Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Canonical

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Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Canonical (UAOC-C) is an independent Orthodox Church, that declares its canonical origin from the Polish Orthodox Church [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

History[edit]

At the beginning of the 20th century, together with the struggle for the Ukrainian statehood, the movement for the autocephality of UOC began in Ukraine.

From Polish Orthodox Church[edit]

During the World War II, the rebirth of the canonical branch of UAOC took place. It received the Autonomy from Dionysius (Waledyński), the Metropolitan of Polish Orthodox Church, which in 1924 received the status of autocephality from Ecumenical Patriarch Gregorios VII.[1]

Metropolitan Dionysius was elevated into the Bishop dignity in 1913 by Gregorios IV, the Patriarch of Antioch, who had the ordination in the lineage of Apostle Peter. [6]

In 1932, Metropolitan Dionisius ordained Metropolitan Polycarp (Sikorsky) and in 1942 appointed him to the Nazi-occupied Ukraine for the renewing of UAOC and ordination of new bishops. Thus, all the hierarchy of UAOC in 1942 received the canonical ordinations of Bishops in the lineage of Apostle Peter. Among the ordained into Bishops were the deceased Patriarch Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) and Metropolitan Hryhoriy Ohiychuk. [1] [7]

After the World War II in 1945 the UAOC in Ukraine was liquidated by the Soviet power. Some Bishops and the clergy of UAOC were delivered to the German concentration camps and some managed to emigrate to Europe and America, where they continued their church life and built the churches of UAOC.

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UAOC in the Independent Ukraine[edit]

In 1990 after the celebration of the 1000-anniversary of Baptism of Rus in Ukraine, the new movement for rebirth of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church began. It was initiated by Metropolitan Jonh (Bodnarchuk), and in the central Ukraine, in April 1990 the rebirth of the UAOC was initiated by archpriest Oleh Koulik, who organized about 200 religious communities of the UAOC being the Metropolitan administrator for Khmelnytskyi, Vinnytsa and Zhytomyr regions.

In 1990, on the 5-6th of June, the All-Ukrainian Orthodox Council was held in Kyiv where more than 700 delegates from the whole Ukraine took part, among them there were 7 bishops and more than 200 priests. The Council declared the fact of establishing the UAOC and elected Metropolitan Mstyslav (Skrypnyk), who had the episcopal lineage from Polish Orthodox Church, to be the Patriarch of Kyiv and all Ukraine.

On 2 October 1990 the authorities of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic registered the UAOC in the official order. And on 18 November 1990 in St. Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv, Metropolitan Mstyslav was enthroned into the Patriarch of Kyiv and All Ukraine.

Since that time Patriarch Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) had not only become the first Patriarch but he united the UAOC in Ukraine with the UAOC in the USA and the Diaspora that had the lineage from Polish Orthodox Church. Since that time the hierarchs and priesthood of the UOC in the USA began to come to Ukraine, officiate in Ukrainian temples, to take part in ordaining the priests. Patriarch Mstyslav together with Bishop of Washington Anthony (Shcherba) consecrated Anthony (Fialka) for bishop of Khmelnytskyi and Panteleimon (Romanovsky) for bishop of Dnipropetrovsk, but those canonically ordained Bishops passed to ROC. Since that time the canonical ordination lineage in the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church disappeared.

On the 25th - 26 June 1992, in Kyiv at the residence of Metropolitan Filaret, the betrayal of the UAO Church on the part of the Metropolitan administrator Anthony (Masendich) took place. He acted behind the back of Patriarch Mstyslav and all the clergy supporting the initiative of President Leonid Kravchuk as for the fake union of UAOC and ROC.

Patriarch of the UAOC Mstyslav (Skrypnyk) did not accept this treason of the UAOC and appealed to the Ukrainian higher authorities and believers of the UAOC not to acknowledge this unification and to oppose this betrayal. But the higher authorities of Ukraine supported the Patriarch Filaret (Denysenko) and illegally handed down all the church property of the UAOC under Filaret Denysenko.

On 11 June 1993 Patriarch of Kyiv and all Ukraine Mstyslav died. Before death, Patriarch considering himself and the UAOC betrayed declared his will that the UAOC couldn't have any relation to the former metropolitan of the ROC Filaret Denysenko who was defrocked by his mother Church – ROC.

