Ulundi

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Ulundi
Ulundi is located in South Africa
Ulundi
Ulundi
 Ulundi shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 28°19′S 31°25′E / 28.317°S 31.417°E / -28.317; 31.417Coordinates: 28°19′S 31°25′E / 28.317°S 31.417°E / -28.317; 31.417
Country South Africa
Province KwaZulu-Natal
District Zululand
Municipality Ulundi
Established 1873
Area[1]
 • Total 16.62 km2 (6.42 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 19,840
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 98.9%
 • Coloured 0.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 0.2%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Zulu 93.4%
 • English 2.6%
 • S. Ndebele 1.1%
 • Other 2.9%
PO box 3838
Area code 035

Ulundi is a town in the Zululand District Municipality. At one time the capital of Zululand[2] in South Africa and later the capital of the Bantustan of KwaZulu, Ulundi now lies in KwaZulu-Natal Province (of which, from 1994 to 2004, it alternated with Pietermaritzburg as the provincial capital). The town now includes an airport, a five-star hotel, and some museums amongst its sights. In the 2001 Census, the population of the town was recorded as 18,420.[3]

When Cetshwayo became king of the Zulus on 1 September 1873, he created, as was customary, a new capital for the nation, naming it "uluNdi" ("The high place"). On 4 July 1879, in the Battle of Ulundi (the final battle of the Anglo-Zulu War), the British army captured the royal kraal and razed it to the ground.

Nearby is Ondini, where King Mpande, Cetshwayo's father, had his kraal. A large Zulu hut now is on the site.

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as humid subtropical (Cfa).[4] It is rainier in the warmer months.

Climate data for Ulundi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.3
(81.1)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
22.4
(72.3)
22.5
(72.5)
23.8
(74.8)
25
(77)
25.7
(78.3)
26.3
(79.3)
27.6
(81.7)
25.61
(78.08)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.1
(71.8)
20.3
(68.5)
18.2
(64.8)
16
(61)
16.1
(61)
17.2
(63)
18.8
(65.8)
19.9
(67.8)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
19.8
(67.66)
Average low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
17.9
(64.2)
16.9
(62.4)
14.8
(58.6)
12.2
(54)
9.7
(49.5)
9.7
(49.5)
10.7
(51.3)
12.6
(54.7)
14.1
(57.4)
15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
14.04
(57.29)
Precipitation mm (inches) 123
(4.84)
109
(4.29)
90
(3.54)
49
(1.93)
28
(1.1)
18
(0.71)
18
(0.71)
30
(1.18)
56
(2.2)
98
(3.86)
110
(4.33)
115
(4.53)
844
(33.22)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 535m)[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Ulundi". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Lyde, Lionel William (1907). "South Africa". A Geography of Africa. Adam and Charles Black. p. 97. 
  3. ^ "Main Place 'Ulundi Part 1'". Census 2001. Retrieved 3 June 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Climate: Ulundi - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 

External links[edit]