|Ulsan Metropolitan City|
|• Revised Romanization||Ulsan gwang-yeoksi|
|• McCune-Reischauer||Ulsan gwangyŏksi|
Map of South Korea with Ulsan highlighted
|Districts||5 (including 1 county)|
|• Mayor||Kim Gi-hyeon
|• Total||1,057.136 km2 (408.162 sq mi)|
|Population (October, 2014)|
|• Rank||8th Korea|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
Ulsan (Korean pronunciation: [ulsʰan]), officially the Ulsan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's seventh largest metropolis with a population of over 1.1 million. It is located in the south-east of the country, neighboring Busan to the south and facing Gyeongju to the north.
Ulsan is the industrial powerhouse of South Korea, forming the heart of the Ulsan Industrial District, which is home to the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by the Hyundai Motor Company, the world's largest shipyard operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries and the world's second largest oil refinery, owned by SK Energy. In 2012, Ulsan had a GDP per capita of $79,623, the highest by far in South Korea, substantially higher than the United States and comparable to Luxembourg.
As the center of the Ulsan Industrial District, the city is the corporate base of the multinational Hyundai conglomerate. Up to 1962, Ulsan operated as a fishing port and market centre. As part of South Korea's first five-year economic plan, Ulsan became an open port. Additionally, major industrial plants and factories were developed, including in particular an oil refinery, fertiliser plants, automobile production and heavy industries. The shipbuilding port Bangeojin became part of the city in 1962.
Ulsan is currently the home of the world's largest automobile assembly plant operated by Hyundai Motor, the world's largest shipyard, operated by Hyundai Heavy Industries and the world's second largest oil refinery owned by SK Energy.
The city transport department plans to build a light-rail line and the public transportation system is as good as any other major Korean city. The bus system shows a particular ETA at most bus stops. Ulsan Airport, constructed in 1970 and expanded in 1997, has more than 20 flights per day to and from Seoul's Gimpo International Airport and 4 flights per week to and from Jeju International Airport. In November 2010, Korea's high-speed train network, the KTX, was extended to Ulsan. This provides a high-speed link to Seoul, with a running time of just over 2 hours. The new KTX station (Ulsan Station) is in nearby Eonyang, with a series of express buses (5001-5004) as well as some city buses serving the new station. The original city station has been renamed Taehwa River Station.
The city hosts the K-League football club Ulsan Hyundai FC, who, after the 2002 FIFA World Cup, relocated from their former stadium in Jung-gu, which is now a municipal ground, to the Munsu Stadium, which hosted several matches during the 2002 World Cup. Ulsan is home to another football team, Ulsan Hyundai Mipo Dockyard, which plays in the Korea National League. It is also home to the University of Ulsan.
Ulsan is bounded on the east by the Sea of Japan (East Sea). Busan is 70 km to its the south.
Ulsan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa/Cwa), with somewhat cold but dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Monthly means range from 2.0 °C (35.6 °F) in January to 25.9 °C (78.6 °F) in August, with diurnal temperature ranges generally low. Its location on the Korean peninsula results in a seasonal lag, with the warmest days being in August and averaging very near 30 °C (86 °F). Precipitation is relatively low in the winter months, but is made up by the high rainfall falling from April to September.
|Climate data for Ulsan (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||7.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−2.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.3
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||5.3||6.3||8.1||8.4||9.2||10.0||13.5||12.1||10.3||5.7||5.1||3.9||97.9|
|Average relative humidity (%)||49.6||51.9||57.6||60.3||66.1||73.3||78.9||77.7||75.7||67.2||59.9||52.4||64.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||190.7||176.4||187.5||207.2||215.4||172.7||151.5||167.3||150.0||193.7||182.0||194.6||2,188.8|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
There are 7 tall mountains (Gajisan, Sinbulsan, Ganwolsan, cheonhwangsan, yeongchuksan, Goheonsan, Jaeyaksan) over 1,000m above sea level. Sinbulsan (MT.) Ridge, which changes to a fantastic silver grass field in autumn, is one of the best sights to see in the Yeongnam Alps. Eoksae festival is held every early October in Ganwoljae which is best known for its colony of silver grass.
Oegosan Onggi village
Korea's largest traditional folk Onggi (earthware) village creates a unique scene as the whole village is made of earthware. You can see the first-hand traditional Onggi (earthware) manufacturing process including Onggi workshops and kilns. Try your hand at making Onggi. The Ulsan Onggi museum offers a variety of information related to Onggi and displays a diversity of this eathware.
Jangsaengpo Whale museum & Whale Ecological Experience Hall
As the only whale museum in Korea, Jangsaengpo whale museum collects, maintains and displays whailing-related artifacts, which have been disappearing since 1986 when whailing was prohibited. It also provides a variety of information related to whales and marine ecosystems and is a space for education, research and experience. And You can enjoy ride on whale cruise from Jangsaengpo port.
- Ulsan Grand Park , it is the best ecology park in a downtown area in Korea, boasting a vast area of 3,640,000 m2 (39,180,634 sq ft). With Natural, Clean and comfortable as the main themes, it is a pleasant place for relaxaion where you can breathe in nature during daily life. This Peaceful and pleasant downtown park is always filled with family visitors as it hosts a variety of experience events and festivals. In particular, the Rose Festival in every June presents the opportunity to enjoy a feast for the eyes with diversity of beautiful roses.
- Taehwagang river Grand Park : Simnidaesup (bamboo grove), one of the 12 scenic beauties of Ulsan, was restored and now the river and the bamboo grove are connected. it is an ecological space that reminds citizens of the importance of nature and environment. It allows visitors the chance to observe and experience wildlife in its natural environment and to relax while being one of nature.
Ulsan Industry Park, emitting its dazzling lights 365 days a year, has been leading the Pacific Rim industry in the 21st century. Ulsan Has Hyundai Motor Company, with the world's largest single-purpose plant, Hyundai heavy Industries, the biggest heavy industry leader in the world, Hyundai Mipo Shipbuilding, Petrochemical Park, leaders in Korea's chemistry industry.
Ulsan has beautiful beaches (Jinha, Ilsan) and amazing view of Daewangam Park with its lush hundred-year-old pine forest. Specially, Ganjeolgot cape tops the list as the best-known sunrise site, where the sun rises first on the Korean peninsula. A sunrise festival is held every New Year's Day.
Twin towns – Sister cities
|Khánh Hòa Province||Vietnam||2002|
^1 Kumamoto City has a friendship agreement with Ulsan
- Bangudae Petroglyphs
- List of Korea-related topics
- List of cities in South Korea
- List of oil refineries
- "SOUTH KOREA: Cities (registered population)". Citypopulation. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
- (Korean) 연합뉴스 : 바른언론 빠른뉴스. Yonhapnews.co.kr (2009-10-16). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- 천혜 절경 바닷가가 세계 최대 조선소로 변모 - 오마이뉴스. Ohmynews.com (2013-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- See List of South Korean regions by GDP.
- "Welcome to Ulsan Metropolitan City - News and Notice". Ulsan City Council. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-02-18.
- Ulsan-Seoul high-speed train service to start in November. Koreatimes.co.kr (2010-10-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- [dead link]
- "평년값자료(1981–2010) 울산(152)". Korea Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2011-05-26.
- Sister Cities
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ulsan.|
- Ulsan Metropolitan City official site (English)
- Ulsan Metropolitan City official site (Korean)
- Ulsan : Official Site of Korea Tourism Org
- Ulsan's Foreigner Living Site