|New Testament manuscript
Matthew 10:17-23,25-32;Luke 22:44-50,52-56,61,63-64
|Found||Hermopolis Magna, Egypt|
|Now at||Medici Library
Berlin State Museums
Papiri greci e latini della Società Italiana,(Florence, 1912—), 1:2-4; 2:22-25
2 vellum leaves; 5.7 x 9.2 cm;2 columns, 23 lines/page
|Note||witness to Western text in Egypt|
Uncial 0171 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 07 (Soden) are two vellum leaves of a late third century (or beginning of fourth) Greek uncial Bible codex containing fragments of the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke. Matthew fragment is a part of the Laurentian Library (PSI 2.124) collection in Florence, and Luke fragment is in the Berlin State Museum (P. 11863).
Uncial 0171 measures 5.7 cm by 9.2 cm from a page of two columns of 23 lines. The scribe wrote in a reformed documentary hand. It has errors of itacism, the nomina sacra are contracted (ΚΣ, ΙΗΣ). ανθρωπος is uncontracted. Luke 22:51 and 22:62 are omitted.
The Alands describe the text as "an early (secondary?) form of the D [Codex Bezae] text" and "paraphrastic". Uncial 0171 is an important witness to the existence of the Western text-type in Egypt. Aland placed it in Category IV. It is the earliest Greek witness with text of Luke 22:43–44.
It is classed as a "consistently cited witness of the first order" in Nestle-Aland's Novum Testamentum Graece. It's 27th edition (NA27) considers it even more highly than other witnesses of this type. It provides an exclamation mark (!) for "papyri and uncial manuscripts of particular significance because of their age."
The manuscript was found in 1903-1905 in Hermopolis Magna. The text was first published by the Società Italiana in Florence in 1912. Hermann von Soden knew the first fragment only in time to include it in the list of addenda in 1913. He classified it within his Ια text. Marie-Joseph Lagrange gave a collation, he classifies the fragment in his "recension D", and argues that the divergences of the fragment from the Codex Bezae are due to idiosyncrasies either of that manuscript or of the fragment itself. Kurt Treu identified the Matthew and Luke portions as the work of the same scribe on the same codex. Later again, Neville Birdsall observed that a lower portion of the manuscript had been overlooked in the editio princeps.
- Fragment (a) + (b): Verso (Luke 22:44-50)
|Col. I||Col. II|
— — — — — — — —
και αναστας απο [της]
- Fragment (a) + (b): Recto (Luke 22:50-56.61-64)
- Fragment (c): Recto (hair side) (Matthew 10:17-23)
- Fragment (c): Verso (flesh side) (Matthew 10:25-32)
- Other early uncials
- Related articles
- Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 104. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1.
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Philip W Comfort and David P Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, (Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers Incorporated, 2001), 684-691.
- Bruce Manning Metzger, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration, 4th edition, (New York City: Oxford University Press, 2005).
- Aland, Kurt; and Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 123. ISBN 0-8028-4098-1.
- Eberhard Nestle, Erwin Nestle, Barbara Aland and Kurt Aland (eds), Novum Testamentum Graece, 27th edition, (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 2001), 58.
- James Neville Birdsall, A Fresh Examination of the Fragments of the Gospel of St. Luke in MS. 0171 and an Attempted Reconstruction with Special Reference to the Recto.
- Hermann von Soden, Die Schriften des Neuen Testaments (Göttingen 1913), pp. 895, 903-904.
- M.-J. Lagrange, Critique textuelle II, La Critique rationelle (Paris, 1935), pp. 71-76.
- Kurt Treu, Archiv für Papyrusforschung 18 (1966): 25-28.
- J Neville Birdsall, 'A fresh examination of the fragments of the gospel of St. Luke in Ms. 0171 and an attempted reconstruction with special reference to the recto', in Roger Gryson (editor), Philologia Sacra: Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J Frede und de:Walter Thiele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, Vetus Latina 24, (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), 212-217.
- Ermenegildo Pistelli, Papiri greci e latini della Società Italiana (Florence, 1912), 1:2-4; 2:22-25.
- Kurt Aland, Alter und Entstehung des D-Textes im Neuen Testament. Betrachtungen zu 𝔓 69 und 0171, Miscellània\Papirològica Ramon Roca-Puig (Barcelona 1987), pp. 37–61.
- James Neville Birdsall, A Fresh Examination of the Fragments of the Gospel of St. Luke in MS. 0171 and an Attempted Reconstruction with Special Reference to the Recto, in: Collected papers in Greek and Georgian textual criticism, Texts and Studies, Gorgias Press 2006, Vol. 3, pp. 15–138.
- Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 685–691. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
- Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana
- Books of the New Testament on Parchment in Codex Form
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 21 April 2011.