Ulch people

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Alternative names:
Ulch, Ul'chi, Ulchi
Total population
2,913 (est. 2002)
Regions with significant populations
 Russia 2,765[1]
 Ukraine 76[2]
Ulch language, Russian
Shamanism, Russian Orthodoxy
Related ethnic groups
Ainu, Orok, Itelmen, Evenki, Negidals, Nanai, Udege

The Ulch (Russian: ульчи, obsolete ольчи; self designation: нани, nani) are an indigenous people of the Russian Far East who speak a Tungusic language, Ulch. Over 90% of Ulchis live in Ulchsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. According to the 2002 Census, there were 2,913 Ulchs living in Russia — down from 3,173 recorded in the 1989 Census, but up from 2,494 recorded in the 1979 Census, and 2,410 recorded in the 1970 Census.

Interior of a Mangun House, drawing by Richard Maack ca. 1854-1860
History of the Priamurye region
(also including Heilongjiang,
Amur Oblast and southern part of Khabarovsk Krai)
Mohe • Shiwei
Liao dynasty • Daurs
Jin dynasty (1115–1234) • Nivkh
Eastern Jin (1215–1234)
Yuan dynasty • Evenks
Yeren Jurchens • Solon Khanate
Qing dynasty • Nanais • Ulchs
Russian Exploration • Negidals
Manchus–Cossacks wars (1652–1689)
Government-General of Eastern Siberia
Li–Lobanov Treaty
Siberian Regional Government
Far Eastern Republic
Far Eastern Oblast
Soviet invasion of Manchuria (1945)
Sino-Soviet border conflict
Far Eastern Federal District

Anthropologically, no clear racial groups exist. Some of them belong to the so-called Sakhalin-Amur group, like the Nivkhs.