Ukrainian cuisine

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Some Ukranian dishes

Ukrainian cuisine is very diverse and has a rich history.

Soups[edit]

Ukrainian borscht with smetana
  • Borshch is a vegetable soup made out of beets, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, dill.[1][2] There are about 30 varieties of Ukrainian borscht.[2] It may include meat or fish.[1]
  • Kapusniak: soup made with pork, salo (pork fat), sauerkraut, and served with smetana (sour cream).
  • Rosolnyk: soup with pickled cucumbers.
  • Solyanka: thick, spicy and sour soup made with meat, fish or mushrooms and various vegetables and pickles.
  • Yushka: clear soup, made from various types of fish such as carp, bream, wels catfish, or even ruffe.
  • Zelenyj borshch (green borscht) or shchavlevyj sup (sorrel soup): water or broth based soup with sorrel and various vegetables, served with chopped hard boiled egg and sour cream.

Salads and Appetisers[edit]

Kholodets
  • Kovbasa: various kinds of smoked or boiled pork, beef or chicken sausage. Sosysky: (hot dogs without buns) typically eaten for breakfast.
  • Salo: cured fatback.
  • Studenetz: aspic made with fish (zalyvne) or meat (kholodets).
  • Olivier: salad made out of cooked and chopped potatoes, dill pickles, boiled chopped eggs, cooked and chopped chicken or ham, chopped onions, canned peas, mixed with mayonnaise.
  • Vinigret: salad with cooked and shredded beets, sauerkraut, cooked and chopped potatoes, onions, and carrots, sometimes pickles mixed with some sunflower oil and salt.

Breads[edit]

Traditional Ukrainian paska

Bread and wheat products are important to Ukrainian cuisine. Decorations on the top can be elaborate for celebrations.

  • Babka: Easter bread, usually a sweet dough with raisins and other dried fruit. It is usually baked in a tall, cylindrical form.
  • Bublik: ring-shaped bread roll made from dough that has been boiled before baking. It is similar to bagel, but usually somewhat bigger and with a wider hole.
  • Kalach: ring-shaped bread typically served at Christmas and funerals. The dough is braided, often with three strands representing the Holy Trinity. The braid is then shaped into a circle (circle = kolo in Ukrainian) representing the circle of life and family.
  • Korovai: a round, braided bread, similar to the kalach. It is most often baked for weddings and its top decorated with birds and periwinkle.
  • Palyanytsya
  • Pampushki: deep fried dessert with fruit filling.
  • Paska: traditional rich Easter bread. It is shaped in a short round form. The top of the paska is decorated with typical Easter symbols, such as roses or crosses.

Main courses[edit]

Varenyky stuffed with meat, served with fried onions and sour cream
Kruchenyky served with kasha and a mushroom sauce
Deruny or draniki, here in a traditional crockery dish.
  • Varenyky (also called pyrohy in some regions of Western Ukraine): dumplings made with fillings,[1][2] such as mashed potatoes and fried onions, boiled ground meat and fried onions, liver and fried onions, fried cabbage with fried onions, quark, cherries, and strawberries. Served with sour cream and butter or sugar, when filled with fruits.
  • Pyrizhky: baked buns stuffed with different fillings, such as ground meat, liver, eggs, rice, onions, fried cabbage or sauerkraut, quark, cherries etc.
  • Pyrih: a big pie with various fillings.
  • Holubtsi: cabbage leaves (fresh or sour) rolled with rice filling and may contain meat (minced beef or bacon), baked in oil and carmelized onions and may contain as a baking sauce tomato soup, cream or sour cream, bacon drippings or roasted with bacon strips on top.
  • Mlyntsi or nalisnyky: thin pancakes filled usually with quark, meat, cabbage, fruits, served with sour cream.
  • Stuffed duck or goose with apples.
  • Roast meat (pechenya): pork, veal, beef or lamb roast.
  • Fish (ryba): fried in egg and flour; cooked in oven with mushrooms, cheese, and lemon; marinaded, dried or smoked variety.
  • Guliash: refers to stew in general, or specifically Hungarian goulash.
  • Kotlety/Sichenyky (cutlets, meatballs): minced meat or fish mixed with eggs, onions, garlic, breadcrumbs, and milk, fried in oil and sometimes rolled in breadcrumbs.
  • Kotleta po-kyivsky: chicken Kiev.
  • Kruchenyky or Zavyvantsi: pork or beef rolls with various stuffing: mushrooms, onions, eggs,[3] cheese, sauerkraut, carrots, etc.
  • Kasha hrechana zi shkvarkamy: buckwheat cereal with pork rinds and onion.
  • Potato (kartoplia, also barabolia or bulba): young or peeled, served with butter, sour cream, dill; a more exclusive variety includes raw egg.
  • Deruny: potato pancakes, usually served with rich servings of sour cream.

