Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer
|Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer|
6 June 1877|
|Died||June 15, 1949(aged 72)|
|Notable works||Umakeralam, Karnabhushanam, Pingala, Kerala Sahitya Charithram|
Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer (6 June 1877 – 15 June 1949) (Malayalam: ഉള്ളൂർ എസ്. പരമേശ്വരയ്യർ), commonly known as Ulloor, was a famous Malayalam poet and historian. He was one of the triumvirate poets of Kerala in the first half of the 20th century, along with Kumaran Asan and Vallathol Narayana Menon.
Ulloor was born at the Thamarassery Illam at Perunnai, Changanassery. Since his ancestral home was at Ulloor, he came to be known as Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer. His father died when he was young and his mother raised him. He graduated with Honors in Philosophy from Maharajas College and joined the Travancore State Services. Later he took Degree in Law and Master's in Malayalam and Tamil. He was later appointed as the income tax officer and then as the Chief Secretary.
Ulloor published his mahakavya Umakeralam in 1914. Until then, only Pandalam Kerala Varma's Rukmamgadacharitham was considered as a complete mahakavya in Malayalam. Some of his other best known works were Pingala, Karnabhooshanam, Bhakthideepika, and Chithrasala.
After Ulloor's death, University of Kerala published one of his most noted works Kerala Sahitya Charithram, which describes the history of Malayalam language, culture, and literature. He studied ancient literature and palm leaf manuscripts to bring out old literary works such as Rama Charitham poem and Doothavakyam prose.
The Indian Posts and Telegraph department released a commemorative stamp after Ulloor's death. A full size statue of Ulloor was unveiled by the Indian President Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy in Thiruvananthapuram on 15 May 1981.
- O. N. V. Kurup (2005). A. J. Thomas, ed. This Ancient Lyre: Selected Poems. Sahitya Akademi. p. 10. ISBN 8126017910.
- "Statues Of Trivandrum: Mahakavi Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer". Yentha.com. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. Sahitya Akademi. 1988. p. 1185. ISBN 8126011947.