Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2002

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2002
Ukraine
1998 ←
31 March 2002
→ 2006

All 450 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Viktor Yushchenko in Polish parliament..jpg Petro Symonenko.PNG Ministru prezidents Valdis Dombrovskis tiekas ar Ukrainas Augstākās Radas (parlamenta) priekšsēdētāju Volodimiru Ļitvinu (7447960224).jpg
Leader Viktor Yushchenko Petro Symonenko Volodymyr Lytvyn
Party Our Ukraine Communist Party For United Ukraine!
Leader since 2002 19 June 1993 15 December 2001
Last election 46 seats, 9.40% (as People's Movement of Ukraine) 121 seats, 25.4% 28 seats, 5.01% (as People's Democratic Party)
Seats won 111 66 101
Seat change Increase 65 Decrease 55 Increase 73
Popular vote 6,114,768 5,179,709 3,057,824
Percentage 24.5% 19.98% 11.79%
Swing Increase 14.18% Decrease 4.67% Increase 6.78%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Yulia Tymoshenko November 2009-3cropped.jpg Moroz 2003.jpg Medvedchuk3.jpg
Leader Yulia Tymoshenko Oleksandr Moroz Viktor Medvedchuk
Party Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc Socialist Party SDPU (united)
Last election 5 seats, 2.71% (as National Front) 34 seats, 8.55% 17 seats, 4.01%
Seats won 22 22 24
Seat change Increase 17 Decrease 12 Increase 7
Popular vote 1,883,194 1,780,998 1,627,319
Percentage 7.26% 6.87% 6.28%
Swing Increase 4.55% Decrease 1.68% Increase 2.27%

Вибори до ВР України 2002 по областях.png

Results of the 2002 parliamentary election.

Chairman of Parliament before election

Ivan Plyushch
Independent

Elected Chairman of Parliament

Volodymyr Lytvyn
For United Ukraine!

Parliamentary elections were held in Ukraine on 31 March 2002.[1] The Our Ukraine bloc emerged as the largest faction in the Verkhovna Rada, winning 111 of the 447 seats.[2]

The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe noted at the time that there were physical assaults and harassment of candidates and campaign workers associated with opposition political parties prior to the March election.[3] The Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc complained of campaign related violations including "an informal 'media blackout,' [and] negatively slanted coverage".[3]

Electoral system[edit]

Half of the deputies to Verkhovna Rada (parliament of Ukraine) were elected on proportional basis, while the other half were elected by popular vote in single-mandate constituencies.[4] In order to gain any (proportional) seats in Verkhovna Rada a party needed to receive at least 4% of the popular vote.[5]

Public opinion polls[edit]

Polls Our Ukraine Communists ZaEdU[6] SDPU (o)[7] BYuT[8] Socialists Vitrenko[9] Greens Zh/M[10] KOP[11] Apple
All-Ukrainian Social Service (3/31/2002)[12] 22% 20% 14% 8% 6% 5% 3.5%
Razumkov Centre (3/29/2002)[13] 26-28% 18-19% 7-8% 9-10% 7-8% 3.5-4.5% 4-5% 4.5-5.5% 4-5% 2.5-3.5% 2.5-3%
Politic's Institute (3/29/2002)[13] 29-32% 19-21% 6-8% 7-9% 4-5% 4-5% 5-6% 4-5%
Ukrainian Institute of Social Research and
Center "Social Monitoring" (3/27/2002)[14]
23-25% 17-19% 11-13% 10-12% 5.5-7% 3.5-4.5% 3-4% 4-5.5% 4-5.5% 2.5-4% 2.5-3.5%
Center SOCIS (3/27/2002)[14] 31-33% 17-19% 5-6% 7-8% 3-4% 2-3% 2-3% 5-6% 4-5%

Incidents[edit]

On March 29, 2002 the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko won a case on defamation against the Chairman of the Tax Administration of Ukraine Mykola Azarov. The Shevchenkivsky District Court of the Kiev city prohibited the Tax Administration of Ukraine to spread lies against the opposition electoral bloc.[15]

