Ugandan general election, 2006

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The Ugandan general election of 2006 took place on February 23, 2006. This was the first multiparty election since Yoweri Museveni, the current president, took over power in 1986. Six candidates contested for the Presidential office, and at least 33 parties were expected to enter the Parliamentary and District chairperson elections.

Yoweri Museveni ran for re-election. His main opponent the leader of the opposition party Forum for Democratic Change, Kizza Besigye. Besigye was arrested on November 14, 2005 on allegations of treason, concealment of treason, and rape. The treason case included his alleged links to the rebel groups, Lord's Resistance Army and People's Redemption Army, and the rape charge referred to an incident in November 1997 allegedly involving the daughter of a friend. The arrest led to demonstrations and riots in Kampala and towns around the country. Pro-Besigye protesters believed the charges were fabricated to stop Besigye from challenging Museveni.

In December 2005, six presidential candidates, including Yoweri Museveni and the leaders of the three major opposition political parties, and two independents, qualified to contest in the elections.

Registered presidential candidates[edit]

Justice Forum leader Muhammad Kibirige Mayanja and Conservative Party's Ken Lukyamuzi decided not to contest, but said they would support a joint candidate agreed to by the "Group of Six"[1] opposition political parties. Independent candidate Nasser Sebaggala registered, but later decided to quit the presidential race, and asked his supporters to vote for the DP's Kizito.

Results[edit]

Official figures released on February 25, 2006 showed Museveni had won 59% of the vote, giving him a third term as President, while main rival Kizza Besigye took 37%. Opposition supporters in Kampala staged some protests but were dispersed by riot police with tear gas.[2] On 6 April, the Supreme Court of Uganda rejected Besigye's request to dismiss the poll by a vote of four to three, though a majority agreed that there had been electoral irregularities.[3]


e • d Summary of the 23 February 2006 Ugandan presidential election results
Candidates - nominating parties Votes %
Yoweri Museveni - National Resistance Movement 4,109,449 59.26
Kizza Besigye - Forum for Democratic Change 2,592,954 37.39
John Ssebaana Kizito - Democratic Party 109,583 1.58
Abed Bwanika - Independent 65,874 0.95
Miria Obote - Uganda People's Congress 57,071 0.82
Total 6,934,931 100.00
Source: New Vision newspaper, Electoral Commission of Uganda
e • d Summary of the 23 February 2006 National Assembly of Uganda election results
Parties Votes % Constituency
seats
District
woman reps.
Indirect
seats
Total
seats
National Resistance Movement 142 49 14 205
Forum for Democratic Change 27 10 - 37
Uganda People's Congress 9 - - 9
Democratic Party 8 - - 8
Conservative Party 1 - - 1
Justice Forum 1 - - 1
Independents 26 10 1 37
Vacant 1 - - 1
Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives 10
Ex-officio members 10
Total (turnout 72 %) 215 69 15 319
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union

Note on the Distribution of seats:
Constituency seats refers to directly elected constituency representatives (215)
District Woman Reps. refers to directly elected District Woman Representatives (69)
Indirect seats include: Representatives of the Youth (5), Representatives of Persons with Disabilities (5), and Representatives of Workers (5)

e • d 23 February 2006 Ugandan presidential election results by district
District Registered Voters Abed Bwanika Besigye Kizza Obote Kalule Miria Sebana Joseph Kizito Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
Adjumani District 49447 779 (2.38%) 19919 (60.75%) 165 (0.5%) 648 (1.98%) 11277 (34.39%)
Amolatar District 33020 304 (1.23%) 16462 (66.44%) 440 (1.78%) 460 (1.86%) 7112 (28.7%)
Amuria District 65691 1063 (2.46%) 33602 (77.73%) 594 (1.37%) 709 (1.64%) 7260 (16.79%)
Apac District 240639 3335 (2.1%) 115840 (72.81%) 11019 (6.93%) 3272 (2.06%) 25625 (16.11%)
Arua District 281954 4435 (2.45%) 103133 (56.95%) 2158 (1.19%) 3941 (2.18%) 67436 (37.24%)
Bugiri District 177525 1091 (0.93%) 39632 (33.88%) 771 (0.66%) 1026 (0.88%) 74457 (63.65%)
Bukwa District 23925 114 (0.66%) 1286 (7.39%) 36 (0.21%) 90 (0.52%) 15865 (91.23%)
Bundibugyo District 89035 1102 (1.9%) 10691 (18.41%) 363 (0.63%) 1169 (2.01%) 44735 (77.05%)
Bushenyi District 308013 1082 (0.47%) 51050 (22.14%) 299 (0.13%) 1212 (0.53%) 176909 (76.73%)
Busia District 111091 896 (1.19%) 28817 (38.17%) 872 (1.16%) 885 (1.17%) 44020 (58.31%)
Butaleja District 69822 608 (1.26%) 17176 (35.64%) 919 (1.91%) 459 (0.95%) 29026 (60.23%)
Gulu District 215953 2406 (1.89%) 104910 (82.37%) 1423 (1.12%) 1793 (1.41%) 16827 (13.21%)
Hoima District 133384 663 (0.71%) 14697 (15.77%) 312 (0.33%) 545 (0.58%) 76952 (82.59%)
Ibanda District 87951 198 (0.31%) 6734 (10.52%) 55 (0.09%) 281 (0.44%) 56726 (88.64%)
Iganga District 286740 1021 (0.57%) 52459 (29.26%) 729 (0.41%) 1075 (0.6%) 124025 (69.17%)
Isingiro District 142507 322 (0.29%) 14745 (13.33%) 103 (0.09%) 433 (0.39%) 95040 (85.9%)
Jinja District 163681 526 (0.53%) 43834 (44.03%) 487 (0.49%) 453 (0.46%) 54259 (54.5%)
Kaabong District 41861 526 (2.18%) 1807 (7.49%) 494 (2.05%) 1001 (4.15%) 20302 (84.14%)
Kabale District 214840 547 (0.36%) 34244 (22.79%) 152 (0.1%) 395 (0.26%) 114919 (76.48%)
Kabarole District 153042 438 (0.42%) 14961 (14.42%) 202 (0.19%) 988 (0.95%) 87154 (84.01%)
Kaberamaido District 60437 711 (1.59%) 34612 (77.19%) 536 (1.2%) 630 (1.4%) 8351 (18.62%)
Kalangala District 24200 118 (0.87%) 5555 (41.19%) 28 (0.21%) 539 (4%) 7246 (53.73%)
Kaliro District 59288 227 (0.51%) 4121 (9.2%) 87 (0.19%) 285 (0.64%) 40076 (89.46%)
Kampala District 764283 3045 (0.7%) 245004 (56.69%) 1425 (0.33%) 11993 (2.78%) 170688 (39.5%)
Kamuli District 207242 846 (0.61%) 25187 (18.03%) 431 (0.31%) 1016 (0.73%) 112236 (80.33%)
Kamwenge District 127799 365 (0.39%) 8909 (9.53%) 97 (0.1%) 632 (0.68%) 83436 (89.29%)
Kanungu District 96091 344 (0.49%) 16109 (22.86%) 61 (0.09%) 359 (0.51%) 53600 (76.06%)
Kapchorwa District 61891 265 (0.62%) 9296 (21.67%) 80 (0.19%) 112 (0.26%) 33144 (77.26%)
Kasese District 210826 1507 (1.12%) 70936 (52.61%) 499 (0.37%) 1598 (1.19%) 60301 (44.72%)
Katakwi District 45494 894 (2.79%) 16845 (52.51%) 435 (1.36%) 963 (3%) 12940 (40.34%)
Kayunga District 126005 477 (0.59%) 24044 (29.65%) 395 (0.49%) 1030 (1.27%) 55152 (68.01%)
Kibaale District 180770 591 (0.46%) 10577 (8.22%) 453 (0.35%) 1027 (0.8%) 116059 (90.17%)
Kiboga District 115852 358 (0.5%) 11168 (15.52%) 111 (0.15%) 861 (1.2%) 59478 (82.64%)
Kiruhura District 104992 178 (0.2%) 6282 (6.92%) 100 (0.11%) 168 (0.19%) 84046 (92.59%)
Kisoro District 99391 326 (0.41%) 5175 (6.53%) 164 (0.21%) 669 (0.84%) 72896 (92.01%)
Kitgum District 115010 1588 (2.21%) 54293 (75.47%) 1020 (1.42%) 1478 (2.05%) 13562 (18.85%)
Koboko District 48973 1041 (3.58%) 16858 (57.94%) 192 (0.66%) 663 (2.28%) 10343 (35.55%)
Kotido District 56559 362 (1.17%) 2694 (8.7%) 273 (0.88%) 788 (2.55%) 26842 (86.7%)
Kumi District 158510 2268 (2.05%) 75440 (68.09%) 1083 (0.98%) 1598 (1.44%) 30398 (27.44%)
Kyenjojo District 150354 523 (0.48%) 7152 (6.61%) 300 (0.28%) 940 (0.87%) 99291 (91.76%)
Lira District 247272 3133 (2.07%) 121568 (80.41%) 11516 (7.62%) 2982 (1.97%) 11986 (7.93%)
