13,990 (by birth, 2011 census)
38,791 (by ancestry, 2011 census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth|
|Ukrainian, Australian English|
|Byzantine Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Judaism|
Ukrainian Australian refers to an Australian citizens of Ukrainian descent. They are an ethnic minority in Australia, numbering about 38,000 people according to the 2011 Census. Currently, the main concentrations of Ukrainians are located in the cities of Sydney and Melbourne.
One of the first Ukrainian migrants to Australia was Mykhailo Hlyb, who in the 1860s established a sheep farm. A notable Ukrainian who visited Australia was Nicholas Miklouho-Maclay, an ethnographer and naturalist who came to Australia in 1878, and besides scientific and ethnographic studies, was responsible for the building of Australia's first biological field station at Watson's Bay in NSW.
Prior to World War I, up to 5,000 Ukrainians migrated to Australia, with some settling in communities in Brisbane. However, the main body of Ukrainians emigrated to Australia along with other nationalities in the post-World War II wave of refugees from Europe. These refugees were called "displaced persons" and started arriving in 1948 as part of the International Refugee Organization resettlement agreement or on assisted passages which included 2-year work contracts with the Australian Government. The 1947 Australian Census did not list Ukraine as a birthplace, though the 1954 Census recorded 14,757 as Ukraine-born.
The number of migrants from Soviet Ukraine was minimal, though there was a limited migration of Ukrainians from communities in Poland and Yugoslavia. In 1991 Ukraine gained independence, and over the next five years the Ukraine-born population increased for the first time in many decades, in Victoria from 2,937 in 1991 to 5,370 in 1996. Many of these new post-independence migrants were young professionals in the fields of science, mathematics and computer technology.
According to the 2011 Census, today there is an active Ukrainian community of about 38,000 people, with most of them living in Melbourne and Sydney. There are active Ukrainian communities and centres in Geelong, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide and Canberra, with smaller centres in Queanbeyan, Hobart, Newcastle, Moe, Albury-Wodonga, and Northam.
The Australian Federation of Ukrainian Organisations is the umbrella organisation that represents the Ukrainian community in Australia. Each State has a number of Ukrainian community associations, or hromadas. The Ukrainian Council of NSW represents the Ukrainian hromadas in New South Wales.
The Ukrainian community in Australia was very active in the formation of a variety of cultural organisations, including choirs, folk dancing groups, and arts organisations like the Ukrainian Artists Society of Australia.
Notable Ukrainian Australians
- Maurice Abraham Cohen, educator
- Rachael Finch, model
- Alex Jesaulenko, Australian Rules footballer
- Michael Kmit, painter
- Harry Messel, educator
- Bohdan Nyskohus, footballer
- Jared Petrenko, Australian Rules footballer
- Nikita Rukavytsya, footballer
- Elen Levon, singer-songwriter
- Category:Australian people of Ukrainian descent
- Ukrainian diaspora
- Immigration to Australia
- Ukrainian Artists Society of Australia
Notes and references
- Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Ukrainian Australians". Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- Community Relations Section of DIAC. "Ukraine-born". Department of Social Services (Australia). Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Ukrainians in Australia". Embassy of Ukraine in Australia. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Mandyczewsky, Andrew. "Overview of the Ukrainian Community in Australia". OzeUkes. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "History of immigration from Ukraine". Museum of Victoria. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- Mandyczewsky, Andrew. "A Chronological History of Ukrainians in Australia". OzeUkes. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Ukrainians of Australia". Yedyna-Ukrayina (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 23 March 2007.
- ozeukes.com — Ukrainian community in Australia