May 3, 1959 |
Tikamgarh, Madhya Pradesh, India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Bharatiya Janshakti Party|
|Occupation||Social and Political Activist|
Uma Shri Bharti (born May 3, 1959), is an Indian politician. She was born Tikamgarh District, Madhya Pradesh. Raised by Vijayaraje Scindia of Gwalior, Uma Bharati, along with Sadhvi Ritambhara, played a prominent part in the Ayodhya Ram Janmabhoomi Movement. Her signature slogan during the movement was "Dear Ram we will come, and build temple at the place".
At a young age, she became involved with the Bharatiya Janata Party. She contested her first Parliamentary elections in 1984, but lost. In 1989, she successfully contested the Khajurao seat, and retained it in elections conducted in 1991, 1996 and 1998. In 1999, she switched over and won the Bhopal seat. In the Vajpayee Administration, she held various state-level and cabinet level portfolios of Human Resource Development, Tourism, Youth Affairs & Sports, and finally Coal & Mines.
In the 2003 Assembly polls, she led the BJP to a three-fourth majority in Madhya Pradesh assembly. She defeated her Congress opponent from the Malehra seat with a 25% margin. She resigned from the post of Chief Minister in August 2004, when an arrest warrant was issued against her regarding the 1994 Hubli riot case.
In November 2004, Uma Bharti was suspended from the Bharatiya Janata Party because of her criticism of Lal Krishna Advani. The suspension was lifted and in May 2005, she was appointed a member of the party's national executive. Later that year, she was expelled from the party for opposing the appointment of Shivraj Singh Chauhan as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh. She had the sympathy of various BJP leaders, such as Madan Lal Khurana and Sangh Priya Gautam, but was unable to capitalise on it. She drew large crowds during a Ram Roti Yatra and campaigns at various by-elections, and she established a new Hindu-oriented party called the Bharatiya Janshakti Party but both she and the party were unsuccessful in their efforts to be elected.
A section of the RSS, as well as some within the BJP, attempted to bring her back into the BJP fold but neither she nor opponents such as Arun Jaitley and Sushma Swaraj favoured the sentiment. However, she did agree to withdraw her candidates for the 2007 Uttar Pradesh assembly elections at the request of the Vishwa Hindu Parishad chief, Ashok Singhal.
Sethusamudram Shipping Canal Project
FDI in retail in India
In late November 2011, when the Government of India decided to allow 51% FDI in multi-brand retail and 100% in single brand retail, Uma Bharti threatened Walmart with arson should they enter the Indian market.
- 1988 onwards Vice-President, Bharatiya Janata Party (B.J.P.), Madhya Pradesh
- 1989, Elected to 9th Lok Sabha
- 1990, Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Agriculture
- 1990-92, Member, Consultative Committee, constituted under the Punjab State Legislature (Delegation of Power) Act, 1987
- 1991, Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
- 1991-92, Member, Public Accounts Committee
- 1992-93, Member, Public Accounts Committee
- 1993 onwards President, B.J.P., Youth Wing
- 1996, Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
- 1996-97, Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests
- 1998, Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (4th term)
- 1998-99, Union Minister of State, Human Resource Development
- 1999, Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (5th term) (resigned from Lok Sabha Seat on 18.12.2003
- 13 Oct. 1999– 2 Feb. 2000, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Tourism (Resigned on 2 Feb. 2000)
- 7 Nov. 2000- 25 Aug. 2002, Union Cabinet Minister, Youth Affairs & Sports
- 26 Aug. 2002- 29 Jan. 2003, Union Cabinet Minister, Coal and Mines
- 2003, Elected, MLA, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- 8 Dec. 2003- 23 Aug. 2004, Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
- 2012, Elected, MLA, Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly
- "BJP meet to decide Uma Bharati's fate". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-03-20.[dead link]
- "Uma ‘happily’ goes to jail ensuring party goes to town". Indian Express. Retrieved 2009-03-20.
- "Back to BJP". Economic Times. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
- "Uma Bharti rejoins BJP". WorldSnap News. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Uma Bharti|
- "BJP suspends Uma Bharati" - rediff.com article dated November 10, 2004
- "Uma Bharati in BJP national executive" - rediff.com article dated May 28, 2005
- "India's firebrand Hindu nun" - BBC News article dated November 30, 2005
- BBC article on Uma Bharti's suspension
|Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
2003 - 22 August 2004