Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006
Ukraine
2002 ←
March 26, 2006 → 2007

All 450 seats to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
226 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Accelerating Infrastructure Development Viktor Yanukovych (8412048532).jpg Julia Tymoshenko 2008.png Yuriy Yekha.jpg
Leader Viktor Yanukovych Yulia Tymoshenko Yuriy Yekhanurov
Party Party of Regions Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc Our Ukraine
Leader since April 13, 2003 February 9, 2001 September 8, 2005
Last election 101 seats, 11.79% (as For United Ukraine) 22, 7.26% 111 seats, 23.58%
Seats won 186 129 81
Seat change Increase 85 Increase 107 Decrease 30
Popular vote 8,148,745 5,652,876 3,539,140
Percentage 32.14% 22.29% 13.95%
Swing Increase 20.35% Increase 15.03% Decrease 9.63%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Moroz 2003.jpg Petro Symonenko.jpg
Leader Oleksandr Moroz Petro Symonenko
Party Socialist Party Communist Party
Last election 22 seats, 6.87% 66 seats, 19.98%
Seats won 33 21
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 45
Popular vote 1,444,224 929,591
Percentage 5.69% 3.66%
Swing Decrease 1.18% Decrease 16.32

Wahlkreise ukraine 2006 eng.png

Results of the 2006 parliamentary election.

Chairman of Parliament before election

Volodymyr Lytvyn
For United Ukraine!

Elected Chairman of Parliament

Oleksandr Moroz
Socialist Party

The Ukrainian parliamentary election took place on March 26, 2006. Election campaigning officially began on July 7, 2005. Between November 26 and December 31, 2005 party lists of candidates were formed.

The election to the Ukrainian parliament, Verkhovna Rada, was held according to the Party-list proportional election system—that is, in a single nation-wide electoral district[1] with votes being allocated to the political parties or election blocs rather than to individual candidates. In the previous parliamentary elections half of parliamentary representatives (deputies) were elected on proportional basis, while the other half were elected in single-mandate constituencies.[1]

The constitution was amended in 2005 following negotiations and agreements during the 2004 presidential elections, abolishing single member-districts and replacing them with an increased multi-member proportional representation. The amended constitution, which took effect on January 1, 2006, also transferred some power from the President to the parliament, making Ukraine a parliamentary-presidential democracy.

According to the election law and the system adopted, the political parties or election blocs need to collect at least 3% of the national vote in order to gain seats in parliament.

Results[edit]

Party of Regions results (32.14%) Percentage of total national vote
Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko results (22.29%) Percentage of total national vote
Our Ukraine results (13.95%) Percentage of total national vote
Socialist Party of Ukraine results (5.69%) Percentage of total national vote
Communist Party of Ukraine results (3.66%) Percentage of total national vote

According to the Central Election Commission of Ukraine 67.13% of registered voters participated in the election.

On April 10 the Central Election Commission (CVK) announced the final results of vote counting; the results can be seen at the Commission's website. As a result of the election, out of 45 parties, only 5 passed the required 3% electoral threshold (see the table below).

Comparing the results with early polls (but not with 2005 opinion polls[2][1]), it was unexpected that President Viktor Yushchenko's party "Our Ukraine" received less than 14% of the national vote, coming third after the Party of Regions, and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc.

As per preliminary results, the Ukrainian Communist Party was soundly trounced, getting less than 4% of the vote and 21 deputies as a result, as opposed to their 20% in the 2002 elections.

The People's Opposition Bloc of Natalia Vitrenko did not pass the electoral threshold collecting only 2.93% of total votes recorded, 0.07% short of the required 3% electoral threshold. According to the law the threshold is calculated based on the total number of the voted ballots, including the general non-confidence votes (i.e. ballots of those who voted against all parties listed) as well as invalid votes (e.g. votes for more than one party as such option is not provided by electoral law). If such votes were excluded from the total, then Vitrenko party would have received over 3% of the formal vote. Commenting the preliminary results the leader of the Opposition Bloc, Natalia Vitrenko expressed: "Based on what grounds CVK shows the total number of actual voters as 25,250 thousands? According to CVK data, 2% of votes are invalid, and 1.8% are "against all", therefore these numbers should be excluded. The base for calculations should not be more than 24,500 thousand; and that is 3% out of the votes that CVK counted for out Bloc."[2] Nonetheless, according to the Law on Election, Article 1.4 "The mandates are distributed to the parties (blocs) that obtained no less than three percents of votes of voters that participated in the election"

A set of parties which did not pass the electoral threshold, notably People's Opposition Bloc of Natalia Vitrenko and the Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak" have made claims of the elections being highly falsified and asked for vote recount. Recent reports in the media have indicated that Ukraine's President has also suggested that if necessary a partial recount of the March 26 ballot should be made. If significant mistakes were made in the tally of votes there is a chance for Opposition Block of Natalia Vitrenko to exceed the 3% threshold required by law.

