town has five cinema halls.
1. Kalpana 70MM A/C
2. Big Cinema's Usha - 2 Screens 70MM A/C
3. Uma 70MM A/C
4. Jagruti 70MM
5. Uday cinema hall
Banking in Udgir
5. IDBI Bank
6. ICICI Bank
11. HDFC Bank Udgir
16. Sangli Sahakari Bank.
17. Axis Bank
18. Bank of Baroda
20. Bank Of India
- "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Latur District". National Informatics Centre, Government of India.
- Udgīr (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.