||This article needs attention from an expert in Biography or Islam. (April 2009)|
Arabic: أم سلمة
|Titles: al-Makhzumiyah, Ayyin al-Arab, and Mother of the Believers|
|Birthplace||Mecca, Hejaz (580 AD)|
|Known For||Being a wife of Muhammad and a loyal companion of Ali|
|Influences||God, Muhammad, Ali, and the Ahl al-Bayt|
|Died||62 AH (680 AD)|
|Burial Place||Jannatul Baqi in Medina, Hejaz|
|Father||Abu Umayyah ibn al-Mughirah al-Makhzumi|
|Political Party||Shia of Ali|
|Opponents||Enemies of Allah, Islam, Prophet Muhammad, and the Sahaba|
Hind bint Abi Umayya (Arabic: هند بنت أبي أمية), also known as Hind al-Makhzumiyah, Hind bint Suhayl or Umm Salama (Arabic: أم سلمة هند بنت أبي أمية) (c. 580 – 680) was one of Muhammad's wives.
She was the daughter of Banu Makhzum Abu Umayyah ibn al-Mughirah ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar ibn Makhzum ibn Yaqaẓah Banu Makhzūm, nicknamed Zad ar-Rakib (because of his generosity to travelers) and 'Ātikah bint 'Āmir ibn Rabī'ah of the tribe of Firas ibn Ghanam. ‘Ātikah bint 'Abd al-Muṭṭalib, Muhammad's paternal aunt, was her step-mother. Before her marriage to Muhammad, Umm Salama was married to Abu Salamah ibn `Abdi'l-Asad al-Makhzumi, whose mother was Barrah bint `Abdu'l-Muttalib. Umm Salamah bore for Abu Salama four children: Salama, Zaynab, Ruqaiyyah and `Amr.
Umm Salama was the paternal cousin of Abu Jahl Amr ibn Hisham.
|Wives of Muhammad|
Following Abdullah ibn Abdulasad’s death in the battle of Uhud she became known as Ayyin al-Arab - the one who had lost her husband. She had no family in Medina except her small children, but she was given support by both the Muhajirun and Ansar. When she completed the Iddah (i.e. the waiting period of a woman who is either divorced, seeks an annulment or her husband dies which in this case is) four months and ten days, Abu Bakr and then Umar asked to marry her but she declined. Muhammad then approached her and she accepted.
Umm Salama was married to Muhammad at the age of 29. Only his sixth and seventh wives (Umm Salamah and Zaynab, respectively) were his direct cousins whom he had known since their childhood. Umm Salamah was a widow with 3 children and a fourth born almost immediately after their marriage.
Umm Salama begged Husayn ibn Ali not to undertake his fatal trip to Iraq. Umm Salama died at the age of eighty four in 62 AH in Medina. She was buried in the Baqi Cemetery (Jannatul Baqee). She was the last surviving member of the Mothers of the Believers.
Among the hadith she narrated are:
- Hazrath Umme Salma Umme Salma went through trials and tribulations following her conversion to Islam
- Umm Salamah, Umme Salama, Umme Salma, Mother of the Believers, Mother of the Faithfuls
- "Companions of The Prophet", Vol. 1, By: Abdul Wahid Hamid
- Imam Hussein (a.s.)'s intention of proceeding towards Iraq from Makkah
The devotion and love of Umme Salma (a.s.) for the Household (Ahlulbayt) of the Prophet is apparent from the above incident. Her reverence of the true Vicegerent of the Prophet and the Imam of the age is renowned since her support of Imam Ali (a.s.). Abul Fida in his Tareekh says that before leaving Madina (towards Basra for the battle of Jamal), Imam Ali (a.s.) called on Umme Salma, one of the widows of the Prophet, and bade her farewell. Umme Salma said to him, "In the name of Allah! I deliver you into His Protection. By His Power and His Majesty, you alone are with the truth, and all your enemies are in error. If it were not the command of Allah to the wives of His Prophet to stay at home, I would have accompanied you in this campaign." She had a son named Umar bin Abi Salma, by her first marriage, whom she offered to him saying, "He is my only child. He is all that I have in this world. I offer him to you. He will, if necessary, sacrifice his life for you." (Tabari, Ibne Khaldoon, A'asam Kufi.) The words of Imam Husain (a.s.) in the above narration that "We are pleased with you" elucidates that she was one of those who had earned the pleasure of the Allah and His Proof (Hujjah).
- Marriage to a 'past': Parents should not reject a proposal without a good reasons - and being a revert with a past is not an acceptable one
- THE VERSE OF PURIFICATION IN SUNNI SOURCES
- THE VERSE OF PURIFICATION IN SHIA SOURCES