Over 22% of voters who supported minor candidates (with less than the 3%) will not be represented by the parties elected due to the electoral method used (party list proportional representation with an election threshold).

After a proposed agreement between Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, Bloc "Our Ukraine", and the Socialist Party of Ukraine to form the government fell apart the Socialist Party later formed a governing coalition with the Party of Regions and the Communist Party of Ukraine (the so-called Alliance of National Unity). Viktor Yanukovych was appointed Prime Minister on August 4, with the backing of 30 deputies of the "Our Ukraine" Bloc, after the parties agreed on the principals of state policy expressed in the Universal of National Unity.

e • d Summary of the 26 March 2006 Supreme Council of Ukraine final election results
Parties and blocs
(3% votes party threshold)
Votes % Swing % Seats Increase Decrease 2002 Seats
Party of Regions(4) (Партія регіонів) 8,148,745 32.14 Increase 20.35 186 Increase 85
Bloc Yuliya Tymoshenko (Блок Юлії Тимошенко) 5,652,876 22.29 Increase 15.03 129 Increase 107
Bloc Our Ukraine(1) (Блок Наша Україна) 3,539,140 13.95 Decrease 9.63 81 Decrease 30
Socialist Party of Ukraine (Соціалістична партія України) 1,444,224 5.69 Decrease 1.18 33 Increase 11
Communist Party of Ukraine (Комуністична партія України) 929,591 3.66 Decrease 16.32 21 Decrease 45
3% threshold for the party-list vote
People's Opposition Bloc of Natalia Vitrenko(10) (Блок Наталії Вітренко Народна Опозиція) 743,704 2.93 Decrease 0.30 0 Steady 0
Lytvyn's People's Bloc (Народний блок Литвина ) 619,905 2.44 Increase 0.41 0 N/A
Ukrainian National Bloc of Kostenko and Plyushch (Український Народний Блок Костенка і Плюща) 476,155 1.87 N/A 0 N/A
Viche(6) (Віче) 441,912 1.74 N/A 0 N/A
"Civil Political Bloc Pora-Reforms and Order Party" (Блок Пора-Партія Реформи і Порядок) 373,478 1.47 N/A 0 N/A
Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak" (Опозиційний Блок "Не Так") 257,106 1.01 Decrease 5.27 0 Decrease 24
Party Revival (Партія "Відродження") 245,188 0.96 N/A 0 New party
Bloc of Yuriy Karamazin(5) (Блок ЮРІЯ КАРМАЗІНА) 165,881 0.65 N/A 0 Steady 0
Party of Greens of Ukraine (Партія Зелених України) 137,858 0.54 Decrease 0.77 0 Steady 0
Block of People's Democratic Parties(12) (Блок НДП) 126,586 0.49 Decrease 0.39 0 Decrease 4
Party of Environmental Help "EKO+25%"(5) (Політична партія "Партія екологічного порятунку "ЕКО+25%") 120,238 0.47 N/A 0 Steady 0
Ukrainian Party "Green Planet" (Українська партія "Зелена планета") 96,734 0.38 N/A 0 New party
All-Ukrainian Union "Freedom"(5) (Всеукраїнське об’єднання "Свобода") 91,321 0.36 N/A 0 Steady 0
Peasant Party of Ukraine (Селянська партія України) 79,160 0.31 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Lazarenko Bloc ("Блок Лазаренкo") 76,950 0.30 Increase 0.03 0 Steady 0
Party of National Economical Development of Ukraine(5) (Партія національно-економічного розвитку України) 60,195 0.23 N/A 0 Decrease 1
Electoral bloc of political parties "For Union"(14) (Виборчий блок політичних партій "ЗА СОЮЗ") 51,569 0.20 Decrease 0.54 0 Steady 0
Party of Pensioners of Ukraine(5) (Партія Пенсіонерів України) 51,097 0.20 N/A 0 Steady 0
Electoral bloc "State - Toiling Union" (Виборчий блок "Держава - Трудовий Союз") 36,396 0.14 Decrease 0.20 0 Steady 0
Political Party "Third Force" (Політична партія "Третя Сила") 34,963 0.13 N/A 0 New party
People's Movement of Ukraine for Unity(11) (Народний Рух України за єдність) 34,723 0.13 Decrease 0.03 0 Steady 0
Party of Putin Policy (Політична партія України "Партія політики ПУТІНА") 30,917 0.12 N/A 0 New party
All-Ukrianian Party of People's Trust(5) (Всеукраїнська партія Народної Довіри) 29,899 0.11 N/A 0 Steady 0
Ukrainian Party of Honor, Fight with Corruption and Organized Crime (Українська партія честі, боротьби з корупцією та організованою злочинністю) 28,818 0.11 N/A 0 New party
Party of Patriotic Forces of Ukraine (Партія патріотичних сил України) 26,553 0.10 N/A 0 New party
Ukrainian Conservative Party (Українська Консервативна партія) 25,123 0.09 N/A 0 New party
Labour Ukraine(4) (Політична партія "Трудова Україна") 24,942 0.09 N/A 0 New party
Power of People(5) (Виборчий блок "Влада народу") 24,243 0.09 N/A 0 Steady 0
Social Ecological Party "Union. Chornobyl. Ukraine" (Соціально-екологічна партія "Союз. Чорнобиль. Україна.") 23,987 0.09 N/A 0 New party
Social Christian Party (Соціально-Християнська Партія) 22,953 0.09 N/A 0 New party
Oliynyk and Syrota Bloc(5) (Виборчий блок: "Блок Бориса Олійника та Михайла Сироти") 21,649 0.08 N/A 0 Steady 0
Electoral bloc Marchuk - "Unity"(13) (Виборчий блок "Євген Марчук - "Єдність") 17,004 0.06 Decrease 1.03 0 Steady 0
Ukrainian National Assembly (Українська Національна Асамблея) 16,379 0.06 Increase 0.02 0 Steady 0
Party of Social Security(5) (Партія Соціального Захисту) 14,649 0.05 N/A 0 Steady 0
Bloc of Independents "Sun"(5) (Блок Безпартійних "Сонце") 12,620 0.04 N/A 0 Steady 0
All-Ukrainian Party "New Force" (Всеукраїнська партія "Нова Сила") 12,522 0.04 Decrease 0.06 0 Steady 0
Liberal Party of Ukraine(2) (Ліберальна партія України) 12,098 0.04 N/A 0 New part
Political Party "European Capital" (Політична партія "Європейська столиця") 12,027 0.04 N/A 0 New part
Patriots of Ukraine(16) (Блок "Патріоти України") 11,503 0.04 Decrease 0.07 0 Steady 0
Forward, Ukraine!(2) (Політична партія "Вперед, Україно!") 25,123 0.02 N/A 0 New part
Against all 449,650 1.77 Decrease 0.73
Invalid ballot papers 490,595 1.93 Decrease 1.86
Total 25,352,380 100 ? 450 Increase 3
Source: Central Election Commission of Ukraine (English)

