Ukrainian Second League

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Ukrainian Second League
PFL logo.gif
Country  Ukraine
Founded 1992 (as Transitional League)
Number of teams 30+
Levels on pyramid 3
Promotion to Ukrainian First League
Relegation to None (since 2007)[1]
Ukrainian Third League (1992-1994)
Amateurs (1995-2007)
Domestic cup(s) Ukrainian Cup
League Cup
Current champions FC Hirnyk-Sport Komsomolsk
(2013–14)
Website Official site
2014–15 Ukrainian Second League

The Ukrainian Second League (Ukrainian: Друга ліга, Druha Liha) is a professional football league in Ukraine which is part of the Professional Football League of Ukraine. Football Federation of Ukraine, however, has an exclusive right on general administration and control over the organizing and conducting competitions in the league. In 1992 the league was also known as the Transitional League.

The league is lower than the Ukrainian First League (Persha Liha) and the lowest level of professional football competitions in the country. The Ukrainian Second League is the third level of professional football in Ukraine. The league's relegated teams lose their professional status and return to their regional associations.

Quick overview[edit]

First seasons[edit]

The third division of the Ukrainian championship originally was organized as the Transitional League due to numerous amateur clubs competing in it 15 out of 18. Out of the 1992 Transitional League the top clubs qualified for the 1992-93 Second League, while the bottom - the 1992-93 Transitional League, thus, creating an extra tier. Basically in the first seasons there was no promotion.

For the second season (1992-93) the league was officially organized as the Second League, while the name of transitional league was passed to the newly formed fourth division. Between seasons 1993 and 1995, there existed a fourth professional level (the Third League in 1994-95) of the football championship in Ukraine, lower than the Second League. From 1993 season to 1995 the Second League had a single group competition of over 20 clubs.

Creation of PFL[edit]

In 1996 Ukrainian football witnessed major changes in its organization as the Professional Football League of Ukraine was established. The new organization took control of the competition of former non-amateur clubs that were given attestation of professional clubs and included all the leagues of the Ukrainian championship. Concurrently with this the Third League was disbanded and all clubs that were not in the "relegation zone" were invited to join the Second League. The Second League in its turn was split into two groups. Only in the very first season the teams in this league were divided somewhat randomly, while later becoming more of regional sub-leagues. From 1997 the league was divided into three groups (Druha Liha A (west), B (south), and C (east)).

Further developments[edit]

In 1998 unlike other seasons the winners of the groups were not promoted automatically; instead a promotion-relegation tournament was organized involving four teams, three group winners and one of the weaker clubs of the First League. In 2006, the Ukrainian Professional Football League consolidated the Druha Liha due to a shortage of teams, and now the third level of professional football is divided into two groups once again (A - West and B - East).

Throughout its history the Second League has had some supplementary tournaments which include the Second League Cup as well as the Ukrainian Cup qualification tournament called the 2009–10 Ukrainian League Cup.

Team withdrawals / critical situation[edit]

The league has suffered from chronic club withdrawals since its reorganization when the Ukrainian Third League was liquidated in 1995. The reorganization of the competition in 1996 saw a number of clubs that discontinued their participation. For a couple of years after that, there was relative stabilization, but for the 1998-99 season 10 teams quit the league before the season started. During the 2002-03 season Ukrainian football saw the withdrawal of a Top League club for the first time (Polihraftekhnika Oleksandriya). Due to those withdrawals the Second League suspended relegation of clubs since 2006-07, while there were some talks for the league to be discontinued.[2] An idea surfaced during the 2009-10 season to merge the league with the First League breaking the last into several groups, but it was abandoned. During the same season a new tournament was organized to add some games to the calendar of the Second League clubs which had thinned away substantially, this was called the 2009–10 Ukrainian League Cup.

Organization[edit]

The calendar of competitions is adopted by the Central Council of PFL and the Executive Committee of FFU. The Bureau (Administration) of PFL regulates the league's operations and forms the Second League. All clubs of the PFL are obligated to own or sponsor a Children-Youth Sports School. All clubs of PFL are obligated to participate in the National Cup competition. A club of the Second League is also obligated to finance at least two junior teams from under the age of 10 to under the age of 19. The junior teams must participate either in regional competitions of the Children-Youth Football League of Ukraine.

All stadiums must have a certificate of the State Commission in control of sports structures conditions. A club cannot play matches at its training sites nor stadiums not registered with PFL. Promotions of tobacco products at stadiums are prohibited. All stadiums must fly the flags of Ukraine, FFU, and PFL. Only accredited photo-correspondents and junior footballers who collect balls are allowed behind goalposts.

The games are allowed to start not earlier than 12:00 and not later than 20:30. There must be at least a 48-hour break between two official games. Games can only be rescheduled if the following three criteria exist: a) unforeseen circumstances occur, b) delegation of four or more footballers to any national teams, or c) organization of direct tele-broadcasting.

