Nichelle Nichols as Uhura on the set of Star Trek: The Original Series
|Affiliation||United Federation of Planets
|Posting||USS Enterprise chief communications officer
USS Enterprise-A chief communications officer
|Portrayed by||Nichelle Nichols
Zoë Saldana (2009 and 2013 films)
Nyota Uhura (pron.: / /) is a character in Star Trek: The Original Series, Star Trek: The Animated Series, the first six Star Trek films, the 2009 film Star Trek, and its 2013 sequel Star Trek Into Darkness. The character was portrayed by Nichelle Nichols in all but the last two Star Trek films, in which a younger Uhura was portrayed by actress Zoë Saldana.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009)|
Gene Roddenberry had intended his new female communications officer to be called "Lieutenant Sulu". Herb Solow pointed out how similar this was to "Zulu" and thought it might act against the plan for racial diversity in the show, so the name Sulu remained with George Takei's character. "Uhura" comes from the Swahili word uhuru, meaning "freedom". Nichols states in her book Beyond Uhura that the name was inspired by her having had with her a copy of the book Uhuru on the day she read for the part. When producer Robert Justman explained to Roddenberry what the word uhuru meant, he changed it to Uhura and adopted that as the character's name.
Uhura's first name was not used in Star Trek canon until Abrams's 2009 film, in a scene where the young Spock calls her "Nyota" in a moment of intimacy. Although other non-canon names had previously existed, "Nyota" had been the most common. Author William Rotsler created the name "Nyota" for his 1982 licensed tie-in book, Star Trek II Biographies published by Wanderer (Pocket) Books. Seeking approval for the name he contacted Gene Roddenberry and Nichelle Nichols. Gene Roddenberry approved of the name. Nichelle Nichols also approved and was very excited when Rotsler informed her that Nyota means "star" in Swahili. After originating in Star Trek II Biographies "Nyota" started appearing in Star Trek novels, such as Uhura's Song by Janet Kagan.
- In appearances at Star Trek conventions, Nichols had indicated that the character is "Nyota [U]penda Uhura"; perhaps coincidentally, in Nichols' 1996 novel Saturn's Child she named the mother of the titular character "Nyota".
- That "Nyota" is the Swahili word for "star" is mentioned by William Shatner in his book Star Trek Memories.
- Startrek.com uses the name Nyota on its character biography page for the Animated Series but not on the TOS biography page.
- "Nyota" was also used as Uhura's first name when Nichols reprised the character in the fan film Star Trek: Of Gods and Men.
Until the 2009 film became part of the franchise's canon, "Nyota" was one of three possibilities; the other two were "Penda" and "Samara":
- According to FASA's Star Trek RPG, Uhura's first name is "Samara".
- The non-canon book The Best of Trek suggests that Uhura's first name is "Penda", coined when a group of fanzine authors suggested it to her at an early convention.
In the 2009 film, the mystery regarding Uhura's first name is the subject of a running joke as Kirk repeatedly tries to find out what it is, before finally hearing Spock utter it.
Soon after the first scripts for Star Trek were being written, Gene Roddenberry spoke of a new character, a female communications officer and introduced Herb Solow and Robert Justman to Nichols, who had worked for him on The Lieutenant.
Nichols planned to leave Star Trek in 1967 after its first season, wanting to return to musical theater. She changed her mind after talking to Martin Luther King, Jr. According to Nichols, King told her "Star Trek was one of the only shows that he and his wife Coretta would allow their little children to watch. And I thanked him and I told him I was leaving the show. All the smile came off his face. And he said, don't you understand for the first time, we're seen as we should be seen. You don't have a black role. You have an equal role."
Uhura, from the United States of Africa, speaks Swahili  and was born January 19, 2233. James Blish's non-canon novels identify her as Bantu, as does Gene Roddenberry's novelization of Star Trek: The Motion Picture.
Uhura first appears in the episode "The Man Trap," joining the crew of the USS Enterprise as a lieutenant, and serves as chief communications officer under Captain Kirk. She is later promoted to lieutenant commander in Star Trek: The Motion Picture, and to full commander in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan.
Star Trek III: The Search for Spock sees Uhura take an assignment in the transporter room as part of a plot to steal the Enterprise. After locking a colleague in a closet, Uhura uses the transporter station to beam Kirk, Leonard McCoy and Hikaru Sulu to the Enterprise so they can use it to rescue Spock from the Genesis Planet. As planned, Uhura later meets up with her crewmates on Vulcan and witnesses Spock's successful renewal.
Following these events and the destruction of the Enterprise, Uhura joins her crewmates on a stolen Klingon ship amid a crisis on Earth in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home. Traveling to the 20th century, they attempt to save a pair of humpback whales in order to repopulate the species. During a trip to San Francisco, Uhura and Pavel Chekov infiltrate the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise and use emissions from the carrier's nuclear reactor to recharge the Klingon vessel's power supply. Kirk and Spock then procure the whales so the crew can return to the 23rd century and save Earth.