Luweero District 148042 683 (0.73%) 28253 (30.38%) 241 (0.26%) 2394 (2.57%) 61439 (66.06%)
Manafwa District 163807 693 (0.61%) 26935 (23.75%) 470 (0.41%) 609 (0.54%) 84688 (74.68%)
Masaka District 317684 1155 (0.54%) 78553 (36.65%) 197 (0.09%) 7856 (3.67%) 126561 (59.05%)
Masindi District 195112 1417 (1.19%) 29555 (24.88%) 945 (0.8%) 1403 (1.18%) 85447 (71.95%)
Mayuge District 128811 652 (0.86%) 26183 (34.49%) 623 (0.82%) 642 (0.85%) 47824 (62.99%)
Mbale District 162767 620 (0.63%) 47856 (48.37%) 455 (0.46%) 509 (0.51%) 49507 (50.03%)
Mbarara District 175401 339 (0.28%) 28270 (23.05%) 160 (0.13%) 287 (0.23%) 93571 (76.31%)
Mityana District 114425 370 (0.48%) 22415 (28.85%) 197 (0.25%) 2894 (3.72%) 51825 (66.7%)
Moroto District 63095 735 (2.16%) 2811 (8.28%) 565 (1.66%) 1478 (4.35%) 28363 (83.54%)
Moyo District 42137 685 (2.45%) 14901 (53.38%) 306 (1.1%) 414 (1.48%) 11610 (41.59%)
Mpigi District 168103 576 (0.51%) 32285 (28.42%) 272 (0.24%) 4496 (3.96%) 75988 (66.88%)
Mubende District 197597 633 (0.49%) 14558 (11.35%) 309 (0.24%) 1560 (1.22%) 111232 (86.7%)
Mukono District 345689 1514 (0.71%) 82743 (38.68%) 690 (0.32%) 6134 (2.87%) 122847 (57.42%)
Nakapiripirit District 46070 189 (0.74%) 1390 (5.41%) 146 (0.57%) 310 (1.21%) 23635 (92.07%)
Nakaseke District 63541 204 (0.46%) 6384 (14.29%) 60 (0.13%) 763 (1.71%) 37260 (83.41%)
Nakasongola District 56502 164 (0.42%) 3600 (9.15%) 95 (0.24%) 188 (0.48%) 35284 (89.71%)
Nebbi District 176766 2525 (2.13%) 56663 (47.87%) 2733 (2.31%) 2245 (1.9%) 54208 (45.79%)
Ntungamo District 186127 545 (0.38%) 40283 (28.45%) 169 (0.12%) 538 (0.38%) 100077 (70.67%)
Pader District 122802 1538 (2.21%) 53921 (77.32%) 674 (0.97%) 1303 (1.87%) 12305 (17.64%)
Pallisa District 225241 1883 (1.22%) 70178 (45.5%) 1086 (0.7%) 2037 (1.32%) 79055 (51.25%)
Rakai District 206289 556 (0.4%) 36980 (26.29%) 172 (0.12%) 2248 (1.6%) 100709 (71.59%)
Rukungiri District 122711 363 (0.42%) 29261 (34.26%) 100 (0.12%) 256 (0.3%) 55436 (64.9%)
Sironko District 138013 577 (0.6%) 35855 (37.4%) 239 (0.25%) 518 (0.54%) 58670 (61.2%)
Soroti District 149304 1663 (1.59%) 84217 (80.5%) 773 (0.74%) 971 (0.93%) 16993 (16.24%)
Sembabule District 85016 195 (0.33%) 12567 (21.02%) 107 (0.18%) 610 (1.02%) 46320 (77.46%)
Tororo District 164263 1476 (1.35%) 56528 (51.68%) 2912 (2.66%) 1094 (1%) 47374 (43.31%)
Wakiso District 457962 1720 (0.64%) 125306 (46.51%) 555 (0.21%) 13239 (4.91%) 128620 (47.74%)
Yumbe District 76151 1051 (2.26%) 24297 (52.22%) 454 (0.98%) 893 (1.92%) 19832 (42.62%)
TOTAL 10450788
(65.83%)
65344
(0.95%)
2570572
(37.36%)
56584
(0.82%)
109055
(1.59%)
4078677
(59.28%)
Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda Full Results

Controversy[edit]

The 2006 election was marred by a lot of controversy with the incumbent government accused of intimidating the opposition parties.[4] Examples of this intimidation include the arrest and detention of one of the opposition leaders, Kizza Besigye allegedly on charges of rape and treason.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Group of Six or G6 are the main opposition political parties which include, the Democratic Party, Uganda Peoples Congress, Conservative Party, FDC, The Free Movement and Justice Forum.
  2. ^ Uganda's Museveni wins election, BBC News, 25 February 2006
  3. ^ Uganda court rejects poll protest, BBC News, 6 April 2006
  4. ^ Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, "Uganda: Strength of political opposition following the February 2006 elections; reports of mistreatment of members and supporters of opposition parties by authorities (November 2005 - January 2007)", 22 February 2007
  5. ^ In Hope and Fear: Uganda's Presidential and Parliamentary Polls, Human Rights Watch, February 2006

External links[edit]

Press articles[edit]