Notes:

  • ^(1) Participated as Bloc Victor Yushchenko Our Ukraine in 2002
  • ^(2) Participated in Bloc Victor Yushchenko Our Ukraine in 2002
  • ^(3) Participated in Ruthenian bloc in 2002
  • ^(4) Participated in For United Ukraine in 2002
  • ^(5) Did not participate in 2002
  • ^(6) Participated in Team of Winter Generation in 2002
  • ^(7) Participated in Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko in 2002
  • ^(8) Participated as independent in 2002
  • ^(9) New party
  • ^(10) Participated as Bloc Nataliya Vitrenko in 2002
  • ^(11) Participated in People's Movement of Ukraine bloc in 2002
  • ^(12) Participated as DemPU-DS in 2002
  • ^(13) Participated as Unity in 2002
  • ^(14) Participated as Ruthenian bloc in 2002
  • ^(15) Participated in Unity in 2002
  • ^(16) Participated as Against all in 2002

Electoral maps[edit]

Maps showing the top six parties support - percentage of total national vote (minimal text)
Party of Regions results (32.14%)
Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko results (22.29%)
Our Ukraine results (13.95%)
Communist Party of Ukraine results (3.66%)
Bloc Lytvyn Party results (2.44%)
Socialist Party of Ukraine results (5.69%)

World reaction[edit]

Lesser Coat of Arms of Ukraine.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Ukraine
Constitution

According to Arabic newsmedia Aljazeera, Party of the regions had alleged that the general elections had been marred by irregularities and poor organisation as the first exit polls were published. But while acknowledging some organisational problems, most other parties and Western observers have given the vote a largely clean bill of health. [3]

