|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2006)|
|Series||The Psychotechnic League|
|Genre(s)||science fiction short story|
|Published in||Astounding Science Fiction|
|Publisher||Street & Smith|
|Publication date||January 1953|
|Followed by||"The Sensitive Man"|
Un-Man is a science fiction novella by Poul Anderson that was first published in the January 1953 issue of Astounding Science Fiction. It was included in the 1962 collection Un-Man and Other Novellas, and the 1981 collection The Psychotechnic League. As a component of the Psychotechnic League future history, "Un-Man" takes place in the year 2004, between "Marius" and "The Sensitive Man".
"Un-Man" was nominated for a retro-Hugo for best novella of 1953 at the 2004 World Science Fiction Convention.
Robert Naysmith is a member of the United Nations Inspectorate, an international police force that neutralizes threats to world peace. He is also a member of the Rostomily Brotherhood, a secret order within the Inspectorate made up of men cloned from Stefan Rostomily, a member of the French resistance during World War III.
Naysmith is ordered to carry on the assignment of Martin Donner, another member of the Brotherhood who was killed while investigating an anti-UN conspiracy. Atypically for a Brother, Donner had a wife and child, and Naysmith's first task is to impersonate Donner long enough to persuade his family to go into hiding with him. Naysmith leaves Donner's wife and son in an isolated cabin in the Canadian Rockies. He then kidnaps and drugs a member of the conspiracy, learning that he has been assigned to assassinate Barney Rosenberg, a Martian colonist who is returning to Earth to retire. Naysmith teams up with a Finnish Brother named Juho Lampi to rescue Rosenberg, and learns that he was a close friend of the original Rostomily.
After leaving Rosenberg with the Donners, Naysmith and his partner arrange to be captured by the conspiracy. They are brought to the secret sea base of Arnold Besser, UN Minister of International Finance and the leader of the conspiracy. They find themselves joined by two more captive Brothers, along with Besser himself. Before Besser can begin torturing Naysmith and the others, the secret base is attacked by UN police, and Besser's bodyguard (actually another Brother, surgically altered to look like Besser's bodyguard) kills Besser and frees the others. Following the raid, the information found in Besser's secret base allows the UN to roll up the conspiracy. Donner's wife tracks down Naysmith and asks him to marry her.
The World of "Un-Man"
Even though it has been 45 years since the initial nuclear exchanges of World War III, the world of "Un-Man" still bears the scars of the conflict, both physical and psychic. Even cities like Chicago that escaped destruction are being abandoned as the people of the United States huddle together in vast arcologies such as Frisco Unit and Denver Unit, as well as undersea settlements such as Pacific Colony off the California coast, and offworld settlements on the Moon, Venus, and Mars. In contrast to this physical proximity, though, the postwar survivors and their children keep their distance from each other; masks are commonplace, and privacy is jealously guarded.
The United Nations, reconstituted in Rio de Janeiro after the destruction of New York City in the war, is slowly being transformed into a federal world government. The nations of the world are kept under surveillance, and under armed guard, by UN-controlled bases on the Moon. The UN routinely intervenes to head off wars; sometimes openly through the use of armed force, and less openly through assassination to prevent resurgent nationalism.
Nationalism, including American nationalism, is depicted as the great enemy of mankind in "Un-Man". The leadership of a nationalist American political party is a hotbed of psychotic individuals, while the agents of the UN are dedicated to the preservation of sanity. The nationalists of various countries are mentioned as involved in a kind of alliance of convenience, aimed at getting rid of the restrictions imposed by the UN (whereupon they would be free to fight each other)
Background at the time of writing
The story is unique among Anderson's writings, where usually the protagonist's opponents are given the honour of their own convictions and the reader is given at least glimpse of their point of view and motivations. Conversely, in the present story the villains are entirely evil psychotics, with not a single redeeming feature, and the reader is made to share the protagonists' complete and visceral loathing and hatred of them.
The time when the story was written, making the fictional "Americanist Party" into such utter villains, was the peak time of the demagogic "Witch Hunt" carried out by Senator Joseph McCarthy and the House Un-American Activities Committee. "Un-Man" might indeed be considered a parody on "Un-American". (By his own later testimony, Anderson was "a flaming liberal" when he wrote this story).
In "The Sensitive Man" Anderson repeated many of the themes of the present story, but in a more subtle and nuanced way and with his more usual kind of villain - i.e. one who is not completely evil, who is given some sympathetic traits, but who is nevertheless shown as acting wrongly and needing to be opposed and defeated.