|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||184.28 g mol−1|
|Melting point||23 °C (73 °F; 296 K)|
|Boiling point||275 °C (527 °F; 548 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
Undecylenic acid is an organic unsaturated fatty acid pyrolysis product of ricinoleic acid from castor oil. It is the common name of 10-undecenoic acid, (CH2CH(CH2)8COOH). It is used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and perfumery, including antidandruff shampoos, antimicrobial powders and as a musk in perfumes and aromas. Undecylenic acid is produced by cracking of castor oil under pressure.
Undecylenic acid is the active ingredient in medications for skin infections, and relieves itching, burning, and irritation. For example, it is used against fungal skin infections, such as athlete's foot, ringworm, jock itch or Candida albicans. When used for jock itch, it can result in extreme burning, as the skin is rather sensitive.
At least one of the mechanisms underlying its antifungal effects observed is its inhibition of morphogenesis of Candida albicans. In a study on denture liners, undecylenic acid in the liners was found to inhibit conversion of yeast to the hyphal form. Hyphae were associated with active infection. The mechanisms of action appear to be interference with fatty acid biosynthesis, which can inhibit germ tube (hyphae) formation. Medium-chain fatty acids have also been shown to disrupt the pH of the cell cytoplasm by being proton carriers, which interferes with viral replication mechanisms in infected cells. The mechanism of action and effectiveness in fatty acid based antifungals is dependent on the number of carbon atoms in the chain, being more effective as the number of atoms in the chain increases (undecylenic acid has 11).[better source needed]
Undecylenic acid can be used in silicon-based biosensors. Monolayers can be made on bare silicon transducer surfaces with the help of covalent bonds between silicon atom and the double bonds of undecylenic acid. The carboxylic acid groups remain available for the conjugation of biomolecules such as DNA or proteins.
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- Lemuel P. Ereaux and Gibson E. Craig (1949). "Undecylenic Acid in Psoriasis". Can Med Assoc J. 61 (4): 361–364. PMC 1591667. PMID 18140580.
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- A. Moraillon, A. C. Gouget-Laemmel, F. Ozanam, and J.-N. Chazalviel (2008). "Amidation of Monolayers on Silicon in Physiological Buffers: A Quantitative IR Study". J. Phys. Chem. C 112 (18): 7158–7167. doi:10.1021/jp7119922.