Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg

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Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg
Ulrich3mecklenburg.jpg
Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg
Spouse(s) Elizabeth of Denmark
Noble family House of Mecklenburg
Father Albert VII, Duke of Mecklenburg
Mother Anna of Brandenburg
Born (1527-03-05)5 March 1527
Schwerin
Died 14 March 1603(1603-03-14) (aged 76)
Güstrow

Ulrich, Duke of Mecklenburg (5 March 1527 – 14 March 1603) was Duke of Mecklenburg (-Güstrow) from 1555-56 to 1603.

Early life[edit]

Ulrich was the third son of Duke Albrecht VII and Anna of Brandenburg. Ulrich was educated at the Bavarian court. Later, he studied theology and law in Ingolstadt. After the death of his father, he took up residence in Bützow and succeeded his cousin Duke Magnus of Mecklenburg-Schwerin as Lutheran administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin in 1550. Later, he married Magnus's widow, Elizabeth, a daughter of King Frederick I of Denmark. His wife was actually a first cousin of his maternal grandmother Elizabeth of Denmark, daughter of King John of Denmark. They were first cousins, twice removed.

After the death of his uncle, Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg, Ulrich participated in the national government, especially during Mecklenburg's participation in the Schmalkaldic war. It erupted from an inheritance dispute, which was settled by the "Ruppiner dictum" of the Elector of Brandenburg.

Reign[edit]

On 17 February 1555, Ulrich succeeded his brother John Albert I in partitioned Mecklenburg-Güstrow. In 1556, he received, while maintaining common state government with his brother, the eastern part of Mecklenburg with the capital in Güstrow, while John Albert received the western part with the residence Schwerin. After the death of his brother in 1576, Ulrich was made guardian of his offspring, among them his nephew and successor in Güstrow John Albert II. Ulrich built the castle at Güstrow as his principal residence.

Ulrich embodied an educated, modern prince, and was a devout Lutheran. He developed into one of the leading princes of the Mecklenburg dynasty. He left behind, at his death, a fortune of about 200,000 guilders. Ulrich participated in the exchange with Tycho Brahe and David Chytraeus in the scientific discourse of his time and corresponded with humanists like Heinrich Rantzau. In 1594, as Chief of Lower Saxony imperial circle, he organized military and financial assistance against the Turkish threat.

In the dispute between Frederick II of Denmark and his brother-in-law Duke John Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp Ulrich served as a mediator, having excellent relations to both. As Administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin he was succeeded by his grandson the last Bishop of Schleswig, Prince Ulrich of Denmark (30 December 1578 – 27 March 1624 in Rühn), who married with Lady Catherine Hahn-Hinrichshagen.

Family[edit]

Ulrich's only child from his marriage to Elizabeth of Denmark, Sophie, married King Frederick II of Denmark.

Ulrich of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Born: 5 March 1527 in Schwerin Died: 14 March 1603 in Güstrow
Regnal titles
Religious titles
Preceded by
Magnus of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (German)
Administrator of the
Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin

as Ulrich I

1550–1603
Succeeded by
Ulrik of Denmark
as Ulrich II
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg (German)
Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
as Ulrich III

1555–1603
Succeeded by
John Albert II, Duke of Mecklenburg (German)