|Census division||Region 1|
|Incorporated (hamlet)||1 April 1994|
|• Mayor||Janet Kanayok|
|• Senior Administrative Officer||Lena Egotak|
|• MLA||Jackie Jacobson|
|• Land||124.43 km2 (48.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||36 m (118 ft)|
|Highest elevation||36 m (118 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||3.2/km2 (8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC−7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC−6)|
|Canadian Postal code||X0E 0S0|
|- Living cost||167.5A|
|- Food price index||187.8B|
|Sources:Community Governance Data List,
2006 Canada Census,
Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre,
Ulukhaktok profile at the Legislative Assembly
Canada Flight Supplement
^A 2005 figure based on Edmonton = 100
^B 2004 figure based on Yellowknife = 100
Ulukhaktok (traditional spelling Ulukhaqtuuq[pronunciation?] and known until 1 April 2006 as Holman) is a small hamlet on the west coast of Victoria Island, in the Inuvik Region of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The 2006 census indicated a population of 398 of which 360 (90.0%) were Inuvialuit or Inuit along with 7.5% non-Aboriginal and 2.5% North American Indian. In 2009 the Government of the Northwest Territories reported that the population was 451 with an average yearly growth rate of 0.1 from 1996.
Like other small traditional communities in the territories, hunting, trapping, and fishing are major sources of income, but printmaking has taken over as the primary source of income in recent years.
The first people to settle in the area were Natkusiak and his family in 1937. Two years later, the Hudson's Bay Company relocated from Walker Bay and a Roman Catholic mission was opened the same year.
The English name, Holman, was in honor of J.R. Holman, a member of Sir Edward Augustus Inglefield's 1853 expedition in search for the Arctic explorer, John Franklin. The community was sometimes known as Holman Island. This, however, is the name of the small island outcrop to the east-southeast in the Amundsen Gulf.
In 2006, the community was renamed with the traditional name, Ulukhaktok, meaning "the place where ulu parts are found", or "a large bluff where we used to collect raw material to make ulus". The large bluff that overlooks Ulukhaktok was the source that provided the slate and copper used to make ulus and give the community its name. Thus, the people who live there are called Ulukhaktokmiut[pronunciation?] ("people of"). Ulukhaktokmiut is a recent word as no people actually lived permanently in this area until the opening of the Hudson's Bay Company store, although people did visit the area to obtain the ulu materials and camp en route to other nomadic seasonal camp areas.
Inuit traded with mainland groups as far east as King William Island and as far south as Great Bear Lake although most commerce occurred with the Inuvialuit and Copper Inuit populations indigenous to the Coppermine River watershed and Bernard Harbour seasonal areas on the mainland. The majority of Ulukhaktokmiut come from a varied background, with family ties extending mainly to the Coppermine River community of Kugluktuk, Nunavut and the communities of the Mackenzie River Delta and Beaufort Sea, though some families have relatives as far away as Gjoa Haven on King William Island, and along the north slope of Alaska as far as Port Clarence on the Seward Peninsula.
Some families are descendants of the Danish explorer-trader Christian Klengenberg. Others are descended from two members of the Vilhjalmur Stefansson led, Canadian Arctic Expedition. The first was Natkusiak, a friend of Stefansson, he was the primary guide and lead hunter of the expedition. Originally from Port Clarence, Alaska he was later known as Billy Banksland, this name came from his time trapping Arctic foxes on Banks Island. Another member of the expedition with relatives in the area was the Alaskan Inupiat, Ikey Bolt from Point Hope. Married to Klengenberg's daughter Etna, they lived for several years at Rymer Point before moving to Minto Inlet and eventually to Coppermine (now Kugluktuk).
|Sources: NWT Bureau of Statistics|
In recent years, this hamlet has seen both sides of the rush for mineral exploration and has regained an appreciation for its wild places and culturally sensitive areas where long-gone relatives once survived and lived with the ice and snow. Some private concerns have witnessed the zeal with which these locals defend their competing interests for the same tracts of land and resources. Other companies have learned to work with residents and this has produced some hope for mineral development around traditional lands and other cultural areas of these Inuvialuit and their fellow Inuit brethren. Arts and crafts are also another source of income with international recognition of local artisans. Occasionally some residents travel to such places as San Francisco, California or Melbourne, Australia, but more often to other regional centers across the north.
Ulukhaktok is home to the Holman Eskimo Co-op which was formed by the residents of the community with the help of a Roman Catholic priest, Father Henri Tardy. The Co-op was formed to provide income to the residents of the community by producing arts and crafts, and is famous for the production of prints. A famous artist who has produced prints for the Holman Eskimo Co-op is Mary Okheena. The Holman Eskimo Co-op now is involved in arts and crafts, retailing, the hotel business, cable television, operates a Canada Post outlet, operates the fuel delivery contract, and is the local Aklak Air agent.
Ulukhaktok is also the location of the world's most northern golf course and hosts the "Billy Joss Open Celebrity Golf Tournament" every summer. Over the years they have managed to attract players from the Edmonton Oilers and the Edmonton Eskimos, as well as golfers from other countries. This tournament is growing and features excursions to traditional areas where Arctic char and Northern Lake trout are harvested for subsistence as well as limited commercial fishing and hunting.
|Climate data for Ulukhaktok|
|Record high °C (°F)||−4.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−24.7
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−28.6
|Average low °C (°F)||−32.3
|Record low °C (°F)||−47.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||8.1
|Source: Environment Canada|
- Helen Kalvak, Inuit artist native to Ulukhaktok
- Ulukhaktok/Holman Airport
- Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
- Richard G. Condon, Julia Ogina and the Holman Elders, The Northern Copper Inuit (ISBN 0-8020-0849-6)
- Canada 2006 Census
- Community Governance Data List
- Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre - official names
- Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Ulukhaktok profile
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 17 October 2013 to 0901Z 12 December 2013
- Ulukhaktok - Statistical Profile at the GNWT
- Canada 2006 Census - Aboriginal profile
- "Uluqsaqtuua (Holman Island) Printmaking". katilvik.com. 19 September 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Christian Klengenberg at the Kitikmeot Heritage Society
- Natkusiak (ca. 1885- 1947)
- Etna and Ikey Bolt at the Kitikmeot Heritage Society
- Environment Canada—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- Holman Eskimo Co-op
- 1905 Christian Klengenberg NWT Historical Timeline, Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre