Underworld (1927 film)
|Directed by||Josef von Sternberg|
|Produced by||Hector Turnbull
B. P. Schulberg
|Written by||Charles Furthman
Robert N. Lee
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|20 August 1927|
Boisterous gangster kingpin 'Bull' Weed rehabilitates the down-and-out 'Rolls Royce' Wensel, a former lawyer who has fallen into alcoholism. The two become confidants, with Rolls Royce's intelligence aiding Weed's schemes, but complications arise when Rolls Royce falls for Weed's girlfriend 'Feathers' McCoy.
Adding to Weed's troubles are attempts by a rival gangster, 'Buck' Mulligan, to muscle in on his territory. Their antagonism climaxes with Weed killing Mulligan and he is imprisoned, awaiting a death sentence. Rolls Royce devises an escape plan, but he and Feathers face a dilemma, wondering if they should elope together and leave Bull Weed to his fate.
- George Bancroft as "Bull" Weed
- Evelyn Brent as "Feathers" McCoy
- Clive Brook as "Rolls Royce" Wensel
- Fred Kohler as "Buck" Mulligan
- Helen Lynch as Meg, Mulligan's girl
- Larry Semon as "Slippy" Lewis
- Jerry Mandy as Paloma
Originally, it was to have been directed by Arthur Rosson, but he was fired by Paramount Pictures. It was written by Ben Hecht, adapted by Charles Furthman and Robert N. Lee, with titles by George Marion Jr.. It was produced by B.P. Schulberg and Hector Turnbull with cinematography by Bert Glennon and edited by E. Lloyd Sheldon.
Paramount Pictures initially predicted this film to be a failure and therefore released it in only one theater initially in New York. Ben Hecht even asked for his name to be taken off the credits. After strong word-of-mouth, the movie went on to become a hit.
The gangster role played by George Bancroft was modeled on "Terrible" Tommy O'Connor, an Irish-American mobster who gunned down Chicago Police Chief Padraig O'Neil in 1923 but escaped three days before execution and was never apprehended.
Underworld is now recognized as the first gangster movie[dubious ]. "The film established the fundamental elements of the gangster movie: a hoodlum hero; ominous, night-shrouded city streets; floozies; and a blazing finale in which the cops cut down the protagonist." Underworld was nominated for AFI's Top 10 Gangster Films list.
- "Silent Era: Underworld". silentera.com. Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- Jay Robert Nash (1981). Almanac of World Crime. Anchor Press/Doubleday. pp. 145–146. ISBN 9780385150033.
- "New Pictures: Sep. 5, 1927"
- Kehr, Dave. "Underworld," Chicago Reader, accessed October 11, 2010.
- Siegel, Scott, & Siegel, Barbara (2004). The Encyclopedia of Hollywood. 2nd edition. Checkmark Books. p. 178. ISBN 0-8160-4622-0
- AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot