Una district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Una, Himachal Pradesh.
Una district
District of Himachal Pradesh
Location of Una district in Himachal Pradesh
Location of Una district in Himachal Pradesh
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
Headquarters Una, Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils 4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 5
Area
 • Total 1,549 km2 (598 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,21,057
 • Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
 • Urban 8.8%
Demographics
 • Literacy 87.23%
 • Sex ratio 977
Average annual precipitation 1253 mm
Website Official website

Una is one of the districts of Himachal Pradesh, India, and shares its border with the Hoshiarpur District and ropar district of Punjab. The terrain is generally a plain with low hills. Una has been identified as a main industrial hub and has become a transit town for travellers going to the famous city of Dharamshala or locations within the Himalayas such as Kullu, Manali, Jawalamukhi, and Chintpurni.

Una is home to the Kila, which is a historical fort and an ancestral home of the descendants of the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak.

People[edit]

Local languages are Punjabi and Hindi. The predominant language though spoken is Punjabi. People typically wear dhoti and pants, shirts, and trousers amongst youngster males and salwar kameez for women.

According to the 2001 census, the total population of Una is 447,967 with a ratio of 997 females per 1,000 males. The literacy rate is at 81.09%. The total area of the district is 1,549 km2 (598 sq mi). The population is mix of Hindus and Sikhs, with Sikhs in the minority.

Geography[edit]

Una lies in the southwestern part of Himachal Pradesh, and it is circumscribed by the beautiful Sivalik ranges of the Himalayas. On 1 September 1972, the Himachal Pradesh government reorganised what was then the Kangra district into three districts, namely Una, Hamirpur, and Kangra.

The famous places of Una are Chintpurni or Chhinnamastika Dhaam,Bhadurkali Mata Mandir,Guga Jahar Peer in Village Bhadurkali, Dera Baba Barbhag Singh, Dera Baba Rudru,Baba moni temple of Ghanari, Joggi Panga, Dharamshala Mahanta, Dhunsar Mahadev Temple Talmehra, Pir Nigaha - Madanpur Basoli, Shivbari Temple Gagret, Sidh Baba Balak nath temple Dmamiya in Ispur and Mini Secretariat. 'Brahmahooti ' God bhrama temple distance una to brahmahooti is 20 km added Er.S.Sahota only two temple God bhrama in world one is brahmahooti una hp second is pushkar rajsthan

Economy[edit]

The people of Una mainly earn their livelihood through agriculture. Una is also becoming an industrial hub. There is a hub of small scale Katha factories. Kamal Katha Udyog, Master Katha Udyog are prominent manufactorer of Katha. In addition of that there is cylinder factory named Him Cylinders and Steel Plant by the name of Him alloys.The International Cars and Motor has also one their plant in the City.The Jeevan Market Has Many Shops Dealing In All Types Of Products.

Transport[edit]

Una is connected by road and only one railway line through Una that currently enters Una from Nangal (Punjab) and runs all the way will Amb by the year end 2011. The NH-22 national highway passes through the city. Una is located just about 375 km (233 mi) north of New Delhi and 120 km (75 mi) from Chandigarh. The city is connected by a broad gauge railway line, which is the only one in the whole state. Two express trains (Himachal Express and Jan Shatabdi Express) connect it to Delhi daily. The nearest domestic airport is based at Chandigarh. Now Nestle is setting up his factory in nearby industrial area Tahliwal, cremica is already present there, some big industries are also moved in like inoxwind in basal and some other industrial units in Dhamandari.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Una district has a population of 521,057,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Cape Verde.[2] This gives it a ranking of 543rd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 338 inhabitants per square kilometre (880/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.24%.[1] Una has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 87.23%.[1]

Famous Destinations in UNA[edit]

  • Maa Chintpurni Devi Temple Pictorial Tour Maa Chintpurni
  • Sheetla Mata Mandir Una, takka road--Sheetla Mata temple is famous for curing skin disease like chicken pox, and eyes diseases. The water of the temple is sacred and miracle which cure the disease. The locket given by the Priest there is also helps in curing it.
  • Shiv Bari Temple
  • Dhyunsar Mahadev Temple
  • Dera Baba Rudru | Dera Baba Rudrashram
  • Baba Barbagh Singh
  • Jogi Panga
  • Jyoli Mata Temple Samoor Kalan ( Pracheen Shiv Mandir Samoor Kalan )
  • Thaneek Pura
  • Garib Nath mandir
  • Baba Moni Temple Ghanari
  • Mahandev Mandir,Pracheen Mahandev Mandir in Kotla Kalan.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Cape Verde 516,100 July 2011 est." 

Coordinates: 31°28′34″N 76°16′13″E / 31.47611°N 76.27028°E / 31.47611; 76.27028