Second League Honors[edit]

Season Group Champion Runner-Up 3rd Position
1992 A Dnister Zalishchyky Hazovyk Komarno Yavir Krasnopilya
B Bazhanovets' Makiyivka Tytan Armyansk Meliorator Kakhovka
1992–93 Dnipro Cherkasy Khimik Zhytomyr Yavir Krasnopilya
1993–94[3] FC Borispil Bazhanovets' Makiyivka Zirka-NIBAS Kirovohrad
1994–95 Yavir Krasnopilya FC Lviv Dynamo Luhansk
1995–96 A CSCA Kyiv Krystal Kherson Khutrovyk Tysmenytsya
B Metalurh Mariupol Metalurh Donetsk Metalurh Novomoskovsk
1996–97 A Desna Chernihiv Fakel Varva FK Tysmenytsya
B Avanhard-Industria Rovenky Tytan Armyansk Oskil Kupyansk
1997–98 A Podillya Khmelnytskyi Dynamo-3 Kyiv Karpaty-2 Lviv
B Krystal Kherson[4] SCA-Lotto Odesa SC Odesa
C Shakhtar-2 Donetsk Fakel Varva Elektron Romny
1998–99 A Zakarpattia Uzhhorod Borysfen Boryspil Tsymentnyk-Khorda Mykolaiv
B SC Odesa Krystal Kherson Kryvbas-2 Kryvyj Rih
C Obolon-PPO Kyiv Zorya Luhansk Oskil Kupyansk
1999–00 A Bukovyna Chernivtsi Podillya Khmelnytskyi Enerhetyk Burshtyn
B Borysfen Boryspil Obolon-PPO-2 Kyiv Kryvbas-2 Kryvyj Rih
C Dnipro-2 Dnipropetrovsk ADOMS Kremenchuk Zorya Luhansk
2000–01 A Polissya Zhytomyr Sokil Zolochiv FC Krasyliv
B Obolon Kyiv Systema-Boreks Borodianka Dnipro-3 Dnipropetrovsk
C FC Naftovyk Okhtyrka Desna Chernihiv Oskil Kupyansk
2001–02 A FC Krasyliv Sokil Zolochiv Podillya Khmelnytskyi
B Systema-Boreks Borodianka Nafkom-Akademia Irpen Dynamo Simferopol
C FC Sumy Arsenal Kharkiv Metalurh-2 Donetsk
2002–03 A FC LUKOR Kalush Enerhetyk Burshtyn Podillya Khmelnytskyi
B Nafkom Irpin Dynamo Simferopol Elektrometalurh-NZF Nikopol
C Zorya Luhansk Shakhtar Luhansk Desna Chernihiv
2003–04 A FC Hazovyk-Skala Stryj Podillya Khmelnytskyi Rava Rava-Ruska
B Dynamo-IhroServis Simferopol Elektrometalurh-NZF Nikopol Krymteplitsia Molodizhne
C Stal Dniprodzerzhynsk Desna Chernihiv Metalurh-2 Zaporizhya
2004–05 A Rava Rava-Ruska[5] Enerhetyk Burshtyn Karpaty-2 Lviv
B Krymteplitsia Molodizhne Krystal Kherson FC Oleksandria
C Helios Kharkiv Desna Chernihiv Dnipro Cherkasy
2005–06 A Desna Chernihiv Fakel Ivano-Frankivsk Rava Rava-Ruska
B MFK Mykolaiv PFC Oleksandria[6] PFC Sevastopol
C Dnipro Cherkasy Illichivets-2 Mariupol Metalurh-2 Zaporizhya
2006–07 A Dnister Ovidiopol Fakel Ivano-Frankivsk Yednist Plysky
B PFC Sevastopol Feniks-Illichivets Kalinine Tytan Armyansk
2007–08 A Knyazha Schaslyve Nyva Ternopil Podillya-Khmelnytskyi
B Komunalnyk Luhansk Tytan Armyansk Arsenal Kharkiv
2008-09 A Nyva Ternopil Arsenal Bila Tserkva[7] Nyva Vinnytsia
B Zirka Kirovohrad FC Poltava Stal Dniprodzerzhynsk
2009–10 A Bukovyna Chernivtsi Nyva Vinnytsia Bastion Illichivsk
B Tytan Armyansk Kremin Kremenchuk FC Poltava
2010–11 A MFK Mykolaiv FC Sumy Enerhiya Nova Kakhovka
B Olimpik Donetsk FC Poltava Kremin Kremenchuk
2011–12 A FC Sumy Desna Chernihiv Slavutych Cherkasy
B FC Poltava Avanhard Kramatorsk Shakhtar Sverdlovsk
2012–13 A Desna Chernihiv Nyva Ternopil Slavutych Cherkasy
B UkrAhroKom Holovkivka Shakhtar Sverdlovsk Shakhtar-3 Donetsk
2013–14[8] Hirnyk-Sport Komsomolsk Stal Dniprodzerzhynsk FC Ternopil

All winners[edit]

