Uithoorn

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Uithoorn
Municipality
Church in Uithoorn
Church in Uithoorn
Flag of Uithoorn
Flag
Coat of arms of Uithoorn
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Uithoorn in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°14′N 4°50′E / 52.233°N 4.833°E / 52.233; 4.833Coordinates: 52°14′N 4°50′E / 52.233°N 4.833°E / 52.233; 4.833
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Dagmar Oudshoorn-Tinga
Area[2]
 • Total 19.42 km2 (7.50 sq mi)
 • Land 18.24 km2 (7.04 sq mi)
 • Water 1.18 km2 (0.46 sq mi)
Elevation[3] −1 m (−3 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 28,482
 • Density 1,562/km2 (4,050/sq mi)
Demonym Uithoornaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 1420–1424
Area code 0297
Website www.uithoorn.nl

Uithoorn (Dutch pronunciation: [œy̯tˈɦoːrn]) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland.

Population centres[edit]

The municipality of Uithoorn consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: De Kwakel and Uithoorn.

History[edit]

The name De Uithoorn (or also De Uythoorn) was used at the end of the Middle Ages for the location of the lower courts of the deanery of Saint John. The village formed around its courthouse.

People depended on agriculture and animal husbandry. Agriculture became increasingly more difficult due to the steady soil subsidence. From circa 1600 on, peat extraction became important and resulted in the formation of large ponds, which in turn would be made into polders later on.

During the Franco-Dutch War in the "disaster year" of 1672, Uithoorn was on the front lines and fortifications were built.

During the Batavian Republic period, the neighbouring village of Thamen was merged with Uithoorn. Its economy was limited but improved in the middle of the 19th century when some industries (including chemical) were established in the area. The reclamation of a few large ponds provided extra agricultural land at the end of the same century.

A sulphuric acid plant was established on the banks of the Amstel in 1863, it closed in the early 1900s; the site was subsequently (1922) used for a coal tar processor, Teerbedrijf Uithoorn, later known as Cindu Chemicals. A subsidiary company Nevcin Polymers also operated on the site: both companies were major employers in the town, and also polluters of the air and water bodies. In 1992 a reactor at the Nevcin site exploded, causing three deaths and several injuries. As of 2012 both plants remain in operation.

Circa 1885, several fortifications were built around Uithoorn as part of the Stelling van Amsterdam. In 1915 the railway was built through town.

After World War II, Uithoorn developed quickly: in 1948 the Thamerdal neighbourhood was built, followed by Zijdelwaard in 1960, Legmeer in 1972, Meerwijk-West and Meerwijk-Oost from 1985 on. In 1991 a new shopping centre was built in the town centre, at the expense of many original buildings.

Local government[edit]

The municipal council of Uithoorn consists of 21 seats, which are divided as follows:

Amstel-Drecht Canal (Amstel-Drechtkanaal)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burgemeester D.H. (Dagmar) Oudshoorn-Tinga" [Mayor D.H. (Dagmar) Oudshoorn-Tinga] (in Dutch). Gemeente Uithoorn. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 1423AJ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]