Ulanqab

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Ulanqab
乌兰察布市 · ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
Prefecture-level city
Huanghuagou, a grassland scenic spot near Ulanqab
Huanghuagou, a grassland scenic spot near Ulanqab
Ulanqab (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ulanqab (red) in Inner Mongolia (orange)
Ulanqab is located in Inner Mongolia
Ulanqab
Ulanqab
Location of the city centre in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 41°00′N 113°08′E / 41.000°N 113.133°E / 41.000; 113.133Coordinates: 41°00′N 113°08′E / 41.000°N 113.133°E / 41.000; 113.133
Country People's Republic of China
Region Inner Mongolia
Municipal seat Jining District
Area
 • Total 54,491 km2 (21,039 sq mi)
Elevation 1,378 m (4,521 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,143,590
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 012000
Area code(s) (0)474
Licence Plate Prefix J
Website wulanchabu.gov.cn
Ulanqab
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 乌兰察布
Traditional Chinese 烏蘭察布
Mongolian name
Mongolian Cyrillic Улаанцав хот
Mongolian script ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ

Ulanqab or Wūlánchábù (Mongolian: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠴᠠᠪ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ Ulaɣančab qota; Chinese: 乌兰察布) is a region administered as a prefecture-level city in south-central Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. Its administrative centre is in Jining District, which was formerly a county-level city. It was established as a prefecture-level city on 1 December 2003, formed from the former Ulanqab League.

Ulaan Chab city has an area of 54,491 square kilometres (21,039 sq mi). It borders Hohhot to the west, Mongolia to the north, Xilin Gol League to the northeast, Hebei to the east and Shanxi to the south. At the end of 2004, Ulanqab had 2.7 million inhabitants.

The western part of Ulaan Chab used to be part of the now defunct Chinese province of Suiyuan.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Ulaan Chab has eleven administrative divisions: one district, one county-level city, five counties and four banners:

Map
Ulanqab mcp.png
# Name Mongolian Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 est.)
Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Jining District ᠵᠢᠨᠢᠩ ᠲᠣᠭᠣᠷᠢᠭ
(Jiniŋ toɣoriɣ)
集宁区 Jíníng Qū 300,000 114 2,281
2 Fengzhen City ᠹᠧᠩᠵᠧᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ
(Fėŋjėn qota)
丰镇市 Fēngzhèn Shì 340,000 2,703 115
3 Zhuozi County ᠵᠦᠸᠧᠽᠢ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Jüvėdzi siyan)
卓资县 Zhuózī Xiàn 230,000 3,119 74
4 Huade County ᠬᠤᠸᠠᠳᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Quvadė siyan)
化德县 Huàdé Xiàn 180,000 2,527 63
5 Shangdu County ᠬᠤᠸᠠᠳᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Quvadė siyan)
商都县 Shāngdū Xiàn 350,000 4,304 77
6 Xinghe County ᠰᠢᠩᠾᠧ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Siŋhė siyan)
兴和县 Xīnghé Xiàn 330,000 3,520 85
7 Liangcheng County ᠯᠢᠶᠠᠩᠴᠠᠩ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
(Liyaŋčaŋ siyan)
凉城县 Liángchéng Xiàn 250,000 3,451 67
8 Chahar Right Front Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Čaqar Baraɣun Ɣarun Emünedü qosiɣu)
察哈尔右翼前旗 Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Qián Qí 250,000 2,734 95
9 Chahar Right Middle Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠳᠤᠮᠳᠠᠳᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Čaqar Baraɣun Ɣarun Dumdadu qosiɣu)
察哈尔右翼中旗 Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Zhōng Qí 220,000 4,200 50
10 Chahar Right Back Banner ᠴᠠᠬᠠᠷ ᠪᠠᠷᠠᠭᠤᠨ ᠭᠠᠷᠤᠨ ᠬᠣᠶᠢᠲᠤ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Čaqar Baraɣun Ɣarun Qoyitu qosiɣu)
察哈尔右翼后旗 Cháhā'ěr Yòuyì Hòu Qí 220,000 3,803 55
11 Siziwang Banner ᠳᠥᠷᠪᠡᠳ ᠬᠣᠰᠢᠭᠤ
(Dörbed qosiɣu)
四子王旗 Sìzǐwáng Qí 220,000 24,016 8

Geography and climate[edit]

Ulanqab features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), marked by long, cold and very dry winters, warm, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. More than half of the annual precipitation of around 360 millimetres (14.2 in) falls in July and August alone.


Climate data for Jining District (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
13.1
(55.6)
18.2
(64.8)
30.1
(86.2)
31.9
(89.4)
32.4
(90.3)
33.6
(92.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.4
(90.3)
24.6
(76.3)
18.3
(64.9)
8.3
(46.9)
33.6
(92.5)
Average high °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−2.4
(27.7)
4.0
(39.2)
13.1
(55.6)
20.0
(68)
24.0
(75.2)
25.4
(77.7)
23.7
(74.7)
18.8
(65.8)
12.1
(53.8)
2.7
(36.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
10.9
(51.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.0
(8.6)
−9.7
(14.5)
−2.8
(27)
5.9
(42.6)
13.2
(55.8)
17.7
(63.9)
19.5
(67.1)
17.6
(63.7)
12.1
(53.8)
5.0
(41)
−3.9
(25)
−10.6
(12.9)
4.25
(39.66)
Average low °C (°F) −18.5
(−1.3)
−15.6
(3.9)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.1
(30)
5.7
(42.3)
10.7
(51.3)
13.6
(56.5)
11.9
(53.4)
5.8
(42.4)
−1
(30)
−9.1
(15.6)
−15.8
(3.6)
−1.9
(28.6)
Record low °C (°F) −32.4
(−26.3)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
−6.0
(21.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.9
(44.4)
0.0
(32)
−6.5
(20.3)
−14.5
(5.9)
−27.8
(−18)
−31.6
(−24.9)
−32.4
(−26.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.8
(0.071)
3.6
(0.142)
6.8
(0.268)
15.0
(0.591)
26.4
(1.039)
56.9
(2.24)
98.5
(3.878)
93.8
(3.693)
39.9
(1.571)
14.8
(0.583)
4.9
(0.193)
1.5
(0.059)
363.9
(14.328)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.0 2.8 4.1 4.4 6.1 11.0 14.7 13.5 9.0 4.7 2.5 2.1 76.9
Source: Weather China

Demographics[edit]

In the 2000 census, there were 2,284,414 inhabitants:

Ethnic group no. of inhabitants share
Han 2,203,345 96.45%
Mongols 60,064 2.63%
Manchu 11,792 0.52%
Hui 7,683 0.34%
Koreans 198 0.01%
Tujia 185 0.01%
Miao 175 0.01%
Other 972 0.04%

Transport[edit]

Ulanqab's transportation network is well-developed, connected by several railways and highways. Some of the railways the pass through the prefecture are the Beijing−Baotou, Jining−Erlianhot, and the Jining−Tongliao Railways. Major inter-provincial roads include the G6 Beijing–Lhasa Expressway (京藏高速), China National Highway 110 (Beijing to Yinchuan, Ningxia) and 208 (Erlianhot, Inner Mongolia to Changzhi, Shanxi).

Known people from Ulanqab[edit]

He Pingping (1988–2010) was the smallest walking man standing at just 73 cm (29 in)

External links[edit]