Ukrainian cuisine

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Some Ukranian dishes

Ukrainian cuisine is very diverse and has a rich history.

Soups[edit]

Ukrainian borscht soup, made from beetroots and other vegetables, with meat.
  • Borshch (borshch) is a vegetable soup made out of beets, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, dill.[1][2] There are about 30 varieties of Ukrainian borscht soup,.[2] It may include meat or fish.[1]
  • Kapusniak: soup made with pork, salo (pork fat), sauerkraut, and served with sour cream.
  • Rosolnyk: soup with pickles.
  • Yushka: fish soup, made of fresh-water fish, usually carp.
  • Zelenyj borscht ("Kvaskova Zupa" or "Shchaveleva Zupa"): water or broth based soup with sorrel and various vegetables, served with chopped hard boiled egg and sour cream.
  • Ukha: clear Ukrainian soup, made from various types of fish such as bream, wels catfish, or even ruffe.

Salads[edit]

  • Olivye: salad made out of cooked and chopped potatoes, dill pickles, boiled chopped eggs, cooked and chopped chicken or ham, chopped onions, canned peas, mixed with mayonnaise.
  • Vinigret (from French Vinaigrette): salad with cooked and shredded beets, sauerkraut, cooked and chopped potatoes, onions, and carrots, sometimes pickles mixed with some sunflower oil and salt.

Breads[edit]

Easter Paska

Bread and wheat products are important to Ukrainian cuisine. Decorations on the top can be elaborate for celebrations.

  • Paska: traditional rich Easter bread. It is shaped in a short round form. The top of the paska is decorated with typical Easter symbols, such as roses or crosses.
  • Babka: another Easter bread, usually a sweet dough with raisins and other dried fruit. It is usually baked in a tall, cylindrical form.
  • Kalach: ring-shaped bread typically served at Christmas and funerals. The dough is braided, often with three strands representing the Holy Trinity. The braid is then shaped into a circle (circle = kolo in Ukrainian) representing the circle of life and family.
  • Korovai: a round, braided bread, similar to the kalach. It is most often baked for weddings and its top decorated with birds and periwinkle.
  • Palyanytsya
  • Pampushki: type of dinner roll. Once baked it is tossed with minced garlic, fresh herbs, and oil. Served with soups such as borscht. Similar to Polish pączki.

Main courses[edit]

Roast meat
Deruny or draniki are potato pancakes, here in a traditional crockery dish.
  • Varenyky (Pyrohy): Dumplings stuffed with fillings such as potato and cheese, often served boiled.
  • Pyrohy: small pastries made with fillings,[1][2] such as mashed potatoes and fried onions, ground meat and fried onions, liver and fried onions, fried cabbage with fried onions, cherries, and strawberries. Served with sour cream and butter or sugar, when filled with fruits.
  • Pyrizhky: Small potato filled buns baked in thickened rich cream and dill.
  • Cabbage rolls (holubtsi/holubchi): cabbage leaves (fresh or sour) rolled with rice filling and may contain meat (minced beef or bacon), baked in oil and carmelized onions and may contain as a baking sauce tomato soup, cream or sour cream, bacon drippings or roasted with bacon strips on top.
  • Mlyntsi: crêpes (blyntsi or nalisnyky), filled usually with cottage cheese, meat, cabbage, fruits, served with sour cream.
  • Stuffed duck or goose with apples.
  • Roast meat (pechenya): pork, veal, beef or lamb roast.
  • Fish (ryba): fried in egg and flour; cooked in oven with mushrooms, cheese, and lemon; marinaded, dried or smoked variety.
  • Studenetz: aspic made with fish (zalyvne) or meat (kholodets).
  • Kasha hrechana zi shkvarkamy: buckwheat cereal with pork rinds and/or onion.
  • Potato (kartoplia, also barabolia or bulba): young or peeled, served with butter, sour cream, dill; a more exclusive variety includes raw egg.
  • Guliash: refers to stew in general, or specifically Hungarian goulash.
  • Sausage (kovbasa): various kinds of smoked or boiled pork, beef or chicken sausage. Sosysky: (hot dogs without buns) typically eaten for breakfast.
  • Kotleta po-kyivsky (Chicken Kiev).
  • Salo: cured fatback.
  • Kotlety/Sichenyky (cutlets, meatballs): minced meat or fish mixed with eggs, onions, garlic, breadcrumbs, and milk, fried in oil and sometimes rolled in breadcrumbs.
  • Deruny: potato pancakes, usually served with rich servings of sour cream.
  • Kruchenyky or Zavyvantsi: pork or beef rolls with various stuffing: mushrooms, onions, eggs,[3] cheese, sauerkraut, carrots, etc.

