Ulysses S. Webb

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Ulysses S. Webb
Ulysses S. Webb.jpg
19th California Attorney General
In office
September 15, 1902 – January 3, 1939
Governor Henry Gage
George Pardee
James Gillett
Hiram Johnson
William Stephens
Friend Richardson
Clement C. Young
James Rolph Jr.
Frank Merriam
Preceded by Tirey L. Ford
Succeeded by Earl Warren
Personal details
Born (1864-09-29)September 29, 1864
Flemington, West Virginia, U.S.
Died July 31, 1947(1947-07-31) (aged 82)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Political party Republican

Ulysses Sigel Webb (September 29, 1864 – July 31, 1947) was an American lawyer and politician affiliated with the Republican Party. He served as the 19th Attorney General of California for the lengthy span of 37 years.

Webb's parents were Cyrus Webb, a Civil War captain, and Eliza Cather Webb. He was born in West Virginia and educated in Kansas, and later moved to Quincy, California. There, he gained admittance to the State Bar of California and was elected Plumas County District Attorney, in which position he served for 12 years (1890–1902).

He was appointed Attorney General of California by Governor Henry Gage in 1902, and elected to a full term later that year. Webb served as attorney general for 37 years, from 1902 to 1939 (9 terms), and is one of the longest-serving statewide officials in American history. He began a lengthy series of lawsuits to prove the state held title, in trust for the people of California, to tide and submerged lands, for public access and use for navigation, shipping and commerce. His administration served to clarify new legislation involving elections, motor vehicles, and criminal trial procedures. (The Criminal Law Division has since exploded its workload - Webb reported in his 1914-16 Biennial Report a criminal case load of 307 appeals in two years, whereas today more than 6000 appeals are received annually).

Webb also vigorously prosecuted land transfers made to avoid enforcement of the Alien Land Law Act of 1913 that disenfranchised land owners in California who were ineligible for citizenship. In the 1930s, Webb's office pressured Fish and Game authorities to go after aliens with commercial fishermen's licenses and prevent offloading fish at the port of San Diego. On September 18, 1934, Judge C.N. Andrews ruled that residence requirements were a violation of the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Webb appealed to the Court of Appeals and the state Supreme Court, both of which also ruled that residence requirements violated the Fourteenth Amendment.

California Atty. Gen. Bill Lockyer apologized in 2003 for Webb's zealous sterilization program under the state's eugenics policy.[1][dead link]

Webb married Grace Goodwin, the daughter of Judge J. D. and Martha Goodwin of Quincy. The Webbs had three children, Hester, Sigel Goodwin and Grace. Webb belonged to the Masonic and Knights of Pythias fraternities, and to the Union League Club. He died in San Francisco on July 31, 1947.

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Legal offices
Preceded by
Tirey L. Ford
California Attorney General
1902–1939
Succeeded by
Earl Warren