Umerkot

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For a town in Orissa, see Umerkot.
Umarkot
Birthplace of Akbar.JPG
Birthplace of Akbar
General information
Location Umerkot District, Pakistan
Coordinates 33°22′16″N 73°10′30″E / 33.371°N 73.175°E / 33.371; 73.175
Completed 15th Century
Umarkot Fort
Umarkot Fort
Umarkot Museum

Umarkot (Urdu: عُمركوٹ‎), (Sindhi: عمرڪوٽ), is a town in the Umarkot District in Sindh, Pakistan. The city is well connected with the other large cities like Karachi, the provincial capital and Hyderabad.[1]

History[edit]

Formerly known as Amarkot, the city of Umerkot was the capital of Greater Sindh Province, including some parts of the present Rajasthan state of India. This province was ruled by Sodha Rajputs ( one of the subclan of Paramara Rajputs ). It became prominent during the Mughal Empir and during the British Raj.

Mughal king Akbar was born in Umerkot when his father Humayun fled from military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri.Rana Prasad, a Hindu Sodha Rajput ruler of Amarkot, gave refuge to Humayun.[2] Later the Mughal Emperor Akbar brought North India, including modern day Pakistan under Mughal rule.

Umerkot is one of the few provinces that has never been conquered by any invader, including Mughals.

Points of interest[edit]

Umerkot has many sites of historical significance such as Mughal emperor Akbar's birthplace at Umarkot Fort on 14 October 1542.[3] Rana Chandra Singh Sodha(1931–2009) was the Rana of the former Amarkot jagir after 1947, and remained a member of National assembly and a federal minister.[4][5]

Folklore[edit]

The story of Umar Marvi is that Marvi was a young Thari girl abducted by then-ruler Umar, who wanted to marry her because of her beauty. Upon her refusal she was imprisoned in the historic Umerkot Fort for many years. Because of her courage, Marvi is a heroine for local people.

Education[edit]

The city has more than 100 schools, 20 colleges and one polytechnic college.

Demographics[edit]

The most spoken languages are Sindhi, Balochi, Dhatki, Urdu and English .

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°21′N 69°44′E / 25.350°N 69.733°E / 25.350; 69.733