Umbugarla language

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Region Northern Territory
Extinct ca. 2000
  • Umbugarlic
    • Umbugarla
Language codes
ISO 639-3 umr
Glottolog umbu1235[2]

The Umbugarla language is an Australian language isolate spoken by three people in Arnhem Land, northern Australia, in 1981, and is now extinct.

Umbugarla was once considered a language isolate (together with Ngurmbur as a dialect), but Mark Harvey has made a case for it being part of a family of Darwin Region languages.[3]


  1. ^ Umbugarla at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Umbugarla". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Bowern, Claire. 2011. "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?", Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web, December 23, 2011 (corrected February 6, 2012)