Uummannaq

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Uummannaq
Omenak
Uummannaq
Uummannaq
Uummannaq is located in Greenland
Uummannaq
Uummannaq
Location within Greenland
Coordinates: 70°40′29″N 52°07′35″W / 70.67472°N 52.12639°W / 70.67472; -52.12639Coordinates: 70°40′29″N 52°07′35″W / 70.67472°N 52.12639°W / 70.67472; -52.12639
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Qaasuitsup-coat-of-arms.svg Qaasuitsup
Founded 1763
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,282[1]
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3961

Uummannaq[2] is a town in the Qaasuitsup municipality, in northwestern Greenland. With 1,282 inhabitants as of 2013,[1] it is the eleventh-largest town in Greenland, and is home to the country's most northerly ferry terminal. Founded in 1763[3] as Omenak,[4] the town is a hunting and fishing base, with a canning factory and a marble quarry.[5] In 1932 the Universal Greenland-Filmexpedition with director Arnold Fanck realized the film SOS Eisberg near Uummannaq.[6]

Geography[edit]

Uummannaq (far left) dwarfed by Uummannaq mountain

Uummannaq is located 590 kilometres north of the Arctic Circle on Uummannaq Island located in the south-central arm of the Uummannaq Fjord. Uummannaq is also the general name given to the series of inlets north of the promontory at Niaqornat on the Nuussuaq Peninsula.

Uummannaq Mountain[edit]

The island is also home to Uummannaq Mountain, rising very sharply to the height of 1170m. Climbing it requires technical skills.

Transport[edit]

Air Greenland operates air services to Qaarsut from Uummannaq Heliport. The neighbouring villages in the Uummannaq area are served by district cargo helicopters. In summer months, Royal Arctic Line operates its 'bygdeservice' with sailings by small ships to its neighbouring villages, including a service to Qaarsut.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Uummanaq
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −8
(17)
−12
(10)
−11
(13)
−8
(18)
2
(36)
8
(47)
11
(51)
9
(49)
4
(40)
0
(32)
−3
(26)
−6
(21)
−1.2
(30)
Average low °C (°F) −13
(8)
−17
(1)
−17
(1)
−14
(6)
−4
(25)
2
(36)
5
(41)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−3
(26)
−7
(20)
−10
(14)
−6
(21.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 23
(0.9)
10
(0.4)
10
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
10
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
13
(0.5)
13
(0.5)
20
(0.8)
18
(0.7)
30
(1)
30
(1)
198
(7.4)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

Culture[edit]

Football match in Uummannaq. Salliaruseq Island in the background

Danish and Greenlandic children believe that Santa Claus lives in Spraglebugten Bay in the west of the island. A turf hut (Santa's Castle) was built there for a Danish television programme and remains Santa's home in the popular imagination.[8][9]

Scottish singer KT Tunstall's third album Tiger Suit features the track "Uummannaq Song", which was inspired by her trip to the town in September 2008 with Cape Farewell.[10]

Uummannaq is home to Uummannaq Music - the world's northernmost music platform on sea ice.[11][12][13][14][15]

Notable people[edit]

Population[edit]

With 1,282 inhabitants as of 2010, Uummannaq is the third-largest town in the Qaasuitsup municipality.[1] The population has decreased by more than 12% relative to the 2000 levels.[16]

Uummannaq population dynamics
Uummannaq population growth dynamics, 1991-2010. Source: Statistics Greenland[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Greenland in Figures 2013. Statistics Greenland. ISBN 978-87-986787-7-9. ISSN 1602-5709. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ The pre-1973 spelling was Umanaq, Ũmánaq, or Umanak.
  3. ^ Qaasuitsup Municipality (Danish)
  4. ^ Colton, G.W. "Northern America. British, Russian & Danish Possessions In North America." J.H. Colton & Co. (New York), 1855.
  5. ^ ExploreNorth
  6. ^ "1932: In Greenland" (in German). Estate of Walter Riml, english version. Retrieved 2014-2-17. 
  7. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Uummanaq, Greenland". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  8. ^ O'Carroll, Etain (2005). Greenland and the Arctic. Lonely Planet. p. 194. ISBN 1-74059-095-3. 
  9. ^ greenland-guide.gl
  10. ^ Cape Farewell
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ http://www.neweurasia.net/ru/politics-and-society/kyirgyizstan-na-aysbergah-grenlandii/
  14. ^ [3]
  15. ^ [4]
  16. ^ a b Statistics Greenland, Population in localities

External links[edit]