Umuwa, South Australia
|Population||50 (?; est.)|
|LGA(s)||Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara|
Umuwa is an Aboriginal community in the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands in South Australia, serving as an administrative centre for the six main communities on "The Lands" (the others being Amata, Pipalyatjara, Pukatja/Ernabella, Fregon/Kaltjiti, Indulkana and Mimili), as well as the outlying communities.
Based upon the climate records of the nearest weather station at Marla Police Station, Umuwa experiences summer maximum temperatures of an average of 37.1 degrees celsius in January and a winter maximum average temperature of 19.7 degrees celsius in June. Overnight lows range from a mean minimum temperature of 21.8 degrees in January to 5.0 degrees in June.
Annual rainfall averages 222.6 millimetres.
Approximately 80 people live at Umuwa. Plus JTM
Umuwa was established in 1991 as the administrative centre for the APY Lands.
The Hon Robert Lawson MLC, a member of the South Australian Parliament Standing Committee on Aboriginal Lands, on 1 June 2004 in the South Australian Legislative Council referred to Umuwa as the "Canberra of the Lands". It appears that Umuwa, by proportion of population, relatively recent history of establishment and tendency for administration to be centred there, is modelled on the Canberra style establishment of a capital for the Lands.
Mail arrives in Umuwa once per week by air mail. Supplies arrive by truck weekly. Unlike larger APY Lands settlements, Umuwa does not have a general store.
Based in Umuwa, AP Services provides essential services to the APY Lands.
PY Media is also based in Umuwa, providing multimedia and radio transmission services.
Nganampa Health Council, which staffs and runs the health clinics in other APY Lands towns, is based in Umuwa.
Unlike other settlements that must rely on non-renewable energy, in September 2003 work was completed at Umuwa for a solar power station which was expected to save 140,000 litres of diesel and 510 tonnes of Greenhouse emissions each year.
- "As of 4 February 2011, the sun farm had reportedly not been working for more than a year. On 30 June 2011, the South Australian Government confirmed that the sun farm was "currently not operational" and that it would be "mothballed"."(quoted from PaperTracker)
For State elections (i.e. to elect the Parliament of South Australia), a mobile polling booth is taken to Umuwa.
- Commonwealth Bureau of Meteorology data
- Solar Systems Case Study - Umuwa;
- Google Earth link to satellite footage of the solar dishes
- Martin, S. 4 February 2011. "APY solar generator lying idle," The Advertiser, p39. Available online at: http://www.adelaidenow.com.au/news/south-australia/apy-solar-generator-lying-idle/story-e6frea83-1225999762268. Accessed: 4 February 2011.
- Portolesi, G and Marshall, S. 30 June 2011. Hansard, Estimates Committee B, Parliament of South Australia, p198.
- "Police Stations like ill-equipped sheds", Adelaide Advertiser, 7 July 2007 
- "PY Media Site : Umuwa". Retrieved 2007-07-05.