Ulick de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Clanricarde
KP PC
Clanricarde1.JPG
The Marquess of Clanricarde, 1847.
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
In office
1 December 1830 – 16 July 1834
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister The Earl Grey
Preceded by The Earl of Macclesfield
Succeeded by The Earl of Gosford
Ambassador to Russia
In office
1838–1840
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Earl of Durham
Succeeded by The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
Postmaster General
In office
7 July 1846 – 21 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded by The Earl of St Germans
Succeeded by The Earl of Hardwicke
Lord Privy Seal
In office
3 February 1858 – 21 February 1858
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by The Earl of Harrowby
Succeeded by The Earl of Hardwicke
Personal details
Born 20 December 1802 (1802-12-20)
Belmont, Hampshire
Died 10 April 1874 (1874-04-11)
Stratton Street, Piccadilly, London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Whig
Spouse(s) Hon. Harriet Canning
(1804-1876)

Ulick John de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde KP, PC (20 December 1802 – 10 April 1874), styled Lord Dunkellin until 1808 and known as The Earl of Clanricarde between 1808 and 1825, was a British Whig politician.

Background and education[edit]

Born at Belmont, Hampshire, Clanricarde was the son of General John de Burgh, 13th Earl of Clanricarde, and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Burke, 1st Baronet. Henry de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde, was his uncle. He succeeded in the earldom in July 1808 at the age of five, on the death of his father. He was educated at Eton.[1]

Political and diplomatic career[edit]

In 1825, at the age of 25, Clanricarde was created Marquess of Clanricarde in the Peerage of Ireland,[2] a revival of the title which had become extinct on his uncle's death in 1797. The following year he was made Baron Somerhill, of Somerhill in the County of Kent, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom,[3] which entitled him to a seat in the House of Lords. In January 1826 he was appointed Joint Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (alongside Lord Howard de Walden) by the Earl of Liverpool, a post he held until August of the same year. In 1830 he joined the Whig government of Lord Grey as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords[citation needed]), which he remained until 1834.[1] He was sworn of the Privy Council in December 1830.[4]

Between 1838 and 1840 Lord Clanricarde was Ambassador to Russia. In 1846 he was appointed Postmaster General, with a seat in the cabinet, by Lord John Russell, an office he retained until the government fell in 1852. He held his last ministerial post when he was briefly Lord Privy Seal under Lord Palmerston for a few weeks in February 1858. Apart from his political career he was also Lord-Lieutenant of County Galway between 1831 and 1874.[1] In 1831 he was made a Knight of the Order of St Patrick.[5]

Family[edit]

Lord Clanricarde married the Hon. Harriet Canning (13 April 1804 – 8 January 1876), daughter of Prime Minister George Canning, on 4 April 1825 at Gloucester Lodge in Brompton. The couple had seven children:

Lord Clanricarde died at Stratton Street, Piccadilly, London, in April 1874, aged 71, and was succeeded in the marquessate by his second but only surviving son, Hubert. The Marchioness of Clanricarde died in January 1876, aged 71.[1]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Howard de Walden
Lord Francis Conyngham
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
2 January 1826–17 August 1826
With: The Lord Howard de Walden
Succeeded by
The Lord Howard de Walden
Preceded by
The Earl of Macclesfield
Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
1830–1834
Succeeded by
The Earl of Gosford
Preceded by
The Earl of St Germans
Postmaster-General
1846–1852
Succeeded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Preceded by
The Earl of Harrowby
Lord Privy Seal
1858
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Durham
Ambassador to Russia
1838–1840
Succeeded by
The Lord Stuart de Rothesay
Honorary titles
New office Lord Lieutenant of Galway
1831–1874
Succeeded by
The Lord Clonbrock
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Marquess of Clanricarde
1825–1874
Succeeded by
Hubert George de Burgh-Canning
Preceded by
John de Burgh
Earl of Clanricarde
1808–1874
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Somerhill
1826–1874
Succeeded by
Hubert George de Burgh-Canning