In 1995, in two years after death of Patriarch Mstyslav, hierarchs of UAOC in the USA passed under the omophorion of the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, to the fold of Mother-Church, breaking off the canonical branch that gave hope for the return to Ukraine of the apostolic episcopal lineage and revival of UAOC.

UAOC-Sobornopravna[edit]

In October 2002, in the USA was held the Council of the hierarchs of UAOC-Sobornopravna of North and South America – the branch from Polish Orthodox Church that was headed by Metropolitan Hryhoriy (Ohiychuk) and after his death in 1985, by Metropolitan Andrew (Prazsky) (1985–1990), then by Metropolitan Alexis (Nizza) (1990–1999), then by Metropolitan Stephan(Babiy-Petrovich) (1999–2004).[2] the Council of the hierarchs of UAOC-Sobornopravna, having considered the current situation of UAOC in Ukraine, decree:

  • return the ancient patriarchal model to the church system of UAOC-Sobornopravna;
  • resume the presence on the Ukrainian land by the establishment of Archdiocese of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine;
  • elevate Archimandrite Moses (Koulik) into the dignity of Bishop and assign in the rank of Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine to Ukraine for the establishment of Archdiocese of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine.[3]

On 10 October 2002, The consecration and elevation to the rank of Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine of Bishop Moses (Koulik) took place in the Boris and Gleb Cathedral of city Cleveland, Ohio, USA.[4] Metropolitan Moses is assigned to Ukraine "for the re-establishment of Kyivan Metropolitanate and the revival of UAOC-Sobornopravna in Ukraine with the right to complete administrative management and spiritual care».[5]

On 1 November 2002, Was held the press-conference of Metropolitan Stephan (Babiy-Petrovich), the Primate of UAOC-Sobornopravna of North and South America, dedicated to the historical Council of UAOC-Sobornopravna hierarchs and its decision as for return of Church from Diaspora to the territory of Ukraine.[3]

Starting in 2002 and till nowadays, Vladyka Moses fulfils the mission of revival of UAOC-Sobornoprana canonical lineage in Ukraine, charged to him by the decision of Diaspora hierarchs.

In 2004–2005 In UAOC-Sobornopravna in the USA took place the events that changed cardinally the status of UAOC-Sobornopravna in Ukraine. UAOC-Sobornopravna of North and South America became UAOC of North and South America and Diaspora and, headed by metropolitan Michael (Yavchak-Champion) joined with UAOC in Ukraine, declaring Metropolitan Mefodiy (Kudriakov) to be their Primate.

[8] [9] [10]

Due to such union, instead of return of UAOC from Diaspora to Ukraine happened the development of UAOC from Ukraine to Diaspora, thereby one more canonical branch of Ukrainian Church was abolished. UAOC-Sobornopravna in Ukraine, headed by Metropolitan Moses, kept apart from this union [11] [12] and acquired the status of the independent jurisdiction. Metropolitan Moses realized the active educational work, converting into Christianity a great number of atheists in the post-totalitarian Ukraine [13] and calling upon the unification of the scattered all over the world shatters of UOC because of the historical reasons.

[14] [15] [16] [17]

UAOC-Canonical[edit]

On17-18 June 2005, On the Feast of the Holy Trinity, in Kyiv, the Hierarchs Council of UAOC-Sobornopravna under the omophorion of Moses, Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine took place, where the name of the Church was asserted as UAOC-Canonical by the decision of the Holy Synod and by the decision of the Ecumenical Hierarchs Council .[18]

UAOC-Canonical is the canonical successor of the Kyivan Rus Metropolitanate of the millenary Christening of Rus-Ukraine and has the very direct relation to the Tomos of autocephaly of 1924 granted by the Ecumenical Patriarch Gregorios VII on the canonical basis of the historical inhering to the Kyivan Rus Metropolitanate.

The mission of the ThomAs of 1924 action renewal for UAOC in Ukraine by the decision of the Holy Synod of UAOC in Diaspora is entrusted to the canonically-ordained Moses (Koulik), Metropolitan of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine.

Patriarch[edit]

On 17-18 June 2005, by the decision of the Holy Synod and by the decision of the Ecumenical Bishop's Council of UAOC-canonical, under the action of the Holy Spirit and by the will of Heavenly Father, Metropolitan Moses was elected and enthroned into the dignity of Patriarch of Kyiv and All Rus-Ukraine. 12 Hierarchs, the clergy and the hundreds of the faithful from all over the world took part in the Holy Council. [18]

The enthronement took place on the Feast of the Holy Trinity in the orthodox sanctuary of the people of Ukraine, in the principal Temple of Ukraine - the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kyiv. [19] [20]

Doctrine[edit]

Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church-Canonical acknowledges the absolute faith in the teaching of Our Lord Jesus Christ, the faith in the Holy Scripture and in the Apostolic Canons. The clergy have the canonical ordinations from Our Lord Jesus Christ in the lineage of Apostle Peter.[1][2][3][4][6]

Keeps seven Sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Confession, Eucharist, Marriage, Ordination, Anointing.

Church-office[edit]

UAOC-Canonical ministers the divine liturgies according to the tradition of the Eastern Byzantine Rite and keeps the old (Julian) calendar of religious holidays. The language of the divine liturgies – modern Ukrainian in Ukraine, Spanish – in Mexico, English – in the USA, Italian – in Italy etc.

UAOC-Canonical is the universal church and the divine services are ministered in the language of the country, where they are held.

Dioceses[edit]

  • Diocese of Kyiv
  • Diocese of Uzhgorod
  • Diocese of Fastiv
  • Diocese of Zhytomyr
  • Diocese of Mexico
  • Diocese of the USA
  • Diocese of Canada
  • Diocese of Greece
  • Diocese of Italy
  • Diocese of Colombia
  • Diocese of Brazil
  • Diocese of Chicago and Illinois—Chor-Bishop Eugene

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Polish Orthodox Church" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2009-03-01. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b c "Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Sobornopravna – of North and South America" (in Russian). Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Press-release of Metropolitan Stephan, the head of UAOC-Sobornopravna" (in English). USA: BRAMA. November 1, 2002. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  4. ^ a b c "Certificate of ordination of Metropolitan Moses" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  5. ^ a b "Decree of assignment of Metropolitan Moses" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  6. ^ a b "Dionisiy (Valedynsky)" (in Russian). Retrieved 2009-01-01. 
  7. ^ "A short chronicle of canonical episcopal lineage of UAOC during a period of 1924-1944". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  8. ^ "Greetings of His Beatitude, Metropolitan Mefodiy First Hierarch of the Ukrainian Autocephalous orthodox Church To the UAOC in North & South America". February 7, 2005. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  9. ^ "Mefodiy, Metropolitan of Kyiv, visited America". USA: BRAMA. Sep 7, 2005. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  10. ^ "Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church of North & South America and the Diaspora". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  11. ^ Пресс-центр УАПЦ-Соборноправной в Америке. "Repetition of Acknowledgement and Support of Metropolitan Mefodiy Kudriakov as Head of the UAOC in Ukraine and Metropolitan Moses's Abandonment of the Archdiocese". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  12. ^ "Metropolitan Moses is surprised by the decision of episcopate of UAOC-Sobornopravna" (in Ukrainian). Ukraine: RISU. February 17, 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  13. ^ "Letters and Responses to the lectures of Vladyka Moses". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  14. ^ "Bishop Daniel de Jesus of Mexico will be incardinated under the omophor of Vladika Moisey". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  15. ^ "The first Hierarch Council of UAOC-Canonical was held" (in Ukrainian). Ukraine: RISU. October 15, 2004. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  16. ^ "Press-Conference in UNIAN of Metropolitan Calistos as for the fact of the UAOC of the Diaspora transition under the omophorion of Metropolitan Moses" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  17. ^ "The documents, testifying to the UAOC of the Diaspora transition under the omophorion of Metropolitan Moses" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  18. ^ a b "Verdict of the Ecumenical Council and the Act of Enthronement of Patriarch Moses". Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  19. ^ "Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church — Canonical Elevates Metropolitan to Patriarch Moisey". Maidan. June 25, 2005. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  20. ^ "in the Saint Sophia Cathedral took place the Enthronement of the Patriarch of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Sobornopravna" (in Russian). CREDO. June 28, 2005. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 

External references[edit]

See also[edit]