Under 19 Bundesliga

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Under 19 Bundesliga
Founded
2003
Nation
 Germany
Divisions
North/Northeast
South/Southwest
West
Number of clubs
42
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Current champions 2013–14
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim

The Under 19 Bundesliga (German: A-Junioren Bundesliga) is the highest level in German Under 19 football. It was created in 2003 and is divided in three divisions (Nord/Nordost, West und Süd/Südwest) with 14 teams each. The winner of each divisions and the second-placed team from the Süd/Südwest division join the play-offs for the German U19 champions.

The forerunner of the Under 19 Bundesliga was the A-Jugend-Regionalliga. In the summer of 2003 the divisions North and Northeast as well as South and Southwest were merged, the division West was simply renamed. The intent was to make youth football more competitive.

History[edit]

The league was formed in 2003, when the five U 19 Regionalligas merged to form the three Bundesligas as follows:

  • Under 19 Bundesliga North/Northeast formed from:
    • Under 19 Regionalliga North
    • Under 19 Regionalliga Northeast
  • Under 19 Bundesliga South/Southwest formed from:
    • Under 19 Regionalliga South
    • Under 19 Regionalliga Southwest
  • Under 19 Bundesliga West formed from:
    • Under 19 Regionalliga West

The Regionalligas itself had only been formed in 1996, to replace an even more regionalised system with separate leagues for every regional football association.[1] Originally, the DFB planned to organise the league in two regional divisions but was eventually forced to operate with three.[2]

In 2007, the German Football Association followed this example reorganised the under 17 Regionalligas in the same fashion, forming the Under 17 Bundesliga.

Mode[edit]

The clubs in each of the three divisions play a home-and-away round whereby there is no inter-league play. Every club plays therefore 26 regular season games. The bottom three teams in each division are relegated to the next level below, in turn, the best three teams from the region are promoted.

The winner of each league plus the runners-up of the South/Southwest region play in the finals round for the German Under 19 championship. The semi-finals are played in a home-and-away format. If the two semi-final teams playing each other are level on points and goals after the second game, there will be a penalty shoot-out. No extra time will be played.

The two semi-final winners reach the final, which is held at the location of the winner of the predetermined semi-final A, unless the teams stadium does not comply with DFB requirement, in which case an alternative venue will be determined. In the final, which is one game only, in case of a draw after normal time, a 20-minute extra time will be played. If the game is still a draw, a penalty shoot-out will determine the winner.[1]

Geography[edit]

Bundesliga North/Northeast
Bundesliga South/Southwest
Bundesliga West

The three Bundesligas are not geographically balanced, North/Northeast covers a large area while West a rather small one, but in population termes, the arrangement is much more level. The three leagues cover the following states:

League pyramid[edit]

Below the three Bundesligas, a number of second tier leagues exist which teams are promoted from and relegated to. The league system operates as follows for the 2008–09 season.[3]

Under 19 Bundesliga North/Northeast[edit]

The league has two second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Regionalliga North
  • Regionalliga Northeast

The league champions are directly promoted while the two runners-ups play each other for a third promotion spot

Under 19 Bundesliga South/Southwest[edit]

The league has four second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Regionalliga Southwest
  • Hessenliga
  • Oberliga Baden-Württemberg
  • Bayernliga

The winners of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and Bayernliga are directly promoted. A third promoted team is determined between the winners of the Hessenliga and the Regionalliga Southwest.

Under 19 Bundesliga West[edit]

The league has three second divisions as the tier below, these being:

  • Verbandsliga Mittelrhein
  • Verbandsliga Niederrhein
  • Westfalenliga

The three league champions are directly promoted.

Levels of youth football[edit]

German football recognises seven levels of junior football, determined by age and labeled with letters, whereby A is the oldest. In the A level, mixed teams of male and females are not permitted while in B and C mixed teams are allowed if the parents or guardians of the children permit it. Below the C level, mixed teams are generally permitted without restrictions.[4]

Name Age
A-Junioren Under 19
B-Junioren Under 17
C-Junioren Under 15
D-Junioren Under 13
E-Junioren Under 11
F-Junioren Under 9
G-Junioren1 Under 7

1 (commonly known as Bambini)

Division champions[edit]

The champions of the three regional divisions:

Season North/Northeast South/Southwest West
2003–04 Hannover 96 FC Bayern Munich VfL Bochum
2004–05 Hertha BSC Berlin VfB Stuttgart VfL Bochum
2005–06 Hertha BSC Berlin SC Freiburg FC Schalke 04
2006–07 Werder Bremen FC Bayern Munich Bayer Leverkusen
2007–08 VfL Wolfsburg VfB Stuttgart 1. FC Köln
2008–09 Werder Bremen SC Freiburg Borussia Dortmund
2009–10 F.C. Hansa Rostock VfB Stuttgart Bayer Leverkusen
2010–11 VfL Wolfsburg 1. FC Kaiserslautern Bayer Leverkusen
2011–12 VfL Wolfsburg FC Bayern Munich FC Schalke 04
2012–13 VfL Wolfsburg FC Bayern Munich FC Schalke 04
2013–14 VfL Wolfsburg 1899 Hoffenheim FC Schalke 04

