|удин муз, udin muz[needs IPA]|
|Native to||Azerbaijan, Russia, Georgia|
|Region||Azerbaijan (Qabala and Oguz), Russia (North Caucasus), Georgia (Kvareli), and Armenia (Tavush)|
|3,800 in Azerbaijan (2009 census)
2,800 in Russia and Georgia (no date); unknown number Armenia
The Udi language, spoken by the Udi people, is a member of the Lezgic branch of the Northeast Caucasian language family. It is believed an earlier form of it was the main language of Caucasian Albania, which stretched from south Dagestan to current day Azerbaijan. The Old Udi language is also called the Caucasian Albanian language and possibly corresponds to the "Gargarian" language identified by medieval Armenian historians. Modern Udi is known simply as Udi.
The language is spoken by about 4,000 people in the Azerbaijani village of Nij in Qabala rayon, in Oghuz rayon, as well as in parts of the North Caucasus in Russia. It is also spoken by ethnic Udis living in the villages of Debetavan, Bagratashen, Ptghavan, and Haghtanak in Tavush Province of northeastern Armenia and in the village of Zinobiani (Oktomberi) in the Kvareli District of the Kakheti province of Georgia.
The Udi language can most appropriately be broken up into five historical stages:
|Early Udi||around 2000 B.C. - 300 A.D.|
|Old Udi||300 - 900|
|Middle Udi||900 - 1800|
|Early Modern Udi||1800 - 1920|
|Modern Udi||1920 - present|
Udi is agglutinating with a tendency towards being fusional. Udi affixes are mostly suffixes or infixes, but there exist a few prefixes. Old Udi used mostly suffixes. Most affixes are restricted to specific parts of speech. Some affixes behave as clitics. The word order is SOV.
|i iˤ (y)||u uˤ|
|ɛ ɛˤ (œ)||ə||ɔ ɔˤ|
The Old Udi language used the Caucasian Albanian alphabet. As evidenced by Old Udi documents discovered at Saint Catherine's Monastery in Egypt dating from the 7th century, the Old Udi language used 50 of the 52 letters identified by Armenian scholars in later centuries as having been used in Udi language texts.
- The Sociolinguistic Situation of the Udi in Azerbaijan – John M. Clifton, Deborah A. Clifton, Peter Kirk, and Roar Ljøkjell
- Udi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, & Charles D. Fennig, ed. (2013). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (17th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Udi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Gippert, Jost; Wolfgang Schulze (2007). "Some Remarks on the Caucasian Albanian Palimsest". Iran and the Caucasus (Leiden, Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV) 11: 208, 201–212. doi:10.1163/157338407X265441.
- Gippert; Schulze. p. 210. Missing or empty
- Gippert; Schulze. p. 201. Missing or empty
- Published in: Encyclopedia of the world’s endangered languages. Edited by Christopher Moseley. London & New York: Routledge, 2007. 211–280.
- UNESCO Interactive Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
- Schulze, Wolfgang (2005). "Towards a History of Udi" (PDF). International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics: 7, 1–27. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Schulze (2005). p. 23. Missing or empty
- Schulze (2005). p. 22. Missing or empty
- Gippert; Schulze. p. 206. Missing or empty
- Schulze, Wolfgang (2002): The Udi language http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~wschulze/The%20Udi%20language.htm
- Harris, Alice (1990): History in Support of Synchrony, Department of Linguistics, SUNY Stony Brook, p. 7 http://elanguage.net/journals/index.php/bls/article/viewFile/787/678
- Gippert; Schulze. p. 202. Missing or empty
- Hewitt, George (2004): Introduction to the Study of the Languages of the Caucasus. LINCOM, Munich. Page 57.
- Consonant Systems of the Northeast Caucasian Languages on TITUS DIDACTICA
- Gippert; Schulze. p. 207. Missing or empty
- Appendix:Cyrillic script
- The Udi Language: A grammatical description with sample text - Wolfgang Schulze 2001
- Udi basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database
- The Udis
- Historical map
- A Functional Grammar of Udi, Wolfgang Schulze, 2002
- A Functional Grammar of Udi, Wolfgang Schulze, 2006
- The cognitive dimension of clausal organization in Udi, Wolfgang Schulze, 2000
- The Udi language, Wolfgang Schulze, 2002
- John M. Clifton: The Sociolinguistic Situation of the Udi in Azerbaijan. SIL International, 2005. (PDF-Datei; 206 kB)