Uloboridae

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Cribellate Orb Weaver
Uloborus.plumibes.side.6935.jpg
Uloborus plumipes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Uloboroidea
Family: Uloboridae
Thorell, 1869
Diversity
18 genera, 262 species
Distribution.uloboridae.1.png

Uloboridae, the cribellate orb weavers or hackled orb weavers, is a family of non-venomous spiders. Their lack of venom glands is a secondarily evolved trait. Instead, they wrap their prey thoroughly in silk, cover it in regurgitated digestive enzymes and then ingest the liquified body. [1]

All members of this family produce a feathery, fuzzy silk called cribellate (or hackled) silk.[2] These spiders do not use an adhesive on their orb webs, but rather the very fine fibers on each strand of silk tend to ensnare prey. Uloboridae webs often have a stabilimentum or zig-zag pattern through the center.

Distribution[edit]

This family has an almost worldwide distribution. There are only two species known from northern Europe: Uloborus walckenaerius and Hyptiotes paradoxus. Similarly occurring solely in northern North America (e.g. southern Ontario) is Uloborus glomosus.

Genera[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.stri.si.edu/sites/publications/PDFs/2006_Weng_et_a_Can_JZool.pdf
  2. ^ Jonathan A. Coddington & Herbert W. Levi (1991). "Systematics and evolution of spiders (Araneae)" (PDF). Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22: 565–592. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.22.1.565. JSTOR 2097274. 

External links[edit]