Uglegorsk, Amur Oblast

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Uglegorsk (English)
Углегорск (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Uglegorsk is located in Amur Oblast
Uglegorsk
Uglegorsk
Location of Uglegorsk in Amur Oblast
Coordinates: 51°45′37″N 128°07′16″E / 51.76028°N 128.12111°E / 51.76028; 128.12111Coordinates: 51°45′37″N 128°07′16″E / 51.76028°N 128.12111°E / 51.76028; 128.12111
Administrative status (as of December 2008)
Country Russia
Federal subject Amur Oblast
Administratively subordinated to Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[1]
Administrative center of Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2008)
Urban okrug Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Uglegorsk Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Vladimir Tokarev[citation needed]
Representative body Council of People's Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 63.3 km2 (24.4 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 5,892 inhabitants[3]
Population (2013 est.) 5,920 inhabitants[4]
Density 93 /km2 (240 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[6]
Founded 1961[7]
Urban-type settlement status since 1965[citation needed]
Previous names Svobodny-18 (until 1993)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8] 676470
Dialing code(s) +7 41643[citation needed]
Official website

Uglegorsk (Russian: Углего́рск) is a closed urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Amur Oblast, Russia, located on the Bolshaya Pera River (a tributary of the Zeya), 180 kilometers (110 mi) north of Blagoveshchensk and 110 kilometers (68 mi) from the border with China. Population: 5,892 (2010 Census);[3] 5,050 (2002 Census).[9]

History[edit]

From 1969 to 1993, it was called Svobodny-18 and was established in order to serve the nearby ICBM base of the Soviet Armed Forces.[citation needed] The settlement took its name from another urban-type settlement called Svobodny and lies 50 kilometers (31 mi) south of it. The town Uglegorsk was founded in 1961. The closed status was assigned by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 10.19.1965.

In accordance with the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 08.17.1982 all workers' settlements have been attributed to urban-type settlements. Based on the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of 14.07.1992 all closed settlements acquired the status of closed administrative-territorial formations. Based on the order of the Government of Russia of 04.01.1994 №3 the town was renamed to Uglegorsk.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated as Uglegorsk Urban Okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban okrug status.[2]

Infrastructure[edit]

The settlement contains thirty-three blocks of residential homes and a boiler room. There is a middle school, children's arts school, two kindergartens, and a hospital.

Transportation[edit]

Ledyanaya railway station serves Uglegorsk and is located 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from it on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The federal highway Amur also passes there.

Vostochny cosmodrome[edit]

In July 2010, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced that the area would be the site of a new Vostochny cosmodrome ("Eastern Spaceport"), to reduce Russian dependence on the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.[10]

On early December 2011, a public debate held in Uglegorsk with the participation of officials from the Russian space industry in which the town's future in the context of the construction of the new cosmodrome was discussed. It was announced the south-eastern district will be expanded with six-, nine-, and twelve-story buildings designed for the settlement of 12,000 people. The buildings will be built using solid blocks which will be produced in a factory located at Svobodny south of Uglegorsk. The south-east neighborhood will be located on 140 acres near the old part of town.[11]

On late March 2012 it was reported that residents of the town are concerned with increase in crime, a situation the local population associates with a massive influx of temporary workers involved in the construction of infrastructure for the Cosmodrome. Much of the construction workers live in former military barracks, converted into a hostel.[12]

Sports[edit]

The town has a sports complex. Its construction began in 2005 and was planned to be finished by 2009 but due to lack of funding opening was postponed two years later to 2011.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #127-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #127-OZ stipulates that the municipal formations of the oblast are its administrative-territorial divisions.
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2013 года. — М.: Федеральная служба государственной статистики Росстат, 2013. — 528 с. (Табл. 33. Численность населения городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений, городских населенных пунктов, сельских населенных пунктов)
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Official website of Uglegorsk
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ BBC News July 20, 2010
  11. ^ "Космодром Восточный может лишить Углегорск названия", Amur Port, December 2, 2011.
  12. ^ "Жители Углегорска жалуются на строителей амурского космодрома Восточный", Port Amur, March 27, 2012.
  13. ^ "В Углегорске откроется спорткомплекс", March 2011.

Sources[edit]

  • Амурский областной Совет народных депутатов. Закон №127-ОЗ от 23 декабря 2005 г. «О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области», в ред. Закона №272-ОЗ от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Амурской области "О порядке решения вопросов административно-территориального устройства Амурской области"». Вступил в силу со дня первого официального опубликования, за исключением подпункта "б" пункта 2 статьи 7, вступающего в силу с 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Амурская правда", №11, 24 января 2006 г. (Amur Oblast Council of People's Deputies. Law #127-OZ of December 23, 2005 On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast, as amended by the Law #272-OZ of November 11, 2013 On Amending the Law of Amur Oblast "On the Procedures of Handling the Issues of the Administrative and Territorial Structure of Amur Oblast". Effective as of the day of the first official publication, with the exception of subitem "b" of item 2 of Article 7, which is effective January 1, 2006.).