Russian newspaper Izvestia predicts that Ukraine can expect more political instability and worsening economic situation. [4]

According to Russian Gazeta.ru, Tymoshenko, Yushchenko and the Socialists can form a coalition. Yulia Tymoshenko was sure she will become a new PM. Yushchenko and Georgian President Saakishvili already congratulated her with victory. [5],[6],[7]

According to Russian RIAN, Tymoshenko promised to reconsider the Russian-Ukrainian gas deal. [8]

Washington Post informed that Yushchenko's party was beaten into a humiliating third place in parliamentary elections as the pro-Russian party of the man he defeated for the presidency 16 months ago appeared headed for a clear victory, according to exit polls. The Party of Regions, led by Viktor Yanukovych, who was defeated by Yushchenko in 2004 following massive street protests known as the Orange Revolution, secured a commanding 33.3 percent of the vote, according to one poll. A second exit poll gave his party 27.5 percent. [9]

On March 27, Arabic Aljazeera reported that Yulia Tymoshenko, the former PM, had scored a triumph in parliamentary elections with her own bloc coming second and placing her in a position to form a coalition government. Viktor Yanukovich's pro-Russian Regions party won the most seats, but Tymoshenko emerged as a rejuvenated political figure, saying that "Orange Revolution" liberals could close ranks to keep the pro-Russian party in opposition. The outcome was a double humiliation for Viktor Yushchenko, the president, who defeated Yanukovich in a presidential poll re-run after December's 2004 street protests, and later fell out with Tymoshenko, his former Orange Revolution comrade. [10]

According to Forbes.com, Tymoshenko urged her estranged Orange Revolution allies to form a united front against their old pro-Russian nemesis, who was leading in early results from a weekend parliamentary election. Proposed coalition talks, which were supposed to get under way Monday, were delayed indefinitely.[11]

Russian online media Lenta.ru reported that activists of Vitrenko's party erected tents and started boycotting the premises of Ukrainian Central Election Commission in protest of alleged violations. [12]. According to Interfax-Ukraine[13], the tents are mostly empty. [14]

Parties and electoral blocs registered[edit]

A record number of forty five parties registered for the election, with only five securing the minimum 3% quota required to elect representatives to the Ukrainian parliament. Seats in the Verkhovna Rada are allocated among those parties securing the 3% quota according to the largest remainder method of seat allocation, using the Hare quota. Each party meeting the 3% quota is entitled to appoint one representative for every 1/450 (approximately 0.22%) of the total vote allocated to all parties exceeding the 3% threshold, with remaining seats being awarded to the parties with the largest remaining fractions of 1/450 of the total vote allocated to all parties meeting the 3% threshold.

Name of the party or electoral bloc (number of candidates):

(Parties or blocs which have obtained at least 3% of the vote are in bold)

Exit-polls[edit]

National exit poll 2006 Exit-poll Ukrainian sociology service Exit-poll "FOM-Ukraine"

Source: Korrespondent.net

Polls before the election day[edit]

According to earlier polls, front-runners where Party of Regions on 34%, Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc on 24%, as well as President Yushchenko's People's Union Our Ukraine.

Two other political forces that where virtually assured to pass a 3% barrier where the Socialist Party of Ukraine headed by Oleksander Moroz and the bloc of the current Speaker of Verkhovna Rada, Volodymyr Lytvyn (based on his former Agrarian Party of Ukraine renamed to the People's Party).

The Communist Party of Ukraine, which has progressively received less and less votes with each election (25% in 1998, 20% in 2002), was expected to continue their decline in voter support.

Whilst some parties have nominated over 400 candidates, it was always unlikely that any single Party would elect over 200 members. In order to form a Government, under Ukraine's constitution, parties will need to form a coalition with two or more voting blocks within the first month following the declaration of the polls.

Razumkov Centre Poll[edit]

Each 2 weeks Razumkov Centre held a representative national survey.

Table 1 shows the results for the parties likely to pass the three percent threshold.