Desserts[edit]

Syrniki, fried quark pancakes, garnished with sour cream, jam, honey, or apple sauce.
  • Kutia: traditional Christmas dish, made of poppy seeds, wheat, nuts, honey, and delicacies.
  • Pampushky: sweet dough similar to doughnut holes. Frequently tossed with sugar. Traditionally filled with rose preserve, but can also be filled with poppy seed or other sweet fillings.
  • Syrnyky: fried curd cheese fritters, sometimes with raisins, served with sour cream and jam.
  • Torte: many varieties of cakes, from moist to puffy, most typical ones being Kyjivskyj, Prazhskyj, and Trufelnyj. They are frequently made without flour, instead using ground walnuts or almonds.
  • Zhele: (plural and singular) jellied fruits, like cherries, pears, etc. or Ptashyne moloko (literally ‘birds' milk’)—milk/chocolate jelly.

Beverages[edit]

Alcoholic[edit]

  • Strong spirits (горілка, horilka): самогон Samohon (moonshine) is also popular, including with infusions of fruit, spices, or hot peppers.
  • Beer (пиво, pyvo): the largest producers of beer are Obolon, Lvivske, Chernihivske, Slavutych, Sarmat, and Rogan, which partly export their products.
  • Wine (вино, vyno): from Europe and Ukraine (particularly from Crimea). See Ukrainian wine.
  • Mead (мед, med, or медовуха, medovukha): a fermented alcoholic beverage made from honey, water, and yeast. Its flavour depends on the plants frequented by the honeybees, the length of time and method of aging, and the specific strain of yeast used. Its alcohol content will vary from maker to maker depending on the method of production.
  • Nalyvka (наливка): a home made wine made from cherries, raspberries, gooseberries, bilberries, blackberries, plums, blackthorns and other berries. Berries were put into a sulija (a big glass bottle), some sugar was added. After the berries fermented, the liquid was separated from the berries, and put into corked bottles. The berries were used to make pyrozhky (baked or fried pastry). The wine has about 15% of alcohol.

Non-alcoholic[edit]

  • Kompot (компот): a sweet beverage made of dried or fresh fruits and/or berries boiled in water.
  • Uzvar (узвар): a traditional compote made of dried fruit, mainly apples, pears, and prunes.
  • Kvas (квас): a sweet-and-sour sparkling beverage brewed from yeast, sugar, and dried rye bread.
  • Kefir (кефір):[1] milk fermented by both yeast and lactobacillus bacteria, and having a similar taste to yogurt. Homemade kefir may contain a slight amount of alcohol.
  • Mineral water: well-known brands are Truskavetska, Morshynska, and Myrhorodska. They usually come strongly carbonated.
  • Ryazhanka (ряжанка): another kind of natural yogurt made of baked milk.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Stechishin, Savella ([1957] 1995). Traditional Ukrainian Cookery (18th ed. ed.). Winnipeg: Trident Press. ISBN 0-919490-36-0. 
  • Stechishin, Savella. "Traditional Foods". Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Retrieved 2007-08-10. 
  • Ukrainian Women's Association of Canada, Daughters of Ukraine Branch (1984). Ukrainian Daughters' Cookbook (1st ed. ed.). Winnipeg: Centax of Canada. ISBN 0-919845-13-4. 
  • Lidiya Artyukh (2006). Tradytsiyna Ukrayinska Kukhnya (Traditional Ukrainian Cuisine). Kyiv: Baltia-Druk Publishing House.