Championship winners[edit]

The German under 19 football championship begun in 1969.[5]

Pre-Bundesliga era[edit]

Season Winner Finalist Result
1968–69 VfL Bochum 1. FC Saarbrücken 5–3
1969–70 Hertha Zehlendorf TuS Altrip 3–2
1970–71 1. FC Köln 1. FC Nuremberg 3–2
1971–72 MSV Duisburg VfB Stuttgart 2–0
1972–73 VfB Stuttgart Kickers Offenbach 3–1
1973–74 1. FC Nuremberg 1. FC Köln 1–0
1974–75 VfB Stuttgart (2) FC Schalke 04 4–0
1975–76 FC Schalke 04 Rot-Weiß Essen 3–1
1976–77 MSV Duisburg (2) VfB Stuttgart 2–1
1977–78 MSV Duisburg (3) Hertha Zehlendorf 5–2
1978–79 Stuttgarter Kickers 1. FC Nuremberg 2–1
1979–80 Waldhof Mannheim FC Schalke 04 2–1
1980–81 VfB Stuttgart (3) FC Schalke 04 4–0
1981–82 Eintracht Frankfurt VfB Stuttgart 2–0
1982–83 Eintracht Frankfurt (2) 1. FC Köln 2–0
1983–84 VfB Stuttgart (4) 1. FC Kaiserslautern 3–1 aet
1984–85 Eintracht Frankfurt (3) Bayer Leverkusen 4–2
1985–86 Bayer Leverkusen 1. FC Nuremberg 2–0
1986–87 Bayer Uerdingen Eintracht Frankfurt 2–1
1987–88 VfB Stuttgart (5) Bayer Leverkusen 4–1
1988–89 VfB Stuttgart (6) 1. FC Nuremberg 3–2
1989–90 VfB Stuttgart (7) Hertha Zehlendorf 5–1
1990–91 VfB Stuttgart (8) 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–1
1991–92 1. FC Kaiserslautern 1. FC Köln 5–1
1992–93 FC Augsburg 1. FC Kaiserslautern 3–1
1993–94 Borussia Dortmund Werder Bremen 3–2
1994–95 Borussia Dortmund (2) Bayer Leverkusen 2–0
1995–96 Borussia Dortmund (3) Waldhof Mannheim 2–0
1996–97 Borussia Dortmund (4) TSV 1860 Munich 2–1
1997–98 Borussia Dortmund (5) FC Bayern Munich 2–2 / 2–1 after pen.
1998–99 Werder Bremen VfB Stuttgart 4–1
1999-00 Bayer Leverkusen (2) Werder Bremen 4–2
2000–01 FC Bayern Munich Bayer Leverkusen 3–2
2001–02 FC Bayern Munich (2) VfB Stuttgart 4–0
2002–03 VfB Stuttgart (9) Bayer Leverkusen 5–2

Bundesliga era[edit]

Season Semi-finals Leg 1 Leg 2 Final Result
2003–04 FC Bayern Munich – Hannover 96 1–0 2–1 FC Bayern Munich (3) – VfL Bochum 3–0
VfL Bochum – SpVgg Greuther Fürth 3–0 4–3
2004–05 VfB Stuttgart – SpVgg Greuther Fürth 1–1 3–1 pen VfB Stuttgart (10) – VfL Bochum 1–0
VfL Bochum – Hertha BSC Berlin 2–1 3–1 pen
2005–06 Hertha BSC Berlin – FC Schalke 04 2–0 0–3 FC Schalke 04 (2) – FC Bayern Munich 2–1
FC Bayern Munich – SC Freiburg 2–1 1–0
2006–07 Bayer Leverkusen – 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–1 2–0 Bayer Leverkusen (3) – FC Bayern Munich 2–1 aet
Werder Bremen – FC Bayern Munich 2–2 2–4
2007–08 VfB Stuttgart – VfL Wolfsburg 1–2 2–2 SC Freiburg – VfL Wolfsburg 2–0
SC Freiburg – 1. FC Köln 3–1 2–2
2008–09 FSV Mainz 05 – Werder Bremen 0–1 3–0 FSV Mainz 05 – Borussia Dortmund 2–1
Borussia Dortmund – SC Freiburg 3–2 3–1
2009–10 F.C. Hansa Rostock – FSV Mainz 05 1–0 2–2 F.C. Hansa Rostock – Bayer Leverkusen 1–0
VfB Stuttgart – Bayer Leverkusen 2–0 0–4
2010–11 Bayer Leverkusen – VfL Wolfsburg 0–2 2–5 VfL Wolfsburg – 1. FC Kaiserslautern 4–2
1. FC Kaiserslautern – TSV 1860 Munich 0–1 2–0
2011–12 VfL Wolfsburg – FC Schalke 04 2–2 2–4 FC Schalke 04 (3) – FC Bayern Munich 2–1
FC Bayern Munich – Hertha BSC Berlin 3–1 1–1
2012–13 VfL Wolfsburg – FC Schalke 04 2–0 2–0 VfL Wolfsburg (2) – F.C. Hansa Rostock 3–1 aet
FC Bayern Munich – F.C. Hansa Rostock 0–2 1–1
2013–14 Hannover 96 – VfL Wolfsburg 1–1 2–2 (4–2 pen) Hannover 96 – 1899 Hoffenheim 0–5
FC Schalke 04 – 1899 Hoffenheim 0–1 0–0
  • Winner in bold.
  • (2) denotes the number of titles the club has one at this stage when it won more than one.
  • Source: Alle A-Junioren-Meister (German) official DFB website: List of all champions, accessed: 27 November 2008

