Umm ul-Banin

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The grave of Umm ul-Banin

Fatimah bint Hizam al-Qilabiyya (died 64 A.H.[1] (683/684)[2] or 69 A.H.[3] (688/689)[2]), commonly known as Umm ul-Banin ("mother of several sons"), married Ali ibn Abi Talib after the death of his first wife Fatimah, daughter of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. She was from the tribe of Banu Kalb. Umm ul-Banin and Ali had four sons, of whom the eldest was Abbas ibn Ali, the commander of Husayn ibn Ali's forces at the Battle of Karbala. All of Umm ul-Banin's sons were martyred at the battle.[4][5] Shimr ibn Dhi 'l-Jawshan, who killed Husayn ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala, was from the same tribe as Umm ul-Banin, and he offered safe passage to her and her sons before the battle commenced; however, they rejected it since the offer did not include Husayn ibn Ali.[6]

It is believed that Umm ul-Banin died in 69 A.H. (688/689) or 13 Jumada al-Thani 64 A.H. (6 February 684[2]), and was buried in the Jannatul Baqi, a cemetery in Medina.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ziarat of Hazrat Ummul Baneen (Wife of Imam Ali & Mother of Hazrat Abbas)
  2. ^ a b c Calendar Converter
  3. ^ Exemplary Women: Umm ul-Banin
  4. ^ Al Imam Al Hafiz, Abdul Ghani Al Maqdisi. Short Biography of the Prophet & His Ten Companions. Darussalam. ISBN 9960-899-12-8. 
  5. ^ Ashgar Ali Engineer (1992). The Rights of Women in Islam. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-154-X. 
  6. ^ Shaykh Al-Mufid. Kitab Al-Irshad.