Percentage of Protestants in each electoral division in Ulster. Based on census figures from 2001 (UK) and 2006 (ROI).
0-10% dark green, 10-30% mid-green,
30-50% light green, 50-70% light orange,
70-90% mid-orange, 90-100% dark orange.
Changes in distribution of Irish Protestants, 1861–2011
An Ulster Protestant describes someone who is both Protestant and from Ulster. Most Ulster Protestants are descendants of the Protestant settlers involved in the early 17th century Ulster Plantation, mostly Lowland Scottish and Northern English people and predominantly from Galloway and the Scottish Borders. Begun privately in 1606, the Plantation became government-sponsored in 1609. The majority of Ulster Protestants are also Ulster Scots people, but some are also of predominantly English, IrishGaelic or Huguenot ancestry. Another major influx of Scottish Protestants was a result of the seven ill years in the 1690s.