Winners & Finalists[edit]

As of 2014, this is the standing in the all-time winners list:

Club Championships Finals
VfB Stuttgart 10 15
Borussia Dortmund 5 6
Bayer Leverkusen 3 9
FC Bayern Munich 3 7
Eintracht Frankfurt 3 4
MSV Duisburg 3 3
FC Schalke 04 3 5
VfL Wolfsburg 2 3
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 1 1
F.C. Hansa Rostock 1 1
FSV Mainz 05 1 1
SC Freiburg 1 1
Werder Bremen 1 3
FC Augsburg 1 1
Bayer Uerdingen 1 1
Waldhof Mannheim 1 2
Stuttgarter Kickers 1 1
1. FC Kaiserslautern 1 5
1. FC Nuremberg 1 5
1. FC Köln 1 4
Hertha Zehlendorf 1 3
VfL Bochum 1 3
Hannover 96 0 1
TSV 1860 Munich 0 1
Rot-Weiß Essen 0 1
Kickers Offenbach 0 1
TuS Altrip 0 1
1. FC Saarbrücken 0 1
  • On three occasions, the Bundesliga champions also won the German under 19 title:
    • 1995: Borussia Dortmund
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich
  • On two occasions, the Bundesliga champions also won the German under 17 and under 19 title:
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich
  • On four occasions, the under 19 champions also won the under 17 title:
    • 1987: Bayer Uerdingen
    • 1996: Borussia Dortmund
    • 1998: Borussia Dortmund
    • 2001: FC Bayern Munich

Clubs & league finishes[edit]

The clubs and their league finishes in the Under 19 Bundesliga since 2003–04. Also shown are the final placing of the qualifying season 2002–03 and the Regionalliga or region, in color, the clubs qualified from:

North/Northeast[edit]

Club 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
VfL Wolfsburg 1 6 11 5 2 1 7 2 1 1 1 1 x
Hannover 96 2 1 5 4 6 7 5 3 3 4 6 2 x
Hertha BSC Berlin 2 2 1 1 3 5 4 7 4 2 8 3 x
Werder Bremen 5 3 2 3 1 2 1 5 2 8 3 4 x
FC St. Pauli 4 9 14 13 10 5 5 x
F.C. Hansa Rostock 1 5 3 6 5 3 2 1 5 5 2 6 x
Dynamo Dresden 7 x
FC Carl Zeiss Jena 4 4 12 6 8 12 7 8 x
Holstein Kiel 10 13 12 11 13 9 9 x
Hamburger SV 3 7 9 7 4 9 3 4 8 3 10 10 x
FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt 9 6 11 10 8 10 14 6 11 11 x
Eintracht Braunschweig 10 14 x
SV Meppen x
RB Leipzig x
1. FC Union Berlin 14 9 10 7 12 12
VfL Osnabrück 6 13 12 11 8 6 7 4 13
VfB Lübeck 9 14
FC Energie Cottbus 11 4 2 8 4 6 6 10 9 12
Chemnitzer FC 10 9 11 12 13
Hallescher FC 9 9 11 14
Hertha Zehlendorf 11 13
VfL Oldenburg 11 14
1. FC Magdeburg 8 14 12
VfB Oldenburg 11 14
Tennis Borussia Berlin 7 8 7 9 11 13 13
FC Sachsen Leipzig 13 8 7 12
Tasmania Gropiusstadt 6 10 8 10 13
SC Vier- und Marschlande Hamburg 14
FV Dresden-Nord 5 11 10 13
VfB Leipzig 3 12
FC Union 60 Bremen 7 14
Niendorfer TSV 8
DGF Flensborg 12
Blau-Weiß Lohne 13
Leher TS Bremerhaven 14
Reinickendorfer Füchse 12
ESV/Empor Greifswald 14

