Ullevi

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Not to be confused with Gamla Ullevi.
Ullevi
Ullevi
Location Gothenburg, Sweden
Coordinates 57°42′21″N 11°59′14″E / 57.70583°N 11.98722°E / 57.70583; 11.98722Coordinates: 57°42′21″N 11°59′14″E / 57.70583°N 11.98722°E / 57.70583; 11.98722
Opened May 29, 1958
Owner Higab
Operator Got Event
Surface Grass
Architect Sten Samuelsson and Fritz Jaenecke
Capacity 43,000
75,000 for concerts
Field size 105 × 66 m
Tenants
N/A

Ullevi (sometimes given as Nya Ullevi: New Ullevi) is a multi-purpose stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden. It was built for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, but since then Ullevi has also hosted the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 2006 European Championships in Athletics, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup finals in 1983 and 1990, the UEFA Euro 1992 final, the UEFA Cup final in 2004, and annually hosted the opening ceremony of the Gothia Cup—the world's largest football tournament in terms of the number of participants. IFK Göteborg has also played two UEFA Cup finals at the stadium, in 1982 and 1987, but then as home game in a home and away final. The stadium hosted several events, like football, ice hockey, boxing, racing, athletics and concerts.

The stadium is one of the biggest in the Nordic countries, with a seating capacity of 43,000 and a total capacity of 75,000 for concerts.

History[edit]

Sport[edit]

The ground opened for the 1958 FIFA World Cup held across Sweden. It hosted four matches in Group D, including a play-off.[1] It also held a quarter-final, a semi-final and the third-place match.

The stadium'srecord attendance, for football, is 52,194 and was set on 3 June 1959, when Örgryte IS played against IFK Göteborg.

The stadium hosted the 1983 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, which saw Scotland's Aberdeen beat Spanish giants Real Madrid 2–1 after extra time.

It was also the venue for the first game between NFL teams to be played on the European continent, organised by Swedish motor company Volvo. In a pre-season game on 14 August 1988, the Minnesota Vikings won 28-21 against the Chicago Bears.[2]

The 1990 European Cup Winners' Cup Final was also held at the stadium. It saw Sampdoria of Italy defeat Anderlecht of Belgium 2-0 after extra-time.[3]

Ullevi held three Group B matches at UEFA Euro 1992[4] as well as a semi-final, and the final itself on 26 June in which Denmark won the trophy against West Germany.

The 2004 UEFA Cup Final was held at the stadium on 19 May of that year. Valencia of Spain defeated Marseille of France 2-0.[5]

Music[edit]

Ullevi nearly collapsed during a famous Bruce Springsteen concert on 8 June 1985, due to the rhythmic movement of tens of thousands of people in the audience and the clay soil which the stadium is built. The concert also caused nearly £3 million in damages, while David Bowie's Glass Spider Tour in June 1987 was relocated from Ullevi to Eriksberg because of fears about the safety of the structure.[6] Since then, the concrete pillars supporting the stadium have been extended down to the bedrock. Springsteen has performed at the stadium on subsequent tours.

Elton John hosted a sell-out concert in 1998. It was part of the Face-To-Face Tour with Billy Joel, but Joel was unable to perform, due to illness. Elton John played for over three hours.

The "big four" of thrash metal (Slayer, Anthrax, Megadeth, and Metallica) played in the stadium on 3 July 2011. The concert was broadcast all around the world.

Innovation[edit]

Since March 2007, Ullevi has one of Sweden's largest solar power plants, consisting of 600m² of solar photovoltaic panels situated on the roof of the luxury boxes section. The top effect is 86.4 kW and the yield is supposed to cover the total power used by the artificial lighting used for events, with a surplus.[7]

Speedway[edit]

Ullevi has also hosted Motorcycle speedway and hosted the Speedway World Championship on no less than eight occasions, second only to Wembley Stadium in London, England which hosted the World Final a record 26 times. The track is a dirt surface laid out over the athletics track and is officially 404m long with a track record of 69.4 seconds (4 laps clutch start).[8] The largest attendance for a World Final at Ullevi occurred in 1974 when 38,390 turned out to see Sweden's own Anders Michanek win his only World Championship with an unbeaten 15 point maximum.

Since the World Championship was changed in 1995 from a single meeting Final to the Speedway Grand Prix (SGP), Ullevi has hosted a round of the series in 2002, 2003, 2004 (Grand Prix of Scandinavia), 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 (Grand Prix of Sweden).