Late at night on March 29, 2002 was mortally wounded a vice-governor of the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast Mykola Shkriblyak. Shkriblyak was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united) and he ran for the Supreme Council (Verkhovna Rada) at the 90th electoral district. He died later in a local hospital.[16]

Results[edit]

Party PR Constituency Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Our Ukraine 6,108,088 24.5 70 3,281,204 13.4 41 111 New
Communist Party of Ukraine 5,178,074 20.8 59 2,341,033 9.6 7 66 –55
For United Ukraine 3,051,056 12.2 35 3,698,444 15.1 66 101 New
Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc 1,882,087 7.5 22 13,326 0.1 0 22 New
Socialist Party of Ukraine 1,780,642 7.1 20 853,155 3.5 2 22 –12
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (United) 1,626,721 6.5 19 550,928 2.3 5 24 +7
Party of Greens of Ukraine 338,252 1.4 0 55,554 0.2 0 0 –19
Nataliya Vitrenko Bloc 836,198 3.4 0 312,947 1.3 0 0 New
Women for the Future 547,916 2.2 0 27,969 0.1 0 0 New
Team of Winter Generation 525,025 2.1 0 0 New
Communist Party of Ukraine (renewed) 362,712 1.5 0 14,997 0.1 0 0 New
Yabluko 299,764 1.2 0 284,216 1.2 0 0 New
Bloc Unity 282,491 1.1 0 634,166 2.6 3 3 New
DemPU-DemU 227,393 0.9 0 321,231 1.3 4 4 New
New Generation of Ukraine 201,157 0.8 0 11,651 0.1 0 0 New
Russian Bloc 190,839 0.8 0 29,789 0.1 0 0 New
For Ukraine, Belarus and Russia
  • For Human Rights
  • Light from the East
112,259 0.5 0 0 New
Communist Party of Workers and Peasants 106,904 0.4 0 173,754 0.7 0 0 New
Peasant Party of Ukraine 98,428 0.4 0 91,197 0.4 0 0
Party for the Rehabilitation of the Invalids of Ukraine 91,098 0.4 0 48,518 0.2 0 0 New
All-Ukrainian Party of Workers 88,842 0.4 0 38,214 0.2 0 0 0
All-Ukrainian Association of Christians 75,174 0.3 0 15,252 0.1 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Ukraine 68,664 0.3 0 0 New
Popular Movement of Ukraine Bloc 41,730 0.2 0 152,038 1.0 0 0 New
Against All Bloc
  • Patriotic Party of Ukraine
  • Political Party of Small and Middle Business of Ukraine
29,665 0.1 0 0 New
Ukrainian Party of Mariners 29,025 0.1 0 38,743 0.2 1 1 New
Popular Party of Investors and Social Protection 27,273 0.1 0 21,040 0.1 0 0 New
New Force 26,299 0.1 0 70,415 0.3 0 0 New
Christian Movement 23,591 0.1 0 0 New
Justice Association of Leftists 21,957 0.1 0 72,664 0.3 0 0 New
Ukrainian National Assembly 11,839 0.0 0 2,917 0.0 0 0 New
New World
  • New World
  • Ukrainian Party
11,048 0.0 0 0 New
LPU (o) 8,535 0.0 0 0 New
Party of National Economic Development of Ukraine 50,203 0.2 1 1 +1
People's Party 3,836 0.0 0 0 New
Christian Democratic Party of Ukraine 6,573 0.0 0 0 –2
Independents 9,386,499 38.4 92 92 –19
Against all 635,199 2.5 1,922,784 7.9
Vacant 0 3 3 –2
Invalid/blank votes 963,462 1,457,594
Total 25,909,407 100 225 25,982,851 100 225 450 0
Registered voters/turnout 37,403,661 69.3 37,403,661 69.5
Source; Nohlen & Stöver

The final election results differed greatly from the final opinion poll.[17] The 2002 parliamentary elections were the first that substantially reduced fragmentation of the Verkhovna Rada and laid the groundwork for consolidation of political views in the parliament.

