Ulvik

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This article is about the municipality in Norway. For the village in Ulvik municipality, see Ulvik (village).
Ulvik herad
Municipality
View of the Ulvik area
View of the Ulvik area
Coat of arms of Ulvik herad
Coat of arms
Official logo of Ulvik herad
Hordaland within
Norway
Ulvik within Hordaland
Ulvik within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°37′16″N 07°04′49″E / 60.62111°N 7.08028°E / 60.62111; 7.08028Coordinates: 60°37′16″N 07°04′49″E / 60.62111°N 7.08028°E / 60.62111; 7.08028
Country Norway
County Hordaland
District Hardanger
Administrative centre Ulvik
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Hans Petter Thorbjørnsen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 720.83 km2 (278.31 sq mi)
 • Land 670.19 km2 (258.76 sq mi)
 • Water 50.64 km2 (19.55 sq mi)
Area rank 153 in Norway
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,094
 • Rank 394 in Norway
 • Density 1.6/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -6.9 %
Demonym Ulvikje[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1233
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.ulvik.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Ulvik is a municipality in Hordaland county, Norway. The municipality stretches from the Hardangerfjord to the mountains that reach 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) above sea level. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Ulvik. The villages of Osa and Finse are also located in Ulvik municipality.

Of the municipality's total population of 1,094 (as of 2014), there are 646 residents (the majority) live in the village of Ulvik at the end of the Ulvikafjorden. The vast majority of those who do not live in the village of Ulvik live on the farms surrounding the village or at the end of the Osafjorden in the village of Osa.

General information[edit]

Map of Ulvik
View of Torblå and Lekve
View of Ulvik Church

The parish of Graven (later spelled "Granvin") was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). This large municipality/parish included two annexes: Ulvik and Eidfjord. On 1 January 1859, Ulvik became the main parish, making Granvin and Eidfjord annexes to Ulvik, and the name of the large municipality was changed from Granvin to Ulvik.

On 1 May 1891, the eastern annex of Graven (population: 1,331) and the southeastern annex of Eidfjord (population: 1,018) were separated from Ulvik to become separate municipalities. This left Ulvik with a much smaller size and 1,410 residents. In 1895, a small area of Eidfjord (population: 3) was transferred to Ulvik.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old "Ulvik" farm (Old Norse: Ulfvík), since the first Ulvik Church was built there. The first element is ulfr means "wolf", the last element is vík which means "cove" or "wick".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat of arms is modern, having been granted on 19 December 1986. They are red with a yellow figure shown in the center of the arms. The figure is a traditional design seen in the local folk-art and in local textiles. The pattern can be traced in local arts as far back as the 16th century, and is similar to the selburose. This figure is also used in the bunad of Ulvik.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Ulvik. It is part of the Hardanger og Voss deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Ulvik
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Ulvik Ulvik Church Ulvik 1859

Geography[edit]

The municipality is situated around the Hardangerfjord's northeastern arms: Osafjorden and Ulvikafjorden, extending far into the Hardangervidda plateau. The northernmost part of the Hardangerjøkulen glacier is in Ulvik. The Finse and Hallingskeid areas lie just south of the Hallingskarvet National Park which partially sits inside Ulvik and includes the Hallingskarvet mountains. The municipality of Ulvik borders the municipalities of Granvin, Eidfjord, Ullensvang, Voss, Aurland, and Hol. Lakes in the region include Finsevatnet and Flakavatnet. The headwaters of the Flåmselvi river also lie in Ulvik.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1951 1,548 —    
1960 1,488 −3.9%
1970 1,351 −9.2%
1980 1,362 +0.8%
1990 1,239 −9.0%
2000 1,222 −1.4%
2010 1,129 −7.6%
2014 1,094 −3.1%
Source: Statistics Norway.

After the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden 1905, Ulvik was one of the few municipalities that returned a majority in favour of a republic rather than a monarchy in the national referendum on the issue.

The village of Ulvik was nearly totally destroyed on 25 April 1940, during the German invasion of Norway, when fighting erupted between a German landing party arriving in boats, and a Norwegian force on land. Most of the village was burned down, and three civilians were killed. An unknown number of German soldiers were also killed in the fighting.

Government[edit]

View of the village of Ulvik and surrounding area

All municipalities in Norway, including Ulvik, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Ulvik is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Ulvik Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 3
  Conservative Party Høgre 3
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti 2
  Liberal Party Venstre 6
Total number of members: 17

Transportation[edit]

Finse is the highest point of the Norwegian Railway System, located at 1222m. above sea level

It takes around two hours to drive from the city of Bergen to Ulvik via the European route E16 highway to Vossevangen and then taking Norwegian National Road 13 through the Vallavik Tunnel to Ulvik. The Norwegian National Road 13 continues through Ulvik before crossing the Hardanger Bridge which goes over the Hardangerfjord. The nearest airport is Bergen Flesland Airport in Bergen.

The Bergensbanen railway line runs through the northern part of Ulvik. It runs through a region that has no road access, but is a popular with hiking and sports enthusiasts. The railway station at Finse on the Bergensbanen at an elevation of 1,222 metres (4,009 ft) is the highest station on the Norwegian railway system. The Finse Tunnel just outside Finse is one of the longest railway tunnels in Norway. The Rallarvegen "road" is an historic road that follows the Bergensbanen railway line through Ulvik. It is a popular biking and hiking route. Ulvik is also visited in the summer by numerous foreign cruise ships who travel along the fjord.

Famous residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Brekke, Nils Georg; Skaar, Ronny B.; Nord, Svein (1993). Kulturhistorisk Vegbok Hordaland (in Norwegian). Nord4. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-05-29. 
  5. ^ "Members of the local councils, by party/electoral lists and municipality" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2011. 

External links[edit]