Ukrainian Marine Corps
Cap badge (cockade) of the Ukrainian Marine Corps
|Active||May 23, 1918 -|
|Part of||36th separate brigade of coastal defense|
|Engagements||Ukrainian War of Independence
2014 Crimean crisis
|Tactical recognition flash|
The Ukrainian Marine Corps (Ukrainian: Морська піхота literally means "Naval Infantry") is a branch of the Ukrainian Navy. It is used as a component part of amphibious, airborne and amphibious-airborne operations, alone or in accordance with formations and units of the Army in order to capture parts of the seashore, islands, ports, fleet bases, coast airfields and other coast objects of the enemy. It can also be used to defend naval bases, vital areas of the shore, separate islands and coast objects, security of hostile areas.
Act independently during attacks on enemy's naval installations, ports, islands and coastal areas. Clear the enemy's coastal areas & provide security during the landing of the main force.
The motto of "Always Faithful" is similar to the US Marine Corps "Semper Fidelis".
Former Russian Imperial army general Pavlo Skoropadskyi understood the importance of marines in providing security to the country. Being the commander-in-chief of land and naval forces, Skoropadskyi brought attention to creating the marine corps during his first month in power. On May 23, 1918 he ordered the Department of Navy to Begin forming a Brigade of marines consisting of three regiments.
The mission of the Marines was protecting the coastal areas, serving as a garrison force for forts and conducting landing operations. According to the order the Brigade was divided into three regiments. First regiment was responsible for the areas between the western border until the village of Suchavka, near Odessa. Second regiment was responsible for territory between Suchavka and Stanislavov. Third regiment protected the areas from Stanislavov until Perekop. Brigade was also put in charge of guarding property of the Navy Department.
On August 31, 1918 each unit was given the permanent headquarters. First regiment's HQ was located in Odessa, second's HQ in Mykolaiv and third's HQ in Kherson. Also at this time 3 squadrons of cavalry were formed. First was stationed in Odessa, second in Ochakiv and third in Perekop.
In October 1918 new recruits born in 1899, would have joined the ranks of the marines, however due to the political situation of that autumn the recruits had to wait until a better time.
Not long after, Pavlo Skoropadskyi was removed from power in an uprising led by Symon Petliura. Marines continued to faithfully serve their nation under the banner of the Ukrainian People's Republic. Many of them have died for freedom and independence.
After the Naval Forces were created on July 1, 1993, the first battalion of the Marine Corps was formed in the city of Sevastopol. The first marines were transferred from the airmobile units. On September 1, 1993, the 41st Separate Marine Battalion was formed. By September 20, 1994, the 4th Marine Corps Brigade was stationed in the Tilovoe village of Crimea. From May 1996 until 1998, the Brigade was a part of the Ukrainian National Guard. In 1998, it was transferred to the Navy and re-designated the 1st Separate Marine Corps Brigade. In 1999, the Brigade consisted of two battalions numbering 1,500 marines. During 2003–04, the The Ukrainian armed forces underwent a program to reduce the number of brigades, and the Marine Corps Brigade was reduced to a Battalion.
The Ukrainian Marines wear a dark blue beret.
The ideal goal in the reform of the Marine Corps is to form a unit which would be similar to the units sent to Iraq. It is planned that there will be no more conscripts in the Marine Corps, only professional marines.
- 1st Regiment - Odessa
- 1st Kuren
- 1st Sotnia
- 2nd Sotnia
- 3rd Sotnia
- machine gun unit
- 2nd Kuren
- 3rd Kuren
- 1st Kuren
- 2nd Regiment - Mykolaiv
- 3rd Regiment - Kherson
- 1st Cavalry Squadron - Odessa
- 2nd Cavalry Squadron - Ochakiv
- 3rd Cavalry Squadron - Perekop
- Separate Air Assault Battalion "Lion"
- Separate Air Assault Battalion "Berkut"
- Separate Air Assault Reconnaissance Battalion "Sword"
- Separate Combat Engineer Battalion "Crab"
- Separate Signal Company
- Anti-Tank Battalion
- Anti-Aircraft Artillery Battalion
- Artillery Battalion
- Artillery Battalion
- 1st Marine Company
- 2nd Marine Company
- 3rd Air Assault Company
- Mortar Battery
- Reconnaissance Platoon