Yushchenko's Our Ukraine gathered most of its support from western and central regions of Ukraine, including the city of Kiev. The Communist Party received most of its votes from eastern and southern regions, as well as from Crimea. For United Ukraine block, which included Victor Yanukovych's Party of Regions, got most of its votes from eastern regions of Ukraine. Donetsk Oblast was the stronghold of the block, where it received more than twice the number of votes (36.83%) compared to the next highest supporting region: Sumy Oblast with 17.05% of the region's voters. Yulia Tymoshenko's block's support came predominantly from western regions, while the Socialists were most supported in the central regions. While the Tymoshenko block received more of the national vote compared to the Socialist Party, it did not gain a plurality in any of the regions, while the Socialist Party managed to secure plurality of votes in Poltava Oblast with 22.05%.

Faction changes after 2002 election[edit]

After the election, several MPs left their parties to join another others.[18]

e • d Faction changes after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2002 (main parties and alliances)
Parties and alliances Number of seats on 15 May 2002 Number of seats on 19 October 2002 Number of seats on 2 January 2003 Number of seats on 16 September 2005 Green Arrow Up.svg  Red Arrow Down.svg
Viktor Yushchenko Bloc Our Ukraine 119 110 102 45 Red Arrow Down.svg 74 seats
Communist Party of Ukraine 64 61 60 56 Red Arrow Down.svg 8 seats
For United Ukraine 175 Disbanded Disbanded Disbanded Red Arrow Down.svg 175 seats
Electoral Bloc Yuliya Tymoshenko 23 20 18 40 Green Arrow Up.svg 17 seats
Socialist Party of Ukraine 22 21 20 26 Green Arrow Up.svg 4 seats
United Social Democratic Party of Ukraine 31 38 40 20 Red Arrow Down.svg 11 seats
Source: Virtual Politics - Faking Democracy in the Post-Soviet World, Andrew Wilson, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-09545-7 & Ukraine on Its Meandering Path Between East and West by Andrej Lushnycky and Mykola Riabchuk, Peter Lang, 2009, ISBN 303911607X & Ukraine at the Crossroads: Velvet Revolution or Belarusification by Olexiy Haran, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, October 2002

By October 2002 the For United Ukraine faction had broken down in 8 new parliamentary factions.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1976 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1991
  3. ^ a b Ukraine:Treatment of the Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (SDPU); relationship with the National Salvation Forum (FNB); treatment of FNB members, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada via UNHCR (14 August 2003)
  4. ^ Against All Odds: Aiding Political Parties in Georgia and Ukraine (UvA Proefschriften) by Max Bader, Vossiuspers UvA, 2010, ISBN 90-5629-631-0 (page 93)
  5. ^ Ukraine at the Crossroads: Economic Reforms in International Perspective by Axel Siedenberg (Editor), Lutz Hoffmann, Physica-Verlag Heidelberg, 1999, ISBN 3790811890/ISBN 978-3790811896 (page 184)
  6. ^ For One Ukraine
  7. ^ Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (united)
  8. ^ Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko
  9. ^ Bloc of Nataliya Vitrenko
  10. ^ Women for Future
  11. ^ Team of Winter Generation
  12. ^ (Ukrainian) "За ЄдУ" отримує свої 14%. У відповідному exit-poll (ZaEdU is receiving its 14%. In the respective exit-poll). Ukrayinska Pravda. March 31, 2002
  13. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Вибори-2002: остаточний прогноз (Elections-2002: the final forecast). Ukrayinska Pravda. March 29, 2002
  14. ^ a b Рейтинги переможців. Без табу (Ratings of victors. No taboo). Ukrayinska Pravda. March 27, 2002
  15. ^ Тимошенко виграла суд у Азарова (Tymoshenko won case against Azarov). Ukrayinska Pravda. March 29, 2002
  16. ^ Вбито кандидата в депутати від СДПУ(О) (A parliamentary candidate from SDPU (u) was killed). Ukrayinska Pravda. March 30, 2002
  17. ^ Ukraine's election frontrunners, BBC News (28 March 2002)
  18. ^ Virtual Politics - Faking Democracy in the Post-Soviet World, Andrew Wilson, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-09545-7
  19. ^ Ukraine at the Crossroads: Velvet Revolution or Belarusification by Olexiy Haran, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, October 2002

External links[edit]