Umberto Caligaris

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Umberto Caligaris
Umberto Caligaris.jpg
Personal information
Date of birth (1901-06-26)June 26, 1901
Place of birth Casale Monferrato, Italy
Date of death October 19, 1940(1940-10-19) (aged 39)
Place of death Torino, Italy
Height 1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)
Playing position Defender
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1919–1928 Casale
1928–1935 Juventus
1935–1937 Brescia
National team
1922–1934 Italy 59 (0)
Teams managed
1935–1937 Brescia
1938–1940 Juventus
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

Umberto Caligaris (Italian pronunciation: [umˈbɛrto kaliˈɡaris]; July 26, 1901 – October 19, 1940) was an Italian international footballer who played, normally at left back, for A.S. Casale and Juventus, before ending his career with Brescia. With Juventus he won an Italian record of five consecutive Serie A League titles between 1930 and 1935. He also managed to have a successful career with the Italian national team, notably winning a Bronze medal at the 1928 Summer Olympic Games; he was also a member of the Italian side that won the 1934 FIFA World Cup. His 59 caps for Italy stood as a record for many years.[1] Caligaris is regarded as one of the best Italian defenders of his generation. A strong, hard-tackling, and tenacious player, he was known for his pace, work-rate, stamina, and his ability in the air, which he combined with an excellent technique.[1]

Career[edit]

Born in Casale Monferrato (Piedmont), Caligaris spent the first nine years of his career with the local team, A.S. Casale. He made his debut for them on October 12, 1919 in a match against local rivals Valenzana Calcio which Casale won 3–1. Casale was then in the Italian First division (the predecessor to Serie A) and had won the championship in 1914. However they were never to repeat that success and although during Caligaris’s career with the club they twice qualified for the inter-regional semi-final of North Italy, they were unable to get further.[2]

The Italian national team, however, did provide scope for his talents. He received his first cap on 15 January 1922 against a strong Austria side, in Milan; he was selected in place of Virginio Rosetta as right back flanking the great Genoese left back Renzo De Vecchi (“Son of God” to the fans), who had been playing for Italy since 1910. From then until De Vecchi’s retirement from international football in March 1925, Rosetta and Caligaris were in competition for the right back position. He played for Italy in the 1924 Olympics, the match against Spain being the first in which he played alongside Rosetta, also winning the Central European International Cup with Italy between 1927 and 1930.[1]

After winning a bronze medal at the 1928 Summer Olympics, Caligaris left Casale to join Rosetta at Juventus, making his Serie A debut with the club on 6 October 1929, in a 3–2 home victory over Napoli. Here the two full backs, backed by Italian international goalkeeper Giampiero Combi, formed a formidable defensive combination. Juventus won five scudettoes in a row between 1930 and 1935.[1]

Caligaris’s final game for Italy, on February 11, 1934 was, like his first, against Austria. (Although a member of the Italian squad, he did not play in any of the 1934 World Cup matches, as Italy went on to win the tournament on home soil.)[3] His record of 59 caps for Italy was only surpassed in 1971 by Giacinto Facchetti.[4]

Caligaris coached Juventus from 1939 until his death in Turin in October of the following year.[2]

Legacy[edit]

During the 1970s, an annual under-21 football tournament was named in the Italian's honour. The "Caligaris" International Tournament took place in the player's hometown of Casale Monferrato.[5]

Honours[edit]

Club[edit]

Juventus[2][1]

International[edit]

Italy[2][1]

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c d e f Stefano Bedeschi (26 July 2013). "Gli eroi in bianconero: Umberto CALIGARIS". http://www.tuttojuve.com (in Italian). Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Caligaris, Umbero". http://www.enciclopediadelcalcio.it (in Italian). Enciclopedia del Calcio. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  3. ^ "Mondiali Calcio 1934, Capitolo VII: Ritratti dei Campioni del Mondo". http://www.storiedicalcio.altervista.org (in Italian). Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Nazionale in cifre: Caligaris, Umberto". http://www.figc.it/ (in Italian). FIGC. Retrieved 26 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "The Forgotten Italian Job of 1974" – Blackpool-mad.co.uk