The city is located north of Seoul and contains many U.S. and Korean military bases for the defense of the Korean capital. The U.S. Second Infantry Division has established its headquarters in the city with main troops deployed in Dongducheon City. Despite being known for its military presence, the area has boomed into a satellite community of Seoul, with shops, cinemas, restaurants and bars, PC bangs and DVD Bangs. In addition to U.S. personnel, it is popular with English hagwons, hence an expat community of English teachers. There are several mountains such as Mt. Dobong (Dobongsan), Mt. Surak and Mt. Soyo nearby, which are popular for recreational hiking and frequented by residents living in the Seoul Metropolitan area.
The city is famous for its budae jjigae (lit. "army base stew"), made with hot dogs and SPAM. In the late 20th century, it was stipulated that the dish be referred to as Uijeongbu jjigae to remove the military or war-time connotation in the name, though not many restaurants follow this guideline. Some restaurants have begun calling their product Uijeongbu budae jjigae. The city also contains what locals refer to as "buddaejjigae street," a street where there is a high concentration of buddaejjigae restaurants.
Extensive bus routes cover north-eastern Gyeonggi-do. There are three basic kinds: Ilban Bus, normal bus; Jwaseok Bus, larger and slightly more expensive; and Maeul Bus, "village bus", a smaller bus with fewer seats. An intercity bus station is available for longer distances. Airport limousine buses run frequently to both Incheon and Gimpo airports.