Desserts[edit]

Syrniki with raisins
  • Kutia: traditional Christmas dish, made of poppy seeds, wheat, nuts, honey, and delicacies.
  • Pampushky: sweet dough similar to doughnut holes. Frequently tossed with sugar. Traditionally filled with rose preserve, but can also be filled with poppy seed or other sweet fillings.
  • Syrnyky: fried quark fritters, sometimes with raisins, served with sour cream, jam (varennya), honey or apple source.
  • Torte: many varieties of cakes, from moist to puffy, most typical ones being Kyjivskyj, Prazhskyj, and Trufelnyj. They are frequently made without flour, instead using ground walnuts or almonds.
  • Varennya: a whole fruit preserve made by cooking berries and other fruits in sugar syrup.
  • Zhele: (plural and singular) jellied fruits, like cherries, pears, etc. or Ptashyne moloko (literally ‘birds' milk’)—milk/chocolate jelly.

Beverages[edit]

Alcoholic[edit]

  • Strong spirits (горілка, horilka): самогон Samohon (moonshine) is also popular, including with infusions of fruit, spices, or hot peppers.
  • Beer (пиво, pyvo): the largest producers of beer are Obolon, Lvivske, Chernihivske, Slavutych, Sarmat, and Rogan, which partly export their products.
  • Wine (вино, vyno): from Europe and Ukraine (particularly from Crimea). See Ukrainian wine.
  • Mead (мед, med, or медовуха, medovukha): a fermented alcoholic beverage made from honey, water, and yeast. Its flavour depends on the plants frequented by the honeybees, the length of time and method of aging, and the specific strain of yeast used. Its alcohol content will vary from maker to maker depending on the method of production.
  • Nalyvka (наливка): a homemade wine made from cherries, raspberries, gooseberries, bilberries, blackberries, plums, blackthorns and other berries. Berries were put into a sulija (a big glass bottle), some sugar was added. After the berries fermented, the liquid was separated from the berries, and put into corked bottles. The berries were used to make pyrozhky (baked or fried pastry). The wine has about 15% of alcohol.

Non-alcoholic[edit]

  • Kompot (компот): a sweet beverage made of dried or fresh fruits and/or berries boiled in water.
  • Uzvar (узвар): a specific type of kompot made of dried fruit, mainly apples, pears, and prunes.
  • Kvas (квас): a sweet-and-sour sparkling beverage brewed from yeast, sugar, and dried rye bread.
  • Kefir (кефір):[1] milk fermented by both yeast and lactobacillus bacteria, and having a similar taste to yogurt. Homemade kefir may contain a slight amount of alcohol.
  • Mineral water: well-known brands are Truskavetska, Morshynska, and Myrhorodska. They usually come strongly carbonated.
  • Pryazhene moloko (пряжене молоко): baked milk, a milk product having a creamy color and a light caramel flavour. It is made by simmering milk on low heat for at least eight hours.
  • Ryazhanka (ряжанка): fermented baked milk.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Stechishin, Savella (1995) [1957]. Traditional Ukrainian Cookery (18th ed. ed.). Winnipeg: Trident Press. ISBN 0-919490-36-0. 
  • Stechishin, Savella. "Traditional Foods". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  • Ukrainian Women's Association of Canada, Daughters of Ukraine Branch (1984). Ukrainian Daughters' Cookbook (1st ed. ed.). Winnipeg: Centax of Canada. ISBN 0-919845-13-4. 
  • Lidiya Artyukh (2006). Tradytsiyna Ukrayinska Kukhnya (Traditional Ukrainian Cuisine). Kyiv: Baltia-Druk Publishing House.