|Classification||Percussion instrument, goatskin heads|
|Bolt tuned or rope tuned with dowels and hammer|
|damaru, idakka, dhad|
The udukai or uduku is a membranophone instrument used in folk music and prayers in South India. Its shape is similar to other Indian hourglass drums, having a small snare stretched over one side. The udaku is played with the hand and the pitch may be altered by squeezing the lacing in the middle. The damru in the hands of Lord Shiva is also referred to as udukai.
South Asia : The Indian Subcontinent. (Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 5). Routledge; Har/Com edition (November 1999). ISBN 978-0-8240-4946-1