Udon Thani Province
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|Motto: 'หนองประจักษ์คู่เมือง ลือเลื่องแหล่งธรรมะ อารยธรรมบ้านเชียงมรดกโลกห้าพันปี ธานีผ้าหมี่ขิด ธรรมชาติเนรมิตทะเลบัวแดง|
|• Governor||Amnat Phakarat|
|• Total||11,730 km2 (4,530 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (340/sq mi)|
|Human Development Index|
|• HDI (2010)||0.810 (very high) (1st)|
|Accession into Kingdom of Thailand||1868|
|Accession into Kingdom of Thailand||1932|
The provincial capital is Udon Thani, the first city in Udon Thani.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Climate
- 4 Population and demographics
- 5 Administration
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 Media
- 10 Image gallery
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Udon Thani is said to mean Northern City. The origin of the name Udon Thani is lost in history.
Udon Thani first marked its name in the Bangkok era's history when Anuwong staged an uprising and marched the Laotians' troops to Nakhon Ratchasrima during 1826 to 1828. Met with fierce resistance from the local troops led by Lady Mo/Existed during Rama 5, wife to Nakhon Ratchasrima Governor, Anuwong was forced to move the troops back to Nongbua Lampoo, the city close to the present-day Udon Thani, and the Laotians eventually lost to Siam’s troops and the local Nongbua Lampoo’s militia.
Formerly known as Ban Mak-kaeng, Udon Thani was first settled as a military base led by Prince Prachak to crack down on minority uprising in then north eastern state of Lao Puan. Ban Mak-kaeng has evolved from a rural city eventually into what is known as the present-day Udon Thani.
The province is most famous for the archeological site Ban Chiang with its remains of the Bronze age, located in what is now a hamlet about 85 miles east of Udon. Udon is one of the more bustling markets for agricultural goods in the relatively dry northeast of Thailand, and received its biggest economic boost in the 1960s when the US built the Udon Royal Thai Air Force Base as a joint-force military base during the Vietnam War. (the Mel Gibson film Air America refers to Udon and includes shots from the Udon military base.) Udon Thani was also the largest base in the region for CIA's anti-communism campaign.
The U.S. turned the base over to the Thai military in 1976, but there were three significant after-effects of the base's US presence. First, a number of the natives in the area were paid well and learned English, which helped them become more marketable to the outside world (a significant percentage of the more educated group now work in the Middle East oilfields). Second, the base created ties, including a US Consulate in Udon, which was closed in 1995, and a US Veterans of Foreign Wars Post. Finally, the base and the consulate caused the city to be viewed as a regional hub, and this impression has continued.
In recent years the province has received international attention due to the discovery of a large potash deposit in the area and some anticipate that the region will become a major exporter of the mineral. Beginning the mining process of gaining licensure has been substantially delayed due to public opposition to the mine. Many of the villagers who live directly above the proposed mine site have expressed concern that the company and its Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) have not adequately addressed concerns of salinization of groundwater and soil or land subsidence. Both would threaten the economic stability of local communities that rely primarily on income derived from rice farming.
|Climate data for Udon Thani (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.0
|Average low °C (°F)||16.5
|Rainfall mm (inches)||6.3
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||1||3||4||8||16||18||18||21||18||8||2||1||118|
|Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)|
Population and demographics
Udon Thani's geographical position in the north of Northeastern Thailand and being near Laotian capital Vientiane contributed to the province's rapid development as Thailand's transportation and industrial hub. This created jobs and attracted migrants from other states as well as overseas, especially from Indonesia, the Philippines, Vietnam, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and China. In recent decades, the influx of illegal immigrants, particularly from Vietnam, has further contributed to Udon Thani's population.
|1||Mueang Udon Thani||397,049|
|8||Nong Wua So||61,658|
|9||Wang Sam Mo||55,730|
Udon Thani has the population of 1,548,107 as of 2010. The province's ethnic composition consists of Lao, Chinese, and other ethnic groups. The most populated cities in Udon Thani as of 2010 are:
|4||Non Sung - Nam Kham||10,008|
List of districts
Udon Thani is divided into 20 administrative districts (another 5 are now in Nong Bua Lamphu Province):
Udon Thani is linked to the rest of Thailand by comprehensive air, road and rail connections. Public transportation is represented in Udon Thani, although it is underutilized, as is the case in Bangkok. Most of the major highways that run through the northeastern part, including the Mittraphap Road, serve Udon Thani as well.
Udon Thani has several tertiary education institutions. Most of these academic centres are concentrated in major towns and cities in Udon Thani:
|Udon Thani Rajabhat University||UDRU||1923||Mueang Udon Thani|
Private universities and university colleges
|Santapol College||STU||1998||Mueang Udon Thani|
Notable hospitals in Udon Thani are listed below:
Television in Udon Thani consists of thirteen free-to-air stations, one satellite television network and two internet television services. Seven of the thirteen free-to-air stations are broadcast from Laos (with 4 foreign relay stations). All of Thai stations are broadcasting from capital Bangkok, except for NBT which has two hours of local programming.
- National Broadcasting Services of Thailand (NBT)
- Royal Thai Army
- Lao National Television
- Vietnam Television
- China Central Television
- Satellite television
- Internet television
Radio stations in Udon Thani are available in the FM frequency.
Commercial radio stations available in Udon Thani include Radio One (88.5), New Music (89.0), Cool FM (89.3), SR Radio (89.9), UFM (90.25), Kiss FM (90.75), NN Radio (91.75), Big FM (92.5), Udon FM (97.0), Nice FM (97.25), Live Hits (98.0), WOW FM (98.25),Sayamchai FM (98.5), OK Love (100.0), P Radio (104.4), Mittaphap FM (104.75), Isama Radio (105.25), Wansabai Radio (106.5) and Hit FM (107.0). Commercial radio stations are operated by a few media companies.
Local community radio stations include Rajabhat University Radio (107.7) operated by Udon Thani Rajabhat University (only available in Udon Thani and Phen), EFM (101.25) and Education Radio (96.0) which targets the university students.
The seven government radio networks available are Modern Radio (91.5), NBT (93.75), Parliament FM (87.5), Post FM (99.0), Border Patrol FM (100.25), Police FM (105.75), Air Force FM (104.0). The regions of Udon Thani that border other provinces can also receive two other MCOT radio stations; Khon Kaen FM (Udon Thani-Khon Kaen border) and Nong Khai FM (Udon Thani-Nong Khai border).
- Udon Thani Provincial Office (1985), Udon Thani: A History of a Provincial Administration, Bangkok: Amarin Printing.
||Loei||Sakhrai/Mueang, Nong Khai|
|Sawang Daen Din, Sakon Nakhon|
|Nong Bua Lamphu||Khao Suan Kwang / Kranuan, Khon Kaen||Kalasin|