The pre-SGP Speedway World Final's held at Ullevi and the winners were:

Record attendances[edit]

The east stand of Ullevi during the 2006 European Athletics Championships

Concerts[edit]

# Event Attendance Date
1 Sweden Håkan Hellström 69,349 7 June 2014
2 United States Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Wrecking Ball Tour
66,561 28 July 2012
3 United States Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Wrecking Ball Tour
66,018 27 July 2012
4 United States Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Born in the U.S.A. Tour
64,312 8 June 1985
5 United States Bruce Springsteen & The E Street Band
Born in the U.S.A. Tour
62,544 9 June 1985
6 United Kingdom David Bowie
Serious Moonlight Tour
61,206 11 June 1983
7 Republic of Ireland U2
U2 360° Tour
60,099 1 August 2009
8 United States Madonna
Sticky & Sweet Tour
59,600 9 August 2009
9 United States Madonna
Sticky & Sweet Tour
59,400 8 August 2009
10 Sweden Gyllene Tider
GT25 Summer Tour
58,977 7 August 2004
11 United Kingdom David Bowie
Serious Moonlight Tour
58,914 12 June 1983
12 United States Metallica
big 4 Tour
56,000 July 3rd, 2011

Sports[edit]

One day events
# Event Attendance Date
1 Ingemar JohanssonEddie Machen
Boxing
53,614 14 September 1958
2 IFK GöteborgÖrgryte IS
Football
52,194 4 June 1959
3 SwedenDenmark
Football
51,062 23 October 1960
4 Sweden – Göteborgsalliansen
Football
50,989 29 May 1958
5 BrazilSoviet Union
Football
50,928 15 June 1958
Multi day events
# Event Attendance Date
1 World Athletics Championships
Athletics
592,240 4–13 August 1995
2 European Athletics Championships
Athletics
269,038 6–13 August 2006
3 World Speed Skating Championships
Speed Skating
69,599 13–14 February 1971
4 Finnkampen
Athletics
51,567 4–5 September 2004
5 Finnkampen
Athletics
49,366 28–29 August 1971

Location and transportation[edit]

Ullevi is located on the eastern edge of Gothenburg's city centre and is one of the center pieces of the event district Evenemangsstråket, with Scandinavium, Liseberg, Universeum, the Museum of World Culture and Bergakungen nearby. Public transport is easily accessible. There are two tram stops named after the stadium; Ullevi Norra (North) and Ullevi Södra (South). Both tram stops serve lines 6 (orange) and 8 (purple). Ullevi Södra also serves lines 2 (yellow) and 13 (beige), while Ullevi Norra also serves lines 1 (white) and 3 (blue). Approximately 700 metres west of Ullevi lies the Gothenburg Central Station and Nils Ericson Terminal. 900 metres south of Ullevi lies Korsvägen, a major public transport hub which serves more than fifteen different bus lines and several tram lines, and the Liseberg station serving the Gothenburg commuter rail.

The stadium has 650 parking spaces located in a garage underneath the pitch. Additionally visitors are guided to eighteen nearby parking lots and parking garages—with a total of 7,000 parking spaces—by the event districts parking guidance and information system.[9] The system has a total of 130 digital signs, located on motorways with information about which exit to use, and on streets in the city with more detailed information about directions and number of available parking spaces.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Cup 1958 Group D". Planet World Cup. 
  2. ^ Lohr, Steve (15 August 1988). "Sunday in Sweden: Vikings Beat Bears". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "European Competitions 1989-90". RSSSF. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Euro '92 Standings". UEFA. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Valencia victorious in Gothenburg". UEFA. 20 May 2004. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Currie, David (1987), David Bowie: Glass Idol (1st ed.), London and Margate, England: Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-1182-7 
  7. ^ "En av Sveriges största solcellsanläggning producerar grön el på Ullevi". Got Event. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  8. ^ http://www.speedwayworld.tv/event/speedwaygp-2011-gothenburg
  9. ^ a b "Så prioriteras evenemangen som syns på skyltarna" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Road Administration. May 2005. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Camp Nou
Barcelona
European Cup Winners Cup
Final Venue

1983
Succeeded by
St. Jakob Stadium
Basel
Preceded by
Wankdorf Stadium
Bern
European Cup Winners Cup
Final Venue

1990
Succeeded by
De Kuip
Rotterdam
Preceded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
UEFA European Football Championship
Final Venue

1992
Succeeded by
Wembley Stadium
London
Preceded by
Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion
Stuttgart
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Venue

1995
Succeeded by
Olympic Stadium
Athens
Preceded by
Estadio Olímpico de Sevilla
Seville
UEFA Cup
Final Venue

2004
Succeeded by
Estádio José Alvalade
Lisbon
Preceded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
European Championships in Athletics
Final Venue

2006
Succeeded by
Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys
Barcelona