South/Southwest[edit]

Club 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim 9 10 9 6 5 9 11 3 1 x
TSV 1860 Munich 1 3 4 4 7 8 7 7 2 8 4 2 x
VfB Stuttgart 2 4 1 3 4 1 5 1 4 6 2 3 x
1. FC Kaiserslautern 1 7 3 6 2 7 8 8 1 13 4 x
FSV Mainz 05 2 8 13 3 5 2 2 6 3 6 5 x
FC Bayern Munich 4 1 6 2 1 3 3 9 7 1 1 6 x
Eintracht Frankfurt 7 6 9 12 4 9 10 8 5 11 7 x
FC Augsburg 10 13 9 8 x
SpVgg Greuther Fürth 2 2 10 6 10 10 11 10 7 8 9 x
SC Freiburg 3 5 8 1 5 2 1 4 3 2 5 10 x
Karlsruher SC 12 7 5 9 6 4 3 11 4 10 11 x
1. FC Nuremberg 5 9 5 8 12 6 5 10 13 x
Waldhof Mannheim 11 13 12 x
1. FC Saarbrücken 3 12 14 x
SpVgg Unterhaching 12 13 9 7 12
FC Astoria Walldorf 13
Wacker Burghausen 8 14 14
FSV Frankfurt 12
Stuttgarter Kickers 10 11 11 11 12 14
SSV Ulm 1846 6 11 10 7 14 12
SV Wehen Wiesbaden 14
SV Darmstadt 98 14 12
Jahn Regensburg 13 11 11 14
Kickers Offenbach 13 12
FC 08 Villingen 14
Offenburger FV 13
SSV Reutlingen 9 13
Eintracht Trier 14
KSV Baunatal 8 14
TuS Koblenz 4
FSV Salmrohr 5
Hassia Bingen 6
FK Pirmasens 7
DJK/SV Phönix Schifferstadt 8
VfB Dillingen 9
SG Blaubach-Diedelkopf 10
Saar 05 Saarbrücken 11
SG Betzdorf 12

West[edit]

Club 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
FC Schalke 04 6 4 2 1 2 2 4 6 2 1 1 1 x
1. FC Köln 5 2 4 4 5 1 6 2 4 4 5 2 x
Bayer Leverkusen 2 5 3 6 1 3 2 1 1 2 3 3 x
Borussia Dortmund 3 3 5 5 3 4 1 5 8 5 9 4 x
VfL Bochum 1 1 1 2 11 5 5 4 6 6 2 5 x
Borussia Mönchengladbach 4 7 6 3 7 8 3 3 3 3 4 6 x
Fortuna Düsseldorf 8 9 14 12 7 5 9 6 7 x
Wuppertaler SV Borussia 13 13 10 14 8 x
MSV Duisburg 13 6 9 7 8 11 8 11 9 x
Bonner SC 12 8 7 14 7 12 10 x
Arminia Bielefeld 10 9 8 4 6 9 9 12 7 11 x
Preußen Münster 14 13 12 7 12 x
FC Viktoria Köln 12 14 x
1. FC Mönchengladbach x
Rot-Weiss Essen 7 8 10 9 10 7 12 8 12
Rot-Weiß Oberhausen 14 11 10 13
VfL Theesen 14
Fortuna Köln 13
Alemannia Aachen 9 11 12 8 10 8 13 10 14
Rot-Weiss Ahlen 7 10 9 11 10 11 9 13
SG Wattenscheid 09 11 6 11 11 12 11 10 13
SpVgg Erkenschwick 13 14
Bergisch Gladbach 09 14
VfL Leverkusen 12 14
SC Paderborn 07 10 14 13
KFC Uerdingen 05 13

Key[edit]

Under 19 Bundesliga champions
Region of origin
North
Northeast
South
Southwest
West

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rund um die A-Junioren-Meisterschaft (German) DFB website: Explanations to the league system, accessed: 27 November 2008
  2. ^ Die neue DFB-A-Jugend-Bundesliga (German) publisher: Hamburger Abendblatt, published: 30 August 2003, accessed: 27 November 2008
  3. ^ DFB Jugendordnung – § 19 – Aufstieg in die Junioren-Bundesligen (German) DFB website – Promotion to the Bundesligas, accessed: 27 November 2008
  4. ^ DFB Jugendordnung – § 5 – Altersklasseneinteilung (German) DFB website – rules & regulations of German youth football, accessed: 27 November 2008
  5. ^ kicker Almanach 1990 (German) publisher: kicker, published: 1989, accessed: 27 November 2008

Sources[edit]

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945–2005 (German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External links[edit]

  • Weltfussball.de Round-by-round results and tables of the Under 19 Bundesliga (German)