Club Winner Runners-Up 3rd Position Seasons Won
Desna Chernihiv 3 4 1 1996–97, 2005–06, 2012–13
Yavir Krasnopillia 2 0 2 1994–95, 2001–02
Dnipro Cherkasy 2 0 1 1992–93, 2005–06
Obolon Kyiv 2 0 0 1998–99, 2000–01
Bukovyna Chernivtsi 2 0 0 1999–00, 2009–10
Mykolaiv 2 0 0 2005–06, 2010–11
Tytan Armyansk 1 3 1 2009–10
Krystal Kherson 1 3 0 1997–98
Podillia Khmelnytskyi 1 2 1 1997–98
Poltava 1 2 1 2011–12
Nyva Ternopil 1 2 0 2008–09
Zorya Luhansk 1 1 1 2002–03
Stal Dniprodzerzhynsk 1 1 1 2003-04
Ihroservice Simferopol 1 1 1 2003–04
Bazhanovets Makiivka 1 1 0 1992
Borysfen Boryspil 1 1 0 1999–00
Polissia Zhytomyr 1 1 0 2000–01
Systema-Boreks Borodianka 1 1 0 2001–02
Nafkom Irpin 1 1 0 2002–03
Hazovyk-Skala Stryi 1 1 0 2003–04
Sumy 1 1 0 2011–12
Krasyliv 1 0 2 2001-02
Rava Rava-Ruska 1 0 2 2004-05
Odessa 1 0 1 1998-99
Krymteplitsia Molodizhne 1 0 1 2004-05
Sevastopol 1 0 1 2006-07
Zirka Kirovohrad 1 0 1 2008-09
Dnister Zalishchyky 1 0 0 1992
Boryspil 1 0 0 1993-94
CSKA Kyiv 1 0 0 1995-96
Metalurh Mariupol 1 0 0 1995-96
Avanhard Rovenky 1 0 0 1996-97
Shakhtar-2 Donetsk 1 0 0 1997-98
Zakarpattia Uzhhorod 1 0 0 1998-99
Dnipro-2 Dnipropetrovsk 1 0 0 1999-00
Naftovyk Okhtyrka 1 0 0 2000-01
LUKOR Kalush 1 0 0 2002-03
Helios Kharkiv 1 0 0 2004-05
Dnister Ovidiopol 1 0 0 2006-07
Knyazha Schaslyve 1 0 0 2007-08
Komunalnyk Luhansk 1 0 0 2007-08
Olimpik Donetsk 1 0 0 2010-11
UkrAhroKom Holovkivka 1 0 0 2012-13
Hirnyk-Sport Komsomolsk 1 0 0 2013-14

League winners by regions[edit]

Region Winners
Crimea FC Dynamo-Ihroservice Simferopol
Cherkasy Oblast FC Dnipro Cherkasy (twice)
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast FC Dnipro-2 Dnipropetrovsk
Donetsk Oblast FC Shakhtar Makiivka, FC Shakhtar-2 Donetsk
Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast FC LUKOR Kalush
Khmelnytsky Oblast FC Krasyliv
Kiev Oblast FC Nafkom Irpin, FC Systema-Borex Borodyanka, FC Borysfen Boryspil, FC Knyazha Schaslyve
Luhansk Oblast FC Avanhard-Industria Rovenky, FC Komunalnyk Luhansk
Lviv Oblast FC Rava Rava-Ruska, FC Hazovyk-Skala Stryi
Odessa Oblast SC Odesa
Sumy Oblast FC Sumy (twice, once as Yavir)
Ternopil Oblast FC Dnister Zalishchyky
Zhytomyr Oblast FC Polissya Zhytomyr
Kiev FC CSKA Kyiv, FC Obolon Kyiv (twice)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Currently the Professional Football League of Ukraine does not relegate teams, as a lot of them withdraw from the league on their own due to financial difficulties. Normally the clubs placing last are subject to loss of professional status and relegation to their Regional (Oblast) competitions.
  2. ^ Фек: Підтримую Данілова і Бальчоса - хай це саме зробить Суркіс
  3. ^ In 1993–94 four teams were promoted to the Ukrainian First League. The fourth place team in the competition was Naftokhimik Kremenchuk.
  4. ^ Krystal Kherson failed to win the playoffs for promotion to the Ukrainian First League
  5. ^ After reviewing Rava Ruska's solvency and facilities the PFL decided not to promote them. 2nd placed Enerhetyk Burshtyn were promoted instead.
  6. ^ PFC Oleksandria were promoted to the Ukrainian First League since they were best 2nd placed team in all Druha Liha competitions
  7. ^ FC Arsenal Bila Tserkva were promoted to the Ukrainian First League since FC Ihroservice Simferopol as the member of the First League withdrew from competitions. Arsenal and Poltava were allowed to compete for the extra promotion due to that in the play-off game in Cherkasy. Arsenal won the game 1-0, gaining promotion.
  8. ^ In 2013–14 four teams were promoted to the Ukrainian First League. The fourth place team in the competition was Hirnyk Kryvyi Rih.