Ukrainian National Government (1941)

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Ukrainian National Government
Українське Державне Правління (УДП)
Ukrainske Derzhevane Pravlinnia (UDP)
Provisional government

1941
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Ще не вмерла Україна  (Ukrainian)
Shche ne vmerla Ukraina
Ukraine's glory has not perished
Capital Lviv (actual)
Kyiv (intended)
Languages Ukrainian
Government Republic
President
 -  1941 Yaroslav Stetsko
Historical era World War II
 -  Established 30 June 1941
 -  Disestablished September 1941
Currency Karbovanets
Hryvnia
Today part of  Ukraine

The Ukrainian National Government[1] (Ukrainian: Українське Державне Правління (УДП), Ukrainske Derzhevane Pravlinnia (UDP); English: Ukrainian State Board) of 1941 was a loose confederation of many political parties backed by Stepan Bandera's faction of OUN, which tried to include politicians of many political affiliations.

The leader of the government was Yaroslav Stetsko. Although often associated with the declaration of independence in 1941, Stepan Bandera was not an official member of the government.

Originally planning to cooperate with Nazi Germany against the USSR, most of the leadership was arrested, deported, and imprisoned by the Nazis within a matter of weeks.

Background[edit]

Leaders of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the OUN, first planned a declaration of Ukrainian independence in early June 1941. With the beginning of Operation Barbarossa, many thought that they found a new ally in Nazi Germany.

On June 22, 1941, leaders of the OUN met in Kraków, occupied Poland, and established a plan to create a Ukrainian state. The leaders of this meeting, Vsevolod Petriv and Volodymyr Horbovy, sent a letter to Adolf Hitler offering cooperation in exchange for Ukrainian independence.[2][not in citation given]

Declaration of Independence[edit]

By June 30, 1941, Soviet forces had abandoned Lviv. Prior to Nazi invasion, the OUN entered the city and proclaimed an independent and sovereign Ukrainian state.

Yaroslav Stetsko The Prime Minister of Ukrainian National Government.

Government Structure[edit]

The government of 1941 was an attempt to include as many political parties in Ukraine as possible.

The structure and nominclature of the government functionaries was quite extensive, however:

The Prime Minister was Yaroslav Stetsko

  1. Deputy Prime Minister - Marian Panchyshyn - no political affiliation
  2. Deputy Prime Minister - Lev Rebet (OUN)
  1. Minister of the Interior - Volodymyr Lysy (Socialist Radical Party)
  2. Minister of External Affairs - Volodymyr Stakhiv
  3. Minister of Defence - Vsevolod Petriv (Social Revolution Party)
  4. Minister of State Security - Mykola Lebed (OUN)
  5. Minister of Justice - Yulian Fedusevych
  6. Minister of Agriculture - Yevhen Khraplyvy (Ukrainian National-Democratic Party)
  7. Minister of Health Marian Panchyshyn (no political affiliation)
  8. Minister of Education Volodymyr Radzykevych (no political affiliation)
  9. Minister of Communication N. Moroz (no political affiliation)
  10. Minister of Information Oleksandr Hai-Holovko (no political affiliation)
  11. Minister of Political Coordination Ivan Klymiv-Lehenda (OUN)
  1. Deputy Minister of Interior Konstantyn Pankivsky (Socialist Radical Party)
  2. Deputy Minister of External Affairs Oleksandr Maritchak (Ukrainian National-Democratic Party)
  3. Deputy Minister of Defense Roman Shukhevych (OUN)
  4. Deputy Minister of Defense Oleksandr Hasyn (OUN)
  5. Deputy Minister of Justice Bohdan Dzerovych (no political affiliation)
  6. Deputy Minister of Agriculture Andriy Piasetsky (Front of National Unity)
  7. Deputy Minister of Health Roman Osinchuk
  8. Secretary of the Ministry of Health Oleksandr Barvinsky (no political affiliation)

The government also featured a Council of Seniors, which was headed by Kost Levytsky.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Magocsi, Robert Paul (2002). The Roots of Ukrainian Nationalism. University of Toronto Press. p. 33. 
  2. ^ http://www.encyclopediaofukraine.com/display.asp?AddButton=pages\U\K\UkrainianNationalCommitteeCracow.htm