|Nawab of the Carnatic
|Reign||1795 - 1801|
|Coronation||16 October 1795|
|Predecessor||Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah|
|Issue||three sons and three daughters|
|Father||Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah|
|Mother||Nawab Begum Sahiba|
|Born||8 January 1748|
|Died||15 July 1801
|Burial||Hazrat Natthar Wali Dargah, Farangi-Gate, Trichinopoly|
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (August 2014)|
Ghulam Husain Ali Khan (8 January 1748 – 15 July 1801) aka Ghulam Hussainy or Umdat ul-Umra, was the Nawab of the Carnatic region of India from 1795 to 1801.
He was appointed Naib Subah of Nattharnagar (1759-1760), and Subah of Arcot (1760), and raised to the title of Umdat ul-Umara by Emperor Shah Alam II, through the intercession of Robert Clive, 12 August 1765.
He succeeded on the death of his father 13th and installed on the musnaid 16 October 1795.
Umdat ul-Umara ruled from 1795 to 1801. During his reign, the British East India Company demanded pieces of land as gifts.
Many members of the British East India Company believed that Umdat ul-Umara, as the Nawab of Carnatic, had secretly provided assistance to Tipu Sultan during the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War. On the fall of Tipu Sultan in 1799, immediately, the British accused the Nawab of collaborating with Tipu Sultan and demanded the entire administration of the kingdom as indemnity.
Umdat ul-Umara vehemently resisted the demands of the British East India Company. Umdat ul-Umara, however, died, perhaps poisoned by the Company, soon afterwards. The British takeover of Umdat ul-Umara's domain occurred during the reign of his nephew and successor, Azim-ud-Daula. As soon as Azim-ud-Daula ascended the throne, on 31 July 1801 he was compelled to sign a Carnatic Treaty handing over the civil and municipal administration of the Carnatic to the British East India Company. This document provided that Azim-ud-Daula ceded all his lands to British rule, including the territory of the Polygars.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Umdat ul-Umara.|
- "Ghulam Husainy Umdat ul-Umara ( 1795-1801 )". The Prince of Arcot.
Muhammad Ali Khan Wallajah
|Nawab of Carnatic
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