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Banine in 1931

Umm-El-Banine Assadoulaeff (Umm El-Banu Äsâdullayeva) (1905 – October 1992) was a French writer of Azerbaijani descent - a granddaughter of famous Azerbaijani millionaire Musa Nagiyev and daughter of Azerbaijani businessman and politician Mirza Asadullayev.[1] She wrote under the penname of Banine.

Banine emigrated to France in 1923 following her father, a former minister in the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (dec. 1918-April 1920). She moved to Istanbul where she abandoned her husband whom she had been forced to marry at the age of fifteen and then fled to Paris. There, after many years, literary acquaintances, including Montherlant, Kazantzakis, and Malraux urged her to publish. Banine dedicated her later life to introducing the history and culture of Azerbaijan to France and Europe. Her most famous writings are "Caucasian days" and "Parisian days". Banine, who was the friend of the German writer Ernst Jünger and Russian Ivan Bunin, tells about her conversion to Catholicism in her books.

Before her death, Banin published several articles about the situation in Azerbaijan.[citation needed] She died in October 1992. Her obituary in the newspaper Le Figaro called her "one of those personages of La vie romanesque who traverse a century, attracting like a lodestone all the singular figures of their times".[2]

Major works[edit]

  • Nami . Gallimard, 1943
  • Jours Caucasiens. Julliard, 1946
  • Jours Parisiens . Julliard, 1947
  • Rencontres avec Ernst Jünger. Paris: René Julliard, 1951.
  • J'ai Choisi L'opium. Paris, Stock, 1960
  • Après : Stock 1962
  • Jünger, ce méridional. Antaios, 1965
  • La France étrangère . Sos Desclée de Brouwer, 1968
  • Portrait d'Ernst Jünger: Lettres, Textes, Rencontres. Paris: La Table Ronde, 1971.
  • L'Homme des Complémentaires. La Table Ronde, 1977
  • Ernst Jünger aux faces multiples. Lausanne: Éditions L'Age d'Homme, 1989.
  • Jours Parisiens. Gris Banal 2003


  1. ^ "Mühacirət övladı". Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  2. ^ William Pfaff. The Bullet's Song: Romantic Violence and Utopia. ISBN 978-0-684-80907-6