Umm Kulthum bint Ali

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Umm Kulthum bint Ali (Arabic: أم كلثوم بنت علي) (birth : Wednesday, 18 Rabi' ul-Awwal, 9 A.H/ July 6, 630 A.D (Gregory Calendar) was the fourth child of Ali ibn Abu Talib (the fourth Caliph and first Shi’a Imam) and Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad and the wife of Umar (the second Caliph).[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] She was also known as “Zainab the Junior".[citation needed]

Biography[edit]

Umm Kulthūm bint Ali was the fourth child and second daughter of ‘Ali and Fatima. She was the granddaughter of Muhammad and sister of Hasan and Husayn. Umm Kulthum was also the wife of Umar who was the second Caliph.[12][13] She also survived during the battle of Kerbala.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

It was not possible to ascertain who had died first. They did not inherit from one another and their funeral prayers were read at the same time.[14]

Burial place[edit]

Zainab-ul Kubra Mosque,Damascus

Umm Kulthum is buried in Baab Sagheer cemetery in Damascus, Syria.[citation needed]

Umm Kulthum Mausoleum[edit]

The Mausoleum of Umm-Kulthum is located in Arrawiya village in Damascus.[citation needed]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Al-Maarif, by Ibn Qutaybah, page 77, Chapter "Dhikr Umar" [1]
  • Al-Istiab, Volume 4, page 492
  • Asad al-Ghaybah fi Marifathul Sahaba, Volume 5, page 367
  • Tareekh Baghdad, Volume 6, page 182
  • Tareekh Khamees, Volume 2, page 384, Dhikr Umm Kalthum
  • Tabaqat ibn Sa'd, Volume 8, page 463, Dhikr Umm Kalthum
  • Sawaiqh al-Muhriqa, page 94
  • Zakhair al-Akba, pages 168 and 169
  • Asaaf al-Ghaneen, page 162
  • Al-Isaba, Volume 4, page 321
  • Furu' al-Kafi, vol. 6, p. 117, Dar al-Adwa, Beirut 1992

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Majalis ul-Mo’mineen. pp. 85–89. 
  2. ^ al-Murtaza, Sharif. Al-Shaafi. p. 116. 
  3. ^ Al-Hadid, Hibatullah. Sharh Nahj ul-Balagha 3. p. 124. 
  4. ^ Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir. Bihar al-Anwar. p. 621. 
  5. ^ Ardabili, Muqaddas. Hadiqat al-Shi’a. p. 277. 
  6. ^ Shustari, Qazi Nurullah. Masa'ib un-Nawasib. p. 170. 
  7. ^ Al-Amili, Zayn al-Din al-Juna'i. "Lawahiq-al-‘Aqd". Masalik al-Ifham fi Sharh Shara-il-Islam 1. 
  8. ^ Qumi, Abbas. Muntahi al-Aamal 1. p. 186. 
  9. ^ Shahidi, Sayyed Ja'far. Life of Fatemeh Zahra(SA). pp. 263–265. 
  10. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool 21. p. 199. 
  11. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot 4. p. 272. 
  12. ^ Al-Tusi, Nasir Al-Din. Al-Mabsoot. pp. Volume 4, pg 272. 
  13. ^ Baqir, Muhammad. Mir'at ul-Uqool. pp. Volume 21, pg 199. 
  14. ^ 'Tahdeeb al-Ahkam Vol.2, p.380 in Chapter “Meeras (inheritance)”'