Graph showing latest poll #3,Jan(2)by Razumkov published Feb 2006
Table 1: Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006, Survey
Party or electoral bloc Nov. 2005 [15] Jan. 2006 (1) [16] Jan. 2006 (2) [17]
Party of Regions 17.5% 24.7% 27.4%
Bloc "Our Ukraine" 13.5% 15.4% 16.9%
Yuliya Tymoshenko Bloc 12.4% 12.0% 12.7%
Socialist Party of Ukraine 5.6% 4.6% 6.3%
Communist Party of Ukraine 5.8% 4.6% 6.2%
Lytvyn's People's Bloc 3.3% 3.0% 3.4%
Nataliya Vitrenko Bloc "People's Opposition" 2.6%[18] 2.5% 1.8%
Other 5.3% 7.7% 7.4%
Against all 6.7% 3.9% 4.1%
Will not vote 6.4% 2.5% 3.1%
Does not know/no opinion 20.9% 19.1% 10.5%
Not answered - - 0.2%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
number of respondents 1993 2290 2016
precision (p-value) 2.3% 2.1% 2.3%

The latest Razumkov poll shows a consolidation of voter opinion and if the results of the poll are a true indication of voter intention the voter participation rate will be above 90% of registered voters. Voting in Ukraine is not compulsory. Votes below the 3% threshold are discarded which increases the proportional share of seats allocated to the remaining party/blocs. There is still 10.5% of voters undecided.

Kyiv International Institute of Sociology[edit]

Kyiv International Institute of Sociology presented the latest poll on February 9 based on a survey during 20-27 of January[19].

Table 2 shows the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) poll results for the parties likely to pass the three percent threshold.

Graph showing poll results by Kyiv International Institute of Sociology published Feb 2006
Regional division used by KIIS
Table 2: Ukrainian parliamentary election, January 2006, Survey
Party or electoral bloc Ukraine West Center South East
Party of Regions 29.9% 5.0% 8.5% 43.5% 68.1%
Bloc "Our Ukraine" 18.5% 38.4% 23.4% 9.6% 2.3%
Yuliya Tymoshenko Bloc 10.4% 16.6% 16.6% 5.3% 2.0%
Socialist Party of Ukraine 4.0% 2.1% 8.9% 2.0% 1.5%
Communist Party of Ukraine 4.5% 0.9% 4.3% 6.5% 6.0%
Lytvyn's People's Bloc 2.6% 1.8% 3.8% 3.7% 0.4%
Nataliya Vitrenko Bloc "People's Opposition" 1.3% 0.7% 0.3% 2.5% 1.8%
Civic Bloc "Pora" 0.7% 1.9% 0.3% 0.7% 0.2%
Greens Party 0.6% 0.3% 1.0% 0.6% 0.2%
Ukrainian People's Bloc of Kostenko and Plyusch 0.5% 1.1% 0.7% 0.2% 0.0%
Opposition Bloc "Ne Tak" 0.5% 0.6% 0.2% 0.7% 0.7%
Other (less than 0.4% each) 3.0% 1.6% 4.1% 3.6% 1.9%
Undecided 13.5% 20.5% 13.7% 12.6% 7.3%
Against all 5.7% 4.2% 10.2% 3.3% 4.0%
Does not vote 4.3% 4.3% 4.0% 5.2% 3.6%
Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

The map to the right shows the non administrative regional division used by KIIS: The Western region (orange) comprises the eight oblasts of the west - Volyn, Rivne, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil, Khmelnytskyi, Transcarpathia, and Chernivtsi oblasts; the Central region (yellow) is made up by Zhytomyr, Vinnytsia, Kirovohrad, Cherkasy, Poltava, Sumy, Chernihiv and Kiev oblasts as well as the city of Kiev; the Southern region (light blue) consists of Dnipropetrovsk, Odessa, Mykolayiv, Kherson, Zaporizhzhia oblasts, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol; the Eastern region (dark blue) includes Kharkiv, Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Razumkov Centre: 21 листопада 2005 Рейтинг політичних партій України (Центр ім.О. Разумков) (Conducted 3–13 November 2005, published 21 November 2005, Ukrainian only, edited)
  2. ^ Razumkov Centre: 20 січня 2006 Електоральні рейтинги партій і блоків (Центр ім.О. Разумков) (Conducted 12–17 January 2006, published 20 January, Ukrainian only, edited)
  3. ^ Razumkov Centre: 8 лютого 2006 Наміри голосування на виборах до Верховної Ради України та ідеологічні орієнтації громадян (Центр ім.О. Разумков) (Conducted 26–31 January 2006, published 8 February, Ukrainian only, edited)
  4. ^ The November survey included Vitrenko's Progressive Socialist Party of Ukraine. In January it was replaced with Nataliya Vitrenko Bloc "People's Opposition", which also includes the Party "Rus'-Ukrainian Union" (RUS')
  5. ^ Kiev International Institute of Sociology:Report Documentation Link

External links[edit]