In light of their heroics, Starfleet Command exonerates Uhura and the rest of Kirk's crew for their illegal activities. Kirk is demoted to the rank of captain after a prior promotion to admiral, but is assigned to command the USS Enterprise-A. Uhura joins Kirk's crew, and once again serves as chief communications officer throughout the events of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier and Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. In The Final Frontier, a romantic interest between Uhura and Montgomery Scott is briefly implied while Uhura seemingly is under the influence of Sybok, but the subplot is never fully developed in the following movies and we're to assume that they remain just friends.
Alternate timeline 
In the 2009 film Star Trek, Zoe Saldana plays a young Uhura who is introduced as a cadet at the academy, but is promoted to a communications officer as the movie unfolds. This Uhura is initially cold towards Kirk after he attempts to flirt with her while intoxicated. But in the end, she eventually comes to respect him as captain of the Enterprise.
A former student of Spock's, Uhura is also romantically involved with him. Though it is unclear when this began, the first hint of implied romantic involvement occurs when she is initially assigned to the Farragut, in an attempt by Spock to avoid the appearance of favoritism. She demands he assign her to the Enterprise. Uhura persists in her complaints until Spock relents, and makes the change with no further argument. Had she remained on the Farragut, she would have been killed as that vessel is subsequently destroyed by the villain, Nero.
In the sequel, Star Trek Into Darkness, Uhura has been serving on the Enterprise for a year and is still in a relationship with Spock, although both she and Kirk are frustrated with his emotional distance. Uhura is called upon several times to act as a field officer, assisting in the hunt for the fugitive John Harrison.
Cultural impact 
Role model 
Whoopi Goldberg, who later played Guinan on Star Trek: The Next Generation, described Uhura as a role model for her, recalling that she told her family, "I just saw a black woman on television; and she ain't no maid!" NASA later employed Nichols in a campaign to encourage African Americans to join the service. NASA Astronaut Group 8 yielded the first recruits composed of women and ethnic minorities — three were African American (Guion Bluford, Ronald McNair, and Dr. Frederick D. Gregory). Dr. Mae Jemison, the first African-American woman to fly aboard the Space Shuttle, cited Star Trek as an influence in her decision to join. Jemison herself had a minor role on an episode of The Next Generation called "Second Chances," playing a transporter operator named Lieutenant Palmer. Jemison was the first, but not the last, real-life astronaut to appear on Star Trek.
In the 1968 episode "Plato's Stepchildren", Uhura and Captain Kirk kiss. The episode is popularly cited as the first example of a scripted inter-racial kiss on United States television. Originally, the scene was meant to be filmed with and without the kiss, so that the network could later decide whether to air the kiss. However, Shatner and Nichols deliberately flubbed every take of the shot without the kiss so that they could not be used.
- "Roddenberry, Gene (U.S. writer-producer)". Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved 2009-05-13.
- Solow, Herbert; Robert Justman (06 1997). Inside Star Trek The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. p. 153. ISBN 0-671-00974-5.
- Solow, Herbert; Robert Justman (06 1997). Inside Star Trek The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. p. 154. ISBN 0-671-00974-5.
- Hise, James Van: "An Interview with Bill Rotsler", Enterprise Issue Number 2, June 1984.
- Shoreleave 29, June 14, 2007, during Nichols Q and A session
- Demby, Gene (April 8, 2013). "Zoë Saldaña Climbed Into Lt. Uhura's Chair, Reluctantly". Code Switch (blog). NPR. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- Beck, Donald R. (Director) (1991). Star Trek: 25th Anniversary Special.
- Star Trek episode: "The Man Trap"
- Mandel, Geoffrey (1980). USS Enterprise Officer's Manual. 201W 18th St. Apt 20A, New York, NY. 10011: Interstellar Associates. p. 27.
- Golder, Dave (27 March 2012). "Top 200 Sexiest Characters In Sci-Fi". SFX Magazine. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- Star Trek Monthly issue 56.
- "Social History :Star Trek as a Cultural Phenomenon". Centennialofflight.gov. 1966-09-08. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
- Second Chances on Memory Alpha
- "Shattered TV Taboos: How Bea Arthur and Others Broke Barriers". TVGuide.com. 2009-04-27. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
- "After 40 Years, Star Trek 'Won't Die'". Space.com. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
- Christian Höhne Sparborth (2001-09-05). "Nichols Talks First Inter-Racial Kiss". TrekToday. Retrieved 2011-03-23.
- Nichelle Nichols, Beyond Uhura: Star Trek and Other Memories, G.P. Putnam & Sons New York, 1994. pp.195-196
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