Ulytau District

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Ulytau
District
Ұлытау ауданы
Ulytau District Kazakhstan.png
Country Kazakhstan
Province Karagandy Province
Administrative center Ulytau
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 13,909
Time zone East (UTC+6)

Ulytau District (Kazakh: Ұлытау ауданы) is a district of Karagandy Province in central Kazakhstan. The administrative center of the district is the selo of Ulytau.[2] Population: 13,909 (2013 estimate);[1] 14,240 (2009 Census results);[3] 20,430 (1999 Census results).[3]

Geography[edit]

The natural landscape of the district is characterized by low mountains, conical-shaped hills, plains, river valleys and lakes.[4]

History[edit]

The region is on the main north-south vegetation corridor of Kazakhstan and has been inhabited from the earliest times: around 4500 BC it has been colonized by Neolithic cultures coming from south and attracted by its riverine and lacustrine habitats; during the Bronze age charioteers from the west came looking for metals; possibly an important center of formation of nomadic cultures during the iron ages. Its political and historical importance reached its peak during the Middle Ages, when the region became a main corridor of migrations of tribes and got its present name (Ulytau is a Turkish name and means 'great mountain'): during the Turkic period it has been the core of the Dasht-i-Kipchak steppes and the political center of the Ogouz--Kipchak Khaganates; under the Mongols it has been a secret burial place of the Gengis Khan descendants and of the Golden Horde khans, second in importance only to the burial area of Burkhan-Kaldun in Mongolia; and then it became a political centre of the Uzbek and Kazakh khans.

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Archaeology[edit]

The archaeological remains of the Ulytau landscape show full evidence of all the phases of the human history and of the human interaction with the natural environment: ancient mines, settlements, burials, petroglyphs, anthropomorphic steles, hillforts and towers, medieval towns and mausolea. The mausoleum of the mythical first khan of the Kazakhs, Alasha khan, is located here; and so the only three preserved mausolea of the Golden Horde, the ones of Jochi-Khan, Ayak-Khamir and Balgan-Ana.

[6]

Culture[edit]

The ethnographic period is represented by necropolis and living buildings of the Kazakh nobility. Ancient nomadic traditions of horse-breeding, folklore and handicrafts have been preserved till today.

[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  2. ^ www.geonames.de Subdivisions of Kazakhstan in local languages
  3. ^ a b "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Cultural landscape of Ulytau - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  5. ^ Cultural landscape of Ulytau - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  6. ^ Cultural landscape of Ulytau - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  7. ^ Cultural landscape of Ulytau - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

Coordinates: 48°03′N 65°39′E / 48.050°N 65